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Particle Filters For Random Set Models

Author: Branko Ristic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461463165
Size: 49.90 MB
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This book discusses state estimation of stochastic dynamic systems from noisy measurements, specifically sequential Bayesian estimation and nonlinear or stochastic filtering. The class of solutions presented in this book is based on the Monte Carlo statistical method. Although the resulting algorithms, known as particle filters, have been around for more than a decade, the recent theoretical developments of sequential Bayesian estimation in the framework of random set theory have provided new opportunities which are not widely known and are covered in this book. This book is ideal for graduate students, researchers, scientists and engineers interested in Bayesian estimation.

Beyond The Kalman Filter Particle Filters For Tracking Applications

Author: Branko Ristic
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 9781580538510
Size: 40.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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For most tracking applications the Kalman filter is reliable and efficient, but it is limited to a relatively restricted class of linear Gaussian problems. To solve problems beyond this restricted class, particle filters are proving to be dependable methods for stochastic dynamic estimation. Packed with 867 equations, this cutting-edge book introduces the latest advances in particle filter theory, discusses their relevance to defense surveillance systems, and examines defense-related applications of particle filters to nonlinear and non-Gaussian problems. With this hands-on guide, you can develop more accurate and reliable nonlinear filter designs and more precisely predict the performance of these designs. You can also apply particle filters to tracking a ballistic object, detection and tracking of stealthy targets, tracking through the blind Doppler zone, bi-static radar tracking, passive ranging (bearings-only tracking) of maneuvering targets, range-only tracking, terrain-aided tracking of ground vehicles, and group and extended object tracking.

Online Damage Detection In Structural Systems

Author: Saeed Eftekhar Azam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319025597
Size: 55.56 MB
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This monograph assesses in depth the application of recursive Bayesian filters in structural health monitoring. Although the methods and algorithms used here are well established in the field of automatic control, their application in the realm of civil engineering has to date been limited. The monograph is therefore intended as a reference for structural and civil engineers who wish to conduct research in this field. To this end, the main notions underlying the families of Kalman and particle filters are scrutinized through explanations within the text and numerous numerical examples. The main limitations to their application in monitoring of high-rise buildings are discussed and a remedy based on a synergy of reduced order modeling (based on proper orthogonal decomposition) and Bayesian estimation is proposed. The performance and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated via pseudo-experimental evaluations.

Bayesian Signal Processing

Author: James V. Candy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119125456
Size: 15.31 MB
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Presents the Bayesian approach to statistical signal processing for a variety of useful model sets This book aims to give readers a unified Bayesian treatment starting from the basics (Bayes’ rule) to the more advanced (Monte Carlo sampling), evolving to the next-generation model-based techniques (sequential Monte Carlo sampling). This next edition incorporates a new chapter on “Sequential Bayesian Detection,” a new section on “Ensemble Kalman Filters” as well as an expansion of Case Studies that detail Bayesian solutions for a variety of applications. These studies illustrate Bayesian approaches to real-world problems incorporating detailed particle filter designs, adaptive particle filters and sequential Bayesian detectors. In addition to these major developments a variety of sections are expanded to ``fill-in-the gaps" of the first edition. Here metrics for particle filter (PF) designs with emphasis on classical ``sanity testing" lead to ensemble techniques as a basic requirement for performance analysis. The expansion of information theoretic metrics and their application to PF designs is fully developed and applied. These expansions of the book have been updated to provide a more cohesive discussion of Bayesian processing with examples and applications enabling the comprehension of alternative approaches to solving estimation/detection problems. The second edition of Bayesian Signal Processing features: “Classical” Kalman filtering for linear, linearized, and nonlinear systems; “modern” unscented and ensemble Kalman filters; and the “next-generation” Bayesian particle filters Sequential Bayesian detection techniques incorporating model-based schemes for a variety of real-world problems Practical Bayesian processor designs including comprehensive methods of performance analysis ranging from simple sanity testing and ensemble techniques to sophisticated information metrics New case studies on adaptive particle filtering and sequential Bayesian detection are covered detailing more Bayesian approaches to applied problem solving MATLAB® notes at the end of each chapter help readers solve complex problems using readily available software commands and point out other software packages available Problem sets to test readers’ knowledge and help them put their new skills into practice Bayesian Signal Processing, Second Edition is written for all students, scientists, and engineers who investigate and apply signal processing to their everyday problems. JAMES V. CANDY, PhD, is Chief Scientist for Engineering, a Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff, founder, and former director of the Center for Advanced Signal & Image Sciences at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He is also an Adjunct Full Professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, a Fellow of the IEEE, and a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America. Dr. Candy has published more than 225 journal articles, book chapters, and technical reports. He is also the author of Signal Processing: Model-Based Approach, Signal Processing: A Modern Approach, and Model-Based Signal Processing (Wiley 2006). Dr. Candy was awarded the IEEE Distinguished Technical Achievement Award for his development of model-based signal processing and the Acoustical Society of America Helmholtz-Rayleigh Interdisciplinary Silver Medal for his contributions to acoustical signal processing and underwater acoustics.

Time Frequency Signal Analysis And Processing

Author: Boualem Boashash
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123985250
Size: 61.56 MB
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Time-Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing (TFSAP) is a collection of theory, techniques and algorithms used for the analysis and processing of non-stationary signals, as found in a wide range of applications including telecommunications, radar, and biomedical engineering. This book gives the university researcher and R&D engineer insights into how to use TFSAP methods to develop and implement the engineering application systems they require. New to this edition: New sections on Efficient and Fast Algorithms; a "Getting Started" chapter enabling readers to start using the algorithms on simulated and real examples with the TFSAP toolbox, compare the results with the ones presented in the book and then insert the algorithms in their own applications and adapt them as needed. Two new chapters and twenty three new sections, including updated references. New topics including: efficient algorithms for optimal TFDs (with source code), the enhanced spectrogram, time-frequency modelling, more mathematical foundations, the relationships between QTFDs and Wavelet Transforms, new advanced applications such as cognitive radio, watermarking, noise reduction in the time-frequency domain, algorithms for Time-Frequency Image Processing, and Time-Frequency applications in neuroscience (new chapter). A comprehensive tutorial introduction to Time-Frequency Signal Analysis and Processing (TFSAP), accessible to anyone who has taken a first course in signals Key advances in theory, methodology and algorithms, are concisely presented by some of the leading authorities on the respective topics Applications written by leading researchers showing how to use TFSAP methods

Current And Future Developments In Artificial Intelligence

Author: Faria Nassiri-Mofakham
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 168108502X
Size: 29.61 MB
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Intelligent Computational Systems presents current and future developments in intelligent computational systems in a multi-disciplinary context. Readers will learn about the pervasive and ubiquitous roles of artificial intelligence (AI) and gain a perspective about the need for intelligent systems to behave rationally when interacting with humans in complex and realistic domains. This reference covers widespread applications of AI discussed in 11 chapters which cover topics such as AI and behavioral simulations, AI schools, automated negotiation, language analysis and learning, financial prediction, sensor management, Multi-agent systems, and much more. This reference work is will assist researchers, advanced-level students and practitioners in information technology and computer science fields interested in the broad applications of AI.

Beyond The Kalman Filter Particle Filters For Tracking Applications

Author: Branko Ristic
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 9781580538510
Size: 71.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 4796
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For most tracking applications the Kalman filter is reliable and efficient, but it is limited to a relatively restricted class of linear Gaussian problems. To solve problems beyond this restricted class, particle filters are proving to be dependable methods for stochastic dynamic estimation. Packed with 867 equations, this cutting-edge book introduces the latest advances in particle filter theory, discusses their relevance to defense surveillance systems, and examines defense-related applications of particle filters to nonlinear and non-Gaussian problems. With this hands-on guide, you can develop more accurate and reliable nonlinear filter designs and more precisely predict the performance of these designs. You can also apply particle filters to tracking a ballistic object, detection and tracking of stealthy targets, tracking through the blind Doppler zone, bi-static radar tracking, passive ranging (bearings-only tracking) of maneuvering targets, range-only tracking, terrain-aided tracking of ground vehicles, and group and extended object tracking.

Econometric Models For Industrial Organization

Author: Shum Matthew
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981310967X
Size: 45.63 MB
Format: PDF
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Economic Models for Industrial Organization focuses on the specification and estimation of econometric models for research in industrial organization. In recent decades, empirical work in industrial organization has moved towards dynamic and equilibrium models, involving econometric methods which have features distinct from those used in other areas of applied economics. These lecture notes, aimed for a first or second-year PhD course, motivate and explain these econometric methods, starting from simple models and building to models with the complexity observed in typical research papers. The covered topics include discrete-choice demand analysis, models of dynamic behavior and dynamic games, multiple equilibria in entry games and partial identification, and auction models.

Progress In Pattern Recognition Image Analysis Computer Vision And Applications

Author: Marcelo Mendoza
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331975193X
Size: 44.62 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 22nd Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2017, held in Valparaíso, Chile, in November 2017. The 87 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 156 submissions. The papers feature research results in the areas of pattern recognition, image processing, computer vision, multimedia and related fields.