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Particle Physics And Inflationary Cosmology

Author: Carol C. Linder
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9783718604906
Size: 71.58 MB
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A monograph on inflationary cosmology and cosmological phase transitions, investigating modern cosmology's relationship to elementary particle physics. This work also includes a non-technical discussion of inflationary cosmology for those unfamiliar with the theory.

Primordial Cosmology

Author: Giovanni Montani
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814271004
Size: 80.49 MB
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Primordial Cosmology deals with one of the most puzzling and fascinating topics debated in modern physics - the nature of the Big Bang singularity. The authors provide a self-consistent and complete treatment of the very early Universe dynamics, passing through a concise discussion of the Standard Cosmological Model, a precise characterization of the role played by the theory of inflation, up to a detailed analysis of the anisotropic and inhomogeneous cosmological models. The most peculiar feature of this book is its uniqueness in treating advanced topics of quantum cosmology with a well-traced link to more canonical and pedagogical notions of fundamental cosmology. This book traces clearly the backward temporal evolution of the Universe, starting with the Robertsonndash;Walker geometry and ending with the recent results of loop quantum cosmology in view of the Big Bounce. The reader is accompanied in this journey by an initial technical presentation which, thanks to the fundamental tools given earlier in the book, never seems heavy or obscure.

Particle And Astroparticle Physics Gravitation And Cosmology Predictions Observations And New Projects

Author: Vladimir Alexeevich Petrov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814689319
Size: 31.44 MB
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This unique volume captures the content of the XXXth International Workshop on High Energy Physics. The scope of this volume is much wider than just high-energy physics; it actually concerns and includes materials from all the most fundamental areas of modern physics research: high-energy physics proper, gravitation and cosmology. Presentations embrace both theory and experiment. Contents:Search for the Higgs Boson at LEP and at LHC (Dezső Horváth)Standard Model Physics Results from ATLAS and CMS (Milos Dordevic)Top Quark Physics in ATLAS (Carolina Gabaldon)Panel Discussion I: Higgs Boson and Related Topics (Dmitri Kazakov, Dezso Horvath, Lydia Roos, Milos Dordevic, Yury Kolomensky and Maxim Titov)SUSY Searches at CMS (Pedrame Bargassa)Exotica Searches (Daniel Teyssier)SUSY and Exotica Searches in ATLAS (R Stamen)Rare Decays at the LHCb Experiment (L Pescatore)Electroweak Processes in Laser-Boosted Lepton Collisions (S J Müller, C H Keitel and C Müller)Backgrounds and Calorimetry at Future Linear e+e- Colliders (O Markin)Status of Fast Interaction Trigger for ALICE Upgrade (T L Karavicheva, A B Kurepin and W H Trzaska)TOTEM Results on Elastic Scattering and Total Cross-Section (Jan Kašpar)Diffractive Physics with ATLAS (A Sidoti)Diffraction Physics with ALICE at the LHC (Sergey Evdokimov)Low x and Diffraction at HERA (Alice Valkárová)Vector Meson Production in Ultra-Peripheral Collisions at the LHC (L Jenkovszky, A Salii and V Libov)The Interaction Region of High Energy Protons (I M Dremin)Panel Discussion II: Diffraction (Vladimir Petrov, Johan Blouw, Igor Dremin, Jan Kaspar, Antonio Sidoti and Alice Valkarova)QCD Results from ATLAS and CMS (M Leyton)Perturbative QCD at HERA (L K Gladilin)Probing the QCD Phase Boundary with Fluctuations of Conserved Charges (Kenji Morita)Exotic Hadron States (Wei Chen, J Ho, T G Steele, R T Kleiv, B Bulthuis, D Harnett, T Richards and Shi-Lin Zhu)Recent Results of the BES-III Experiment (Yury Nefedov)Baryon Spectroscopy from the Analysis of the Meson Photoproduction Data (A V Sarantsev)Panel Discussion III: Heavy Quarks and Hadron Spectroscopy (Yury Khokhlov, Wei Chen, Andrey Sarantsev, Anatoly Likhoded, Yury Nefedov and Yury Kolomensky)How Far Can a Pragmatist Go into Quantum Theory? A Critical View of Our Current Understanding of Quantum Phenomena (A S Sanz)Half a Century with QUARKS (A Superficial Review) (V A Petrov)Direct Photon and Neutral Pion Production in pp and Pb–Pb Collisions Measured with the ALICE Experiment at LHC (D Peressounko)Strongly Interacting Matter at RHIC: Experimental Highlights (V A Okorokov)Suppression of high pT Hadrons at Midrapidity in Central Heavy Ion Collisions from PHENIX (V Bumazhnov)Origin of Temperature of Quark-Gluon Plasma in Heavy Ion Collisions (Xiao-Ming Xu)Panel Discussion IV: Phenomena in Heavy Ion Collisions (Serguei Sadovsky, Johan Blouw, Vitaly Okorokov, Vladimir Bumazhnov, Xiao-Ming Xu and Dmitri Peresunko)CP Violation Measurements at the LHCb Experiment (L Pescatore)Physics at Belle Experiment (M M Shapkin)Nonzero θ13 and CP Violation from Broken μ – τ Symmetry with m1 = 0 (Asan Damanik)The Hyper-Kamiokande Project (Akira Konaka)Supernova Detection at Super-Kamiokande (M Ikeda)Recent Results of OPERA: Search for νμ → ντ Oscillations (T Omura)Search for νμ → νe Oscillations with the OPERA Experiment (S G Zemskova)Search for Heavy Neutrino in the K+ → μ+νH Decay (A T Shaikhiev)NOνA Neutrino Experiment (Filip Jediny)The Flavor Ratio of the TeV-PeV Neutrinos in IceCube (Sergio Palomares-Ruiz)Panel Discussion V: Neutrino Physics (Vladimir Obraztsov, Akira Konaka, Motoyasu Ikeda, Filip Jediny, Evgeny Shirokov, Oleg Kalekin and Sergio Palomares-Ruiz)The Pierre Auger Observatory: Latest Results and Future Prospects (F Arqueros)Measurement of the Muon Content of EAS with the Pierre Auger Observatory (J C Espadanal)Cosmic-Ray Research with AMS-02 on the International Space Station (H Gast)Panel Discussion VI: Cosmic Rays (Alexander Kisselev, Fernando Arqueros, Henning Gast and Vladimir Solovov)Paradoxes of the Cosmological Physics in the Beginning of the 21-st Century (Yu V Baryshev)On the Average Thermal Evolution of the Universe (Natacha Leite and Alex H Blin)Strong Thermal Leptogenesis: An Exploded View of the Low Energy Neutrino Parameters in the SO(10)-Inspired Model (Luca Marzola)Gravidynamics (Scalar-Tensor Gravitation) and the Observed Discrete Mass Spectrum of Compact Stellar Remnants in Close Binary Systems (V V Sokolov)Cosmological Consequences of the Relativistic Theory of Gravitation (Yu V Chugreev and K A Modestov)B-Mode in CMB Polarization. What's That and Why It is Interesting (A D Dolgov)Panel Discussion VII: Cosmology (Valery Kiselev, Yuri Baryshev, Alex H Blin, Luca Marzola, Alexander Dolgov and Vladimir Sokolov) Readership: Advanced undergraduates and graduate students, and physicists working in the field of high energy physics. Keywords:Higgs Boson;Quark–Gluon Plasma;Neutrino in Labs and the Cosmos;Cosmology;Dark Matter;Heavy Quarks;Hadron Spectroscopy;Cosmic Rays

The Launching Of La Belle Epoque Of High Energy Physics And Cosmology

Author: Thomas Curtright
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814480754
Size: 27.34 MB
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Recent experimental results with direct bearing on theories of cosmological dark matter/energy, as well as continuing work on neutrino masses and mixing, have invigorated both particle physics and cosmology, and should continue to do so well into the 21st century, thereby launching a beautiful new epoch for these fields. The expert contributions from this conference took stock of these developments. This volume contains papers by over 40 physicists that summarize and interpret the newest findings, and suggest future avenues to be explored. A number of new theoretical ideas are also presented, dealing with progress in understanding the dynamics and symmetries of strings and branes, renormalization in quantum field theory, possible Lorentz violation effects, and related problems. Ongoing and next generation gravitational and neutrino experiments are described, and the issues of unification are dealt with in the context of, and beyond, the standard model. Together, the contributions provide a useful blend of experimental and theoretical physics from many prominent physicists, including three Nobel Laureates. The volume also contains information of an historical nature, concerning the contributions to physics by Paul Frampton, on the occasion of his 60th year, and summarizing the career of Behram Kursunoglu (1922–2003). Contents:Frampton Festschrift Contributions:Glueballs and the Universal Energy Spectrum of Tight Knots and Links (R V Buniy & T W Kephart)Proton Decay, Neutrino Oscillations, etc. … from IMB, Through Super-K & Antares (L R Sulak)Renormalization Without Infinities (G 't Hooft)Problems and Difficulties in Standard Model and Gravitation (M Veltman)Astrophysics and Cosmology:Direct Determinations of the Redshift Behavior of the Pressure, Energy Density, and Equation of State of the Dark Energy and the Acceleration of the Universe (R A Daly & S G Djorgovski)Cosmolgy with Clusters of Galaxies (M Donahue)Pulsar Kicks and Dark Matter from a Sterile Neutrino (A Kusenko)Cosmic Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics (T J Weiler)Lepton Experiments:Limits on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment Using 1496 Days of Super-Kamiokande-I Solar Neutrino Data (D W Liu)Precision Measurement of the Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon (J M Paley)Neutrino Experiments with Super-Kamiokande (M B Smy)Measurement of sin22θ13 by Reactor Experiments and Its Sensitivity (O Yasuda)Neutrino Theory:Neutrinos, Lepton Flavor, and CP Violation in a Predictive SO(10) Model (B Dutta et al.)Tracing Very High Energy Tau Neutrinos from Cosmological Sources in Ice (J Jones et al.)Chasing CHOOZ (P Ramond)Lorentz Violation, Field Theory and Branes:New Implications of Lorentz Violation (D Colladay)Hidden Symmetries in M-Theory (M J Duff)Soft Breaking in SUSY, String, and Intersecting D Brane Models (P Nath)Kursunoglu Memorial Tributes:Memorial Session for Behram Kursunoglu (P Frampton)The Work of Behram Kursunoglu (P D Mannheim)other papers Readership: Graduate students and researchers in physics, astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology, as well as historians of science. Keywords:Particle Physics;Neutrinos;Cosmology;Dark Energy;Dark Matter;Renormalization;Lorentz Violation;Strings and Branes

Physics And Contemporary Needs

Author: Riazuddin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468424270
Size: 45.50 MB
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Even in this age of information explosion, Seminars and Symposia have an importance of their own, particularly in countries which are scientifically and geographically remote from active centres of learning. Our scientists suffer this isolation very acutely; the Cow~ission recognises this problem and has endeavoured to solve it through organisation of meetings and conferences in Pakistan to which international specialists in different fields are invited to share their experience with colleagues in Pakistan. We find that the personal encounter and human touch still remain one of the most effective methods of transferring and sharing scientific knowledge. The International Summer College at Nathiagali held in August, 1976, also grew out of our need to communicate with each other and to identify promising areas of development relevant to the needs of a developing country. In the implementation of this idea, the Pakis tan Atomic Energy Commission received support from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste and from the Swedish Inter national Development Authority which is gratefully acknowledged.