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Public Budgeting Systems

Author: Robert D. Lee Jr.
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449627900
Size: 78.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Now in its Ninth Edition, Public Budgeting Systems is a complete and balanced reference that surveys the current state of budgeting throughout all levels of the United States government. The text emphasizes methods by which financial decisions are reached within a system as well as ways in which different types of information are used in budgetary decision-making. It also stresses the use of program information, since, for decades, budget reforms have sought to introduce greater program considerations into financial decisions. The Ninth Edition has been updated to give particular attention to several recent developments in public budgeting and finance including: • Steps that have been taken by governments to battle the effects of the “Great Recession” and to enhance economic recovery. In the US, this includes the actions of the Federal Reserve as well as legislative efforts, such as the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. • Significant increase in use of fiscal policy tools to stimulate economic recovery, in contrast to most recent previous 20 year period. • The federal government’s direct role in the operations of the private sector will be explored. The government has become a major stockholder and therefore has a financial stake in seeing that corporations succeed. • Unprecedented federal deficits, as well as extreme budgetary challenges at the state and local level, including a discussion of causes and possible solutions. • Other changes during the Obama presidency, including the passage of comprehensive health care reform and changes in the management agenda. • Continued developments in financial and debt management, including additional GASB requirements and the effects of the recent economic contraction on the borrowing prospects for state and local governments. • Additional recognition of the effects of the global economy, resulting in an increase in the pages devoted to discussing international examples.

A Twenty First Century U S Water Policy

Author: Juliet Christian-Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199939381
Size: 79.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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It is zero hour for a new US water policy! At a time when many countries are adopting new national approaches to water management, the United States still has no cohesive federal policy, and water-related authorities are dispersed across more than 30 agencies. Here, at last, is a vision for what we as a nation need to do to manage our most vital resource. In this book, leading thinkers at world-class water research institution the Pacific Institute present clear and readable analysis and recommendations for a new federal water policy to confront our national and global challenges at a critical time. What exactly is at stake? In the 21st century, pressures on water resources in the United States are growing and conflicts among water users are worsening. Communities continue to struggle to meet water quality standards and to ensure that safe drinking water is available for all. And new challenges are arising as climate change and extreme events worsen, new water quality threats materialize, and financial constraints grow. Yet the United States has not stepped up with adequate leadership to address these problems. The inability of national policymakers to safeguard our water makes the United States increasingly vulnerable to serious disruptions of something most of us take for granted: affordable, reliable, and safe water. This book provides an independent assessment of water issues and water management in the United States, addressing emerging and persistent water challenges from the perspectives of science, public policy, environmental justice, economics, and law. With fascinating case studies and first-person accounts of what helps and hinders good water management, this is a clear-eyed look at what we need for a 21st century U.S. water policy.

Federal Research

Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788134647
Size: 60.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In FY 1996, Congress appropriated about $1 billion to the Energy Dept. for electricity-related R&D. This report discusses the electric utility industry being deregulated and moving toward a more competitive market, as well as reductions having occurred in funding from the major sources of electricity-related R&D. Includes what changes have occurred in the amount of electricity-related R&D funding and the primary reasons for these changes, and what has been the impact of these changes on the types of R&D being funded. Charts and tables.