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Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium Proms 2012 Conference Proceeding

Author: Quan Zhang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642375928
Size: 55.16 MB
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Entrusted by the Board of Management of the Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), PROMS2012 is held in Jiaxing, China from August 6-9, 2012. Over the past years, PROMS has been hosted in many parts of the Pacific Rim, in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Tokyo, which has greatly promoted the research of and contributed to the development of Rasch Model in one way or another. As early as in 1980s, the ideas and concepts regarding IRT was first introduced into China by Prof. Gui Shichun, my Ph.D supervisor, and it is Prof. Gui who first conducted with great success the ten-year long (1990-1999) Equating Project for Matriculation English Test (MET) in China. MET is the most influential entrance examination for higher education administered annually to over 3.3 million candidates then. The Equating Project won recognition by Charles Alderson and other foreign counterparts during 1990s. Academically, those were Good Old Days for Chinese testing experts and psychometricians. Then for certain reasons, the equating practice abruptly discontinued. Therefore, in China nowadays, the application of IRT-based software like BILOG, Parscale, Iteman 4 and others to real testing problem solving is confined to an extremely small 'band' of people. In this sense, PROMS2012 meets an important need in that it provides an excellent introduction of IRT and its application. And anyone who is seriously interested in research and development in the field of psychometrics or language testing will find such a symposium and related workshops to be an excellent source of information about the application of Rasch Model. PROMS2012 focuses on recent advances in objective measurement and provides an international forum on both the latest research in using Rasch measurement and non-Rasch practice.

Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium Proms 2016 Conference Proceedings

Author: Quan Zhang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811081387
Size: 42.33 MB
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This book gathers original studies presented at the PROMS 2016 conference on Rasch theories and Rasch-based applications. It provides significant examples used to address practical measurement problems across a range of disciplines, including: Classic Testing Theory (CTT), Item Response Theory (IRT), philosophy of measurement, dimensionality, the role of fit statistics and research, business and industrial applications, health-related research and the latest Rasch-based computer software. PROMS welcomes empirical and theoretical studies and workshops, preferably with an emphasis on the Rasch model. Special attention is paid to manuscripts submitted by non-native English-speaking authors from Pacific Rim countries, regions and beyond. PROMS 2016 (Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium) was held July 30-August 3, 2016 in Xi’an, China. The goal of the conference was to bring together researchers, scholars and professors from research institutes, universities, hospitals, business and management sectors, as well as professional practitioners, to exchange and share ideas, problems and solutions regarding the multifaceted aspects of the Rasch model and on the much debated yet highly topical issues of objective assessment.

Psychological And Social Measurement

Author: Mark Wilson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319673041
Size: 37.53 MB
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In this tribute to Benjamin Wright, former students and colleagues recall the foundational contributions he made to the theory and practice of measurement in a career spanning over five decades. Wright is recognized as the foremost proponent of the psychometric approach of Georg Rasch, a Danish mathematician, whose ideas continue to provoke controversy. Wright’s colleagues and students, and students of their students, are leaders in educational research and practice around the world. This volume relates the extent of Wright’s influence far beyond education and psychology, where his work in measurement began, into health care and the social sciences at large. The editors and contributors—all leading measurement scholars—trace the development of themes in Wright’s work, identifying the roots of today’s formative assessment methods, the integration of quantitative and qualitative data, and the contrast between scientific and statistical methods. These previously unpublished papers reflect on Wright’s lifelong passion for making measurement both more scientific and more meaningful. They recount how Wright’s insight, energy, and gregarious nature led him to produce multiple innovations in computing, estimation methods, model development, fit assessment, and reliability theory, stimulating practical applications in dozens of fields, serving on over 120 dissertation committees, and founding several professional societies. The volume includes three reprinted articles by Wright that provide insights into his early engagement with Rasch’s ideas. Psychological and Social Measurement will be welcomed by the broad international measurement community of professionals and researchers working in such diverse fields as education, psychology, health sciences, management, and metrology. Scientists working in any field involving measurement science and technology will appreciate an inside look at this seminal figure and a new perspective on the expanding conversation across the sciences about measurement and the communication of meaningful, transparent information.

Open Source Knowledge Management

Author: Georg Hüttenegger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540330771
Size: 47.87 MB
Format: PDF
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Das Buch präsentiert die vielfältigen Möglichkeiten von Open Source Software zur Unterstützung von Wissensmanagement. Der Autor erläutert die Grundlagen und Einsatzmöglichkeiten von Open Source Software beim Knowledge Management und entwickelt auf Grund von Analysen konkreter Open Source Produkte Entscheidungskriterien und Anleitungen für die Einführung und Verbesserung von Knowledge Management und Open Source Software. Kosteneinsparungen und Effizienz finden dabei besondere Beachtung. Die unverzichtbare organisatorische Basis wird ebenso beleuchtet wie die Möglichkeiten einer schrittweisen Einführung in einer konkreten Organisation. Damit beleuchtet der Autor nicht nur die verschiedenen Facetten für das Open Source Knowledge Management, sondern zeigt auch direkt umsetzbare Teillösungen.

Effektive Kompetenzdiagnose In Der Lehrerbildung

Author: Juliane Rutsch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658201215
Size: 19.87 MB
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Das Ziel des interdisziplinär angelegten Bandes ist die Entwicklung und Validierung standardisierter Testverfahren zur Erfassung von Professionalisierungsprozessen im Lehramtsstudium. Hierbei werden für die Testentwicklung in den Domänen Deutsch, Mathematik und Geschichte sowie für den kompetenten Umgang mit Heterogenität ein gemeinsamer theoretischer Rahmen sowie ein gemeinsames methodisches Vorgehen zugrunde gelegt. So soll es ermöglicht werden, vergleichbare Ergebnisse für Professionalisierungsprozesse angehender Lehrkräfte in den verschiedenen Domänen zu erzielen, die bislang nur eingeschränkt vorliegen.

Hybride Wertsch Pfung

Author: Oliver Thomas
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642118550
Size: 35.57 MB
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Die Grenzen zwischen Sach- und Dienstleistung verschwimmen zunehmend – Produkte sind in der Regel hybrid. Sie sind als kundenorientierte Problemlösungen zu interpretieren, die durch das Schnüren von Leistungsbündeln aus Sach- und Dienstleistungskomponenten entstehen. Über die Wettbewerbsvorteile und den ökonomischen Nutzen von hybriden Produkten herrscht weitgehend Einigkeit. Dennoch existieren kaum Ansätze zur integrierten Entwicklung von Sach- und Dienstleistungen. Die Tatsache, dass der wirtschaftliche Erfolg eines Leistungsbündels maßgeblich von dessen Konzeption und kundenindividueller Gestaltung abhängt, wird damit vernachlässigt. In diesem Band werden neue Methoden zur Gestaltung hybrider Produkte vorgestellt. Dabei werden sowohl aktuelle Problemstellungen und Lösungsansätze als auch zukünftige Entwicklungsperspektiven betrachtet. Die einzelnen Kapitel fokussieren einerseits die Produktion und den Absatz hybrider Produkte und andererseits Informationssysteme, welche die Produktion und den Absatz hybrider Produkte unterstützen. Es wird dem Grundgedanken gefolgt, dass die Erfüllung einer Kundenanforderung nicht von vorneherein entweder an eine Sach- oder eine Dienstleistungskomponente geknüpft ist – diese Zuordnung soll sich erst während des Entwicklungsprozesses eines hybriden Produkts ergeben. Als „roter Faden“ dient ein durchgängiges Fallbeispiel aus der technischen Gebrauchsgüterbranche, bei dem die Nutzung mobiler Endgeräte zu Verbesserungen in der Erbringung technischer Kundendienstleistungen führt.