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Author: Christopher Collins
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231160933
Size: 17.16 MB
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Christopher Collins introduces an exciting new field of research traversing evolutionary biology, anthropology, archaeology, cognitive psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, and literary study. Paleopoetics maps the selective processes that originally shaped the human genus millions of years ago and prepared the human brain to play, imagine, empathize, and engage in fictive thought as mediated by language. A manifestation of the Òcognitive turnÓ in the humanities, Paleopoetics calls for a broader, more integrated interpretation of the reading experience, one that restores our connection to the ancient methods of thought production still resonating within us. Speaking with authority on the scientific aspects of cognitive poetics, Collins proposes reading literature using cognitive skills that predate language and writing. These include the brainÕs capacity to perceive the visible world, store its images, and retrieve them later to form simulated mental events. Long before humans could share stories through speech, they perceived, remembered, and imagined their own inner narratives. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Collins builds an evolutionary bridge between humansÕ development of sensorimotor skills and their achievement of linguistic cognition, bringing current scientific perspective to such issues as the structure of narrative, the distinction between metaphor and metonymy, the relation of rhetoric to poetics, the relevance of performance theory to reading, the difference between orality and writing, and the nature of play and imagination.


Author: Christopher Collins
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542887
Size: 62.41 MB
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The quest to understand the evolution of the literary mind has become a fertile field of inquiry and speculation for scholars across literary studies and cognitive science. In Paleopoetics, Christopher Collins’s acclaimed earlier title, he described how language emerged both as a communicative tool and as a means of fashioning other communicative tools—stories, songs, and rituals. In Neopoetics, Collins turns his attention to the cognitive evolution of the writing-ready brain. Further integrating neuroscience into the popular field of cognitive poetics, he adds empirical depth to our study of literary texts and verbal imagination and offers a whole new way to look at reading, writing, and creative expression. Collins begins Neopoetics with the early use of visual signs, first as reminders of narrative episodes and then as conventional symbols representing actual speech sounds. Next he examines the implications of written texts for the play of the auditory and visual imagination. To exemplify this long transition from oral to literate artistry, Collins examines a wide array of classical texts—from Homer and Hesiod to Plato and Aristotle and from the lyric innovations of Augustan Rome to the inner dialogues of St. Augustine. In this work of “big history,” Collins demonstrates how biological and cultural evolution collaborated to shape both literature and the brain we use to read it.

How Literary Worlds Are Shaped

Author: Bo Pettersson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110484935
Size: 61.83 MB
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How Literary Worlds Are Shaped studies a wide variety of literature across cultures and ages. The main aim is to show that literature all over the world has for millennia employed an array of related themes and techniques. By its broad scope and detailed analysis, this volume offers the first extensive comparative account of the makings of literary worlds.

A Prehistory Of Cognitive Poetics

Author: Karin Kukkonen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190634766
Size: 41.18 MB
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"Bringing neoclassicism back into today's critical debates, this study considers the cognitive underpinnings of the rules of poetic justice, the unities and decorum, underlines their relevance for today's cognitive poetics and traces their influence in the emerging narrative form of the eighteenth-century novel"--

The Seductions Of Darwin

Author: Matthew Rampley
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271079002
Size: 43.19 MB
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The surge of evolutionary and neurological analyses of art and its effects raises questions of how art, culture, and the biological sciences influence one another, and what we gain in applying scientific methods to the interpretation of artwork. In this insightful book, Matthew Rampley addresses these questions by exploring key areas where Darwinism, neuroscience, and art history intersect. Taking a scientific approach to understanding art has led to novel and provocative ideas about its origins, the basis of aesthetic experience, and the nature of research into art and the humanities. Rampley’s inquiry examines models of artistic development, the theories and development of aesthetic response, and ideas about brain processes underlying creative work. He considers the validity of the arguments put forward by advocates of evolutionary and neuroscientific analysis, as well as its value as a way of understanding art and culture. With the goal of bridging the divide between science and culture, Rampley advocates for wider recognition of the human motivations that drive inquiry of all types, and he argues that our engagement with art can never be encapsulated in a single notion of scientific knowledge. Engaging and compelling, The Seductions of Darwin is a rewarding look at the identity and development of art history and its complicated ties to the world of scientific thought.

Erz Hlen

Author: Matías Martínez
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476053644
Size: 63.10 MB
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Das Erzählen ist in allen Bereichen der Gesellschaft unentbehrlich, um etwas mitzuteilen, um auf andere einzuwirken, um Wirklichkeit zu erfassen. Seit dem vielberufenen "narrative turn" werden die faszinierenden Leistungen des Erzählens intensiv erforscht. Das Handbuch enthält rund fünfzig Beiträge von Experten aus mehr als zwanzig verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen und bietet erstmals in deutscher Sprache einen breiten Überblick über Medien, Funktionen, soziale Felder und psychologische Voraussetzungen des Erzählens von der Malerei bis zu Social Media, vom Tradieren bis zum Ratgeben, vom Journalismus bis zur Rechtsprechung, von der Entwicklung von Erzählkompetenz bis zu kognitionspsychologischen Aspekten.

Theatre And Evolution From Ibsen To Beckett

Author: Kirsten E. Shepherd-Barr
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538928
Size: 73.37 MB
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As early as the 1840s, playwrights incorporated evolutionary theory into their work, reacting to a scientific advancement that changed the world. This book follows evolutionary theory in mainstream European and American drama and other theatrical entertainments, including circus, pantomime, and the “missing link” show. It writes female playwrights into the theatrical record, as they explored biological determinism, gender essentialism, the maternal instinct, and the “cult of motherhood” in their work.

The Echo Maker

Author: Richard Powers
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 9780374706548
Size: 44.26 MB
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On a winter night on a remote Nebraska road, 27-year-old Mark Schluter flips his truck in a near-fatal accident. His older sister Karin, his only near kin, returns reluctantly to their hometown to nurse Mark back from a traumatic head injury. But when he emerges from a protracted coma, Mark believes that this woman–who looks, acts, and sounds just like his sister–is really an identical impostor. Shattered by her brother's refusal to recognize her, Karin contacts the cognitive neurologist Gerald Weber, famous for his case histories describing the infinitely bizarre worlds of brain disorder. Weber recognizes Mark as a rare case of Capgras Syndrome, a doubling delusion, and eagerly investigates. What he discovers in Mark slowly undermines even his own sense of being. Meanwhile, Mark, armed only with a note left by an anonymous witness, attempts to learn what happened the night of his inexplicable accident. The truth of that evening will change the lives of all three beyond recognition. Set against the Platte River's massive spring migrations–one of the greatest spectacles in nature–The Echo Maker is a gripping mystery that explores the improvised human self and the even more precarious brain that splits us from and joins us to the rest of creation. The Echo Maker is the winner of the 2006 National Book Award for Fiction.

Reading The Written Image

Author: Christopher Collins
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271007632
Size: 32.88 MB
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Reading the Written Image is a study of the imagination as it is prompted by the verbal cues of literature. Since every literary image is also a mental image, a representation of an absent entity, Collins contends that imagination is a poiesis, a making-up, an act of play for both author and reader. The &"willing suspension of disbelief,&" which Coleridge said &"constitutes poetic faith,&" therefore empowers and directs the reader to construct an imagined world in which particular hypotheses are proposed and demonstrated. Although the imagination as a central concept in poetics emerges into critical debate only in the eighteenth century, it has been a crucial issue for over two millennia in religious, philosophical, and political discourse. The two recognized alternative methodologies in the study of literature, the poetic and the hermeneutic, are opposed on the issue of the written image: poets and readers feel free to imagine, while hermeneuts feel obliged to specify the meanings of images and, failing that, to minimize the importance of imagery. Recognizing this problem, Collins proposes that reading written texts be regarded as a performance, a unique kind of play that transposes what had once been an oral-dramatic situation onto an inner, imaginary stage. He applies models drawn from the psychology of play to support his theory that reader response is essentially a poietic response to a rule-governed set of ludic cues.

The Poetics Of The Mind S Eye

Author: Christopher Collins
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812213607
Size: 42.32 MB
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The heart of this study consists of Collins's application of six "cognitive modes" of reading: perception, retrospection, assertion, introspection, expectation, and judgment. In addition, Collins considers the impact of the movement from oral to print-literate culture.