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Particles At Interfaces

Author: Zbigniew Adamczyk
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080464955
Size: 36.40 MB
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Particles at Interfaces presents recent developments in this growing field and is devoted entirely to the subject of particle transport, deposition and structuring on boundary surfaces. The complex problems which have been studied include concentrated systems of polydisperse and non-spherical particles, bio-particles such as DNA fragments, proteins, viruses, bacteria, cells, polymers, etc. These complex structures undergo transformations under the action of surface forces. Particles at Interfaces provides readily accessible reference data and equations for estimating basic effects, and is mainly addressed to students and young scientists. Consequently, most approaches are of a phenomenological nature, enabling one to derive concrete expressions which describe the basic physics of the problem under consideration. To facilitate access to the information contained in the book most of the relevant formulae and results are compiled in Tables, accompanied with appropriate diagrams. The math is limited to the necessary minimum with emphasis on the physics of the phenomena, defining why they occur, what the kinetics of the processes and the practical implications are. Fill a substantial gap in the subject of particle transport, deposition and structuring on boundary surfaces Combines traditional theories of electrostatics, hydrodynamics and transport with new approaches Provides readily accessible reference data and equations for estimating basic effects

Self Assembly Processes At Interfaces

Author: Vincent Ball
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128019727
Size: 14.33 MB
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Self-Assembly Processes at Interfaces: Multiscale Phenomena provides the conceptual and unifying view of adsorption, self-assembly, and grafting processes at solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces, also describing experimental methods where applicable. An invaluable resource for (post)-graduate students looking to bridge the gap between acquiring the field’s existing knowledge and the creation of new insights, the book recalls fundamental concepts, giving rigorous, but first-principle-based, calculations and exercises, and showing how these concepts have been used in recent research articles. Readers will find guidelines on how best to start research in the field of surface chemistry with biological macromolecules and molecules able to undergo self-assembly process at interfaces in the presence of a liquid, along with discussions on the very fundamental aspects and applications using concepts of biomimetic chemistry. By highlighting the interdisciplinary aspects of the field of self-assembly at interfaces, the book is an ideal resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists. In addition, important equations are demonstrated on the basis of fundamental concepts, and overly complex mathematical developments are avoided. Presents an interdisciplinary work that is ideal for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists Provides a unifying view of the field, from fundamentals, to methods and applications Includes concepts applicable at both solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces

Surface Complexation Modelling

Author: Johannes Lutzenkirchen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080467788
Size: 49.57 MB
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Surface Complexation Modelling deals with various aspects associate to the modelling of solutes adsorption from of solutes from aqueous solutions to minerals. The individual contributions cover fundamental aspects and applications. Applications cover case studies and present consistent surface complexation parameter sets. The model approaches range from simplistic to mechanistic. More fundamental contributions address underlying phenomena or stress the opportunities of modern computational methods. Several mineral systems are covered, including goethite, gibbsite, clay minerals etc. Surface Complexation Modelling presents the state-of-the-art of surface complexation modelling and suggests ideas for further model development. A number of chapters are authored by scientists working on nuclear waste storage, where the retention of radionuclides contributes to preventing radionuclide migration from the repository to the biosphere. Other contributions come from soil and environmental chemists with an interest in reactive transport of pollutants in soils or aquifers. Covering a wide range of disciplines Bringing together contributions from experts in the field Providing a balance between the theoretical and applied aspects

Graphene Surfaces

Author: Karim Kakaei
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128145242
Size: 72.73 MB
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Graphene Surfaces: Particles and Catalysts focuses on the surface chemistry and modification of graphene and its derivatives from a theoretical and electrochemical point-of-view. It provides a comprehensive overview of their electronic structure, synthesis, properties and general applications in catalysis science, including their relevance in alcohols and their derivatives oxidation, oxygen reduction, hydrogen evolution, energy storage, corrosion protection and supercapacitors. The book also covers emerging research on graphene chemistry and its impact. Chemical engineers, materials scientists, electrochemists and engineers will find information that will answer their most pressing questions on the surface aspects of graphene and its effect on catalysis. Serves as a time-saving reference for researchers, graduated students and chemical engineers Equips the reader with catalysis knowledge for practical applications Discusses the physical and electrochemical properties of graphene Provides the most important applications of graphene in electrochemical systems Highlights both experimental and theoretical aspects of graphene

Macromolecules In Solution And Brownian Relativity

Author: Stefano A. Mezzasalma
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN:
Size: 66.21 MB
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This book illustrates the recent picture of statistical physics of polymers and polymer solutions that emerges from some paradigms of contemporary science joint together. Among its principal aims are discussing the consequences of a novel self-diffusion theory, which benefits from an extension towards relativistic-like principles, and the generalization of usual concepts met in polymer science in terms of geometry alone. The monograph gives the whole fundamentals necessary to handle the view proposed, which is set in the final chapters. All the formers see about to provide the reader with a comprehensive treatation of the necessary fundamentals of classical, relativistic, quantum and statistical mechanics. Among the most important mechanical theories ever developed, a chapter on the Brownian movement and another on macromolecules prepare the ground that is specific to face universality and scaling behaviors in polymer solutions. The scope of the book is therefore two-fold: On the one hand, it wishes to involve the readers and scholars into a new research on polymer physics and chemistry. On the other, to get close chemical physicists and physical chemists to disciplines which, traditionally, are far from their direct fields of interest. Cross-disciplinarity Novelty Potentiality

Chemistry On Modified Oxide And Phosphate Surfaces

Author: Robson Fernandes de Farias
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN:
Size: 50.57 MB
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This title in the authoritative Interface Science and Technology Series presents the key features and applications of modified oxide and phosphate surfaces. * Examines both basic and applied aspects * Incorporates examples from recent publications

Frontiers In Surface Science And Interface Science

Author: E. Ward Plummer
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444510419
Size: 33.56 MB
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Any notion that surface science is all about semiconductors and coatings is laid to rest by this encyclopedic publication: Bioengineered interfaces in medicine, interstellar dust, DNA computation, conducting polymers, the surfaces of atomic nuclei - all are brought up to date. Frontiers in Surface and Interface Science - a milestone publication deserving a wide readership. It combines a sweeping expert survey of research today with an educated look into the future. It is a future that embraces surface phenomena on scales from the subatomic to the galactic, as well as traditional topics like semiconductor design, catalysis, and surface processing, modeling and characterization. And, great efforts have been made to express sophisticated ideas in an attractive and accessible way. Nanotechnology, surfaces for DNA computation, polymer-based electronics, soft surfaces, interstellar surface chemistry - all feature in this comprehensive collection.

Science And Technology In Catalysis 2002

Author: Masakazu Anpo
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444513496
Size: 47.29 MB
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(Selected) -- Plenary Lecures: New Catalysts for Controlled/Living Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP; Catalysis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles -- Oral Presentations: Ionic Liquids as New Solvents and Catalysis for Petrochemical and Refining Processes; High Throughput Experiment on the Investigation of Oxidation Catalysts with Gas Sensor System -- Poster Presentations: Development of a Low-Temperature Dioxin Decomposition Catalyst; Studies on Unique Properties of Polyolefins Prepared with Metallocene Catalyst Systems -- Index.

Environmental Nanotechnology Applications And Impacts Of Nanomaterials Second Edition

Author: Mark Wiesner
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071828451
Size: 46.91 MB
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Extensively revised and featuring new material, this timely, advanced resource covers the impacts of nanomaterials on organisms and ecosystems and their applications within industry. Cowritten by leaders of two of the most prominent research groups in the world considering the effects of nanomaterials on the environment, the second edition of Environmental Nanotechnology addresses the cutting-edge advances in this area. There is now much more known about the impacts of nanomaterials on organisms and ecosystems. Methods have been developed where there were few accepted procedures in the past. Thinking has evolved to consider the life cycle effects of nanomaterial production, and tools for risk forecasting are now under development. There has also been some experience among academics in using this book as the basis for new courses on Environmental Nanotechnology. Three new chapters cover the life cycle of nanomaterial fabrication and use and estimating nanomaterial exposure in the environment. A systematic discussion of the effects of nanomaterials on organisms and ecosystems is included, where the previous edition was largely limited to speculation. Features 75% new material New chapter on the life cycle aspects of nanomaterial fabrication and use Two new chapters on estimating nanomaterial exposure in the environment: implications that explore nanotoxicology; exposure estimation Contains end-of-chapter problems and questions