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Other Children Other Languages

Author: Yonata Levy
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134776934
Size: 76.64 MB
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This volume investigates the implications of the study of populations other than educated, middle-class, normal children and languages other than English on a universal theory of language acquisition. Because the authors represent different theoretical orientations, their contributions permit the reader to appreciate the full spectrum of language acquisition research. Emphasis is placed on the principle ways in which data from pathology and from a variety of languages may affect universal statements. The contributors confront some of the major theoretical issues in acquisition.

Progression And Regression In Language

Author: Kenneth Hyltenstam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521438742
Size: 12.35 MB
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This crosslinguistic collection looks at changes and developments in language known as progression and regression. The processes are examined and compared at the societal and individual level. In the former, the focus is on the socio-cultural forces that influence groups of speakers to create new languages or abandon old ones. In the latter, the acquisition and attrition of first and second languages are considered. The theoretical issues around this topic are addressed from sociological, neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives.

Learnability And The Lexicon

Author: Alan Juffs
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027224781
Size: 68.40 MB
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This book provides a critical review of recent theories of semantics-syntax correspondences and makes new proposals for constraints on semantic structure relevant to syntax. Data from several languages are presented which suggest that semantic structure in root morphemes is subject to parametric variation which has effect across a variety of verb classes, including locatives, unaccusatives, and psych verbs.The implications for first and second language acquisition are discussed. In particular, it is suggested that different parametric settings may lead to a learnability problem if adult learners do not retain access to sensitivity to underlying semantic organization and morphological differences between languages provided by Universal Grammar.An experiment with Chinese-speaking learners of English is presented which shows that learners initially transfer L1 semantic organization to the L2, but are able to retreat from overgeneralisations and achieve native-like grammars in this area.Suggestions for further research in this rapidly developing area of theory and acquisition research are also made.

The Handbook Of Language Emergence

Author: Brian MacWhinney
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118346092
Size: 57.45 MB
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This authoritative handbook explores the latest integrated theory for understanding human language, offering the most inclusive text yet published on the rapidly evolving emergentist paradigm. Brings together an international team of contributors, including the most prominent advocates of linguistic emergentism Focuses on the ways in which the learning, processing, and structure of language emerge from a competing set of cognitive, communicative, and biological constraints Examines forces on widely divergent timescales, from instantaneous neurolinguistic processing to historical changes and language evolution Addresses key theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues, making this handbook the most rigorous examination of emergentist linguistic theory ever

Der Monolinguale Und Bilinguale Erwerb Von Infinitivkonstruktionen

Author: Ira Gawlitzek-Maiwald
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
Size: 71.29 MB
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Drawing on three monolingual (German) and three bilingual (German/English) case studies, the study describes the (dual) first-language acquisition of German and English infinitive constructions and relates this to the overall processes operative in language acquisition. It transpires that previous assumptions about the course of English acquisition need to be diversified. Specific differences in the acquisition modes for German and English are interpreted and explained with reference to the principles-and-parameters model.

Constructing A Language

Author: Michael TOMASELLO
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674017641
Size: 64.76 MB
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In this groundbreaking book, Tomasello presents a comprehensive usage-based theory of language acquisition. Drawing together a vast body of empirical research in cognitive science, linguistics, and developmental psychology, Tomasello demonstrates that we don't need a self-contained "language instinct" to explain how children learn language. Their linguistic ability is interwoven with other cognitive abilities.

Theoretical Issues In Language Acquisition

Author: Juergen Weissenborn
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134746695
Size: 79.37 MB
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In recent linguistic theory, there has been an explosion of detailed studies of language variation. This volume applies such recent analyses to the study of child language, developing new approaches to change and variation in child grammars and revealing both early knowledge in several areas of grammar and a period of extended development in others. Topics dealt with include question formation, "subjectless" sentences, object gaps, rules for missing subject interpretation, passive sentences, rules for pronoun interpretation and argument structure. Leading developmental linguists and psycholinguists show how linguistic theory can help define and inform a theory of the dynamics of language development and its biological basis, meeting the growing need for such studies in programs in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science.

An Introduction To Child Language Development

Author: Susan H.Foster- Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317896246
Size: 70.63 MB
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This volume introduces the field of child language development studies, and presents hypotheses in an accessible, largely non-technical language, aiming to demonstrate the relationship between these hypotheses and interpretations of data. It makes the assumption that having a theory of language development is as important as having reliable data about what children say and understand, and it advocates a combination of both `rationalist' and more 'empiricist' traditions. In fact, the author overtly argues that different traditions provide different pieces of the picture, and that taking any single approach is unlikely to lead to productive understanding. Susan Foster-Cohen explores a range of issues, including the nature of prelinguistic communication and its possible relationship to linguistic development; early stages of language development and how they can be viewed in the light of later developments; the nature and role of children's experience with the language(s) around them; variations in language development due to both pathological and non-pathological differences between children, and (in the latter case) between the languages they learn; later oral language development; and literacy. The approach is distinctly psycholinguistic and linguistic rather than sociolinguistic, although there is significant treatment of issues which intersect with more sociolinguistic concerns (e.g. literacy, language play, and bilingualism). There are exercises and discussion questions throughout, designed to reinforce the ideas being presented, as well as to offer the student the opportunity to think beyond the text to ideas at the cutting edge of research. The accessible presentation of key issues will appeal to the intended undergraduate readership, and will be of interest to those taking courses in language development, linguistics, developmental psychology, educational linguistics, and speech pathology. The book will also serve as a useful introduction to students wishing to pursue post-graduate courses which deal with child language development.