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The Other Mirror

Author: Miguel Angel Centeno
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691050171
Size: 42.92 MB
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If social science's "cultural turn" has taught us anything, it is that knowledge is constrained by the time and place in which it is produced. In response, scholars have begun to reassess social theory from the standpoints of groups and places outside of the European context upon which most grand theory is based. Here a distinguished group of scholars reevaluates widely accepted theories of state, property, race, and economics against Latin American experiences with a two-fold purpose. They seek to deepen our understanding of Latin America and the problems it faces. And, by testing social science paradigms against a broader variety of cases, they pursue a better and truly generalizable map of the social world. Bringing universal theory into dialogue with specific history, the contributors consider what forms Latin American variations of classical themes might take and which theories are most useful in describing Latin America. For example, the Argentinian experience reveals the limitations of neoclassical descriptions of economic development, but Charles Tilly's emphasis on the importance of war and collective action to statemaking holds up well when thoughtfully adapted to Latin American situations. Marxist structural analysis is problematic in a region where political divisions do not fully expresses class cleavages, but aspects of Karl Polanyi's socioeconomic theory cross borders with relative ease. This fresh theoretical discussion expands the scope of Latin American studies and social theory, bringing the two into an unprecedented conversation that will benefit both. Contributors are, in addition to the editors, Jeremy Adelman, Jorge I. Domínguez, Paul Gootenberg, Alan Knight, Robert M. Levine, Claudio Lomnitz, John Markoff, Verónica Montecinos, Steven C. Topik, and J. Samuel Valenzuela.

Dislocation And Resettlement In Development

Author: Anjan Chakrabarti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135255946
Size: 17.95 MB
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Challenging the more conventional approaches to dislocation and resettlement that are the usual focus of discussion on the topic, this book offers a unique theory of dislocation in the form of primitive accumulation. Interrogating the ‘reformist-managerial’ and ‘radical-movementist’ approaches, it historicizes and politicizes the event of dislocation as a moment to usher in capitalism through the medium of development. Such a framework offers alternative avenues to rethinking dislocation and resettlement, and indeed the very idea of development. Arguing that dislocation should not be seen as a necessary step towards achieving progress - as it is claimed in the development discourse - the authors show that dislocation emerges as a socio-political constituent of constructing capitalism. This book will be of interest to academics working on Development Studies, especially on issues relating to the political economy of development and globalization.

Is Fairtrade Fair

Author: E. Valiente-Riedl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113728451X
Size: 25.82 MB
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Evaluates the capacity of Fairtrade® labeling to enhance the livelihoods of marginalized producers in developing countries. It looks critically at the evolution of fair trade values and markets, including its somewhat controversial engagement with conventional businesses, and problematizes the role of the "ethical consumer."

Network Power

Author: David Singh Grewal
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 77.53 MB
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For all the attention globalization has received in recent years, little consensus has emerged concerning how best to understand it. For some, it is the happy product of free and rational choices; for others, it is the unfortunate outcome of impersonal forces beyond our control. It is in turn celebrated for the opportunities it affords and criticized for the inequalities in wealth and power it generates. David Singh Grewal’s remarkable and ambitious book draws on several centuries of political and social thought to show how globalization is best understood in terms of a power inherent in social relations, which he calls network power. Using this framework, he demonstrates how our standards of social coordination both gain in value the more they are used and undermine the viability of alternative forms of cooperation. A wide range of examples are discussed, from the spread of English and the gold standard to the success of Microsoft and the operation of the World Trade Organization, to illustrate how global standards arise and falter. The idea of network power supplies a coherent set of terms and concepts—applicable to individuals, businesses, and countries alike—through which we can describe the processes of globalization as both free and forced. The result is a sophisticated and novel account of how globalization, and politics, work.

A Critical Analysis Of The Contributions Of Notable Black Economists

Author: Kojo A. Quartey
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN:
Size: 19.21 MB
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This book introduces and critically analyzes the achievements of major black economists and their contributions to the realm of economic thought. Kojo Quartey's book provides an essential supplement to any economic history text.

Four Decades Of Transformation

Author: Tai-Chee Wong
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish International
ISBN: 9789812102706
Size: 80.67 MB
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Spatial modernization in Singapore is a shared outcome of modernism and developmentalism resulting from pursuits for economic survival in the post-independence era. Through state-led programs, land use transformation is seen by social and economic progress strongly associated with anti-traditional behaviors and social rationality, infused with political imperatives and convictions in improvements of material standards of living perceived as a symbol of good governance. Prevailing ideological thinking and economic priorities have influenced national leaders in plans of action and scope of change, reflected in the form of massive multinational investments, export-led market expansion, transfer of technology and workforce upgrading. In parallel, planning concepts available at the time have been responsible for the ways in which urban morphology changes. Areas investigated in spatial change are the central area, infrastructure, industries, housing and recreational space.