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Party Leaders In The United States Congress 1789 2009

Author: Valerie Heitshusen
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 143793854X
Size: 61.24 MB
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Briefly describes current responsibilities and selection mechanisms for 15 House and Senate party leadership posts and provides tables with historical data, including service dates, party affiliation, and other information for each. Although party divisions appeared almost from the First Congress, the formally structured party leadership organizations now taken for granted are a relatively modern development. Constitutionally-specified leaders, namely the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate, can be identified since the first Congress. Other leadership posts, however, were not formally recognized until about the middle of the 19th century, and some are 20th century creations. Bibliography. Tables. A print on demand report.

The American Senate

Author: Neil MacNeil
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199339570
Size: 38.95 MB
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Winner of the Society for History in the Federal Government's George Pendleton Prize for 2013 The United States Senate has fallen on hard times. Once known as the greatest deliberative body in the world, it now has a reputation as a partisan, dysfunctional chamber. What happened to the house that forged American history's great compromises? In this groundbreaking work, a distinguished journalist and an eminent historian provide an insider's history of the United States Senate. Richard A. Baker, historian emeritus of the Senate, and the late Neil MacNeil, former chief congressional correspondent for Time magazine, integrate nearly a century of combined experience on Capitol Hill with deep research and state-of-the-art scholarship. They explore the Senate's historical evolution with one eye on persistent structural pressures and the other on recent transformations. Here, for example, are the Senate's struggles with the presidency--from George Washington's first, disastrous visit to the chamber on August 22, 1789, through now-forgotten conflicts with Presidents Garfield and Cleveland, to current war powers disputes. The authors also explore the Senate's potent investigative power, and show how it began with an inquiry into John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859. It took flight with committees on the conduct of the Civil War, Reconstruction, and World War II; and it gained a high profile with Joseph McCarthy's rampage against communism, Estes Kefauver's organized-crime hearings (the first to be broadcast), and its Watergate investigation. Within the book are surprises as well. For example, the office of majority leader first acquired real power in 1952--not with Lyndon Johnson, but with Republican Robert Taft. Johnson accelerated the trend, tampering with the sacred principle of seniority in order to control issues such as committee assignments. Rampant filibustering, the authors find, was the ironic result of the passage of 1960s civil rights legislation. No longer stigmatized as a white-supremacist tool, its use became routine, especially as the Senate became more partisan in the 1970s. Thoughtful and incisive, The American Senate: An Insider's History transforms our understanding of Congress's upper house.

Women In The United States Congress

Author: Jennifer E. Manning
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437983375
Size: 32.53 MB
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This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 274 women who have served in Congress. Contents: Introduction; Historical Overview of Women in Congress; Women in Congress as Compared with Women in Other Legislative Bodies; Female Firsts in Congress; Length of Service; How Women Enter Congress; Women Who Have Served In Both Houses; Women in Leadership Positions; African American Women in Congress; Asian American Women in Congress; Hispanic Women in Congress. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.

Congressional Record Bound Volumes Volume 153

Author: Congress
Publisher: Congress
ISBN: 9780160912443
Size: 71.22 MB
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The Congressional Record contains the proceedings and debates of each Congressional session in the House of Representatives and the Senate. Arranged in calendar order, each volume includes the exact text of everything that was said and includes members' remarks.

Empire Of Liberty

Author: Gordon S. Wood
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199741090
Size: 80.61 MB
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The Oxford History of the United States is by far the most respected multi-volume history of our nation. The series includes three Pulitzer Prize winners, two New York Times bestsellers, and winners of the Bancroft and Parkman Prizes. Now, in the newest volume in the series, one of America's most esteemed historians, Gordon S. Wood, offers a brilliant account of the early American Republic, ranging from 1789 and the beginning of the national government to the end of the War of 1812. As Wood reveals, the period was marked by tumultuous change in all aspects of American life--in politics, society, economy, and culture. The men who founded the new government had high hopes for the future, but few of their hopes and dreams worked out quite as they expected. They hated political parties but parties nonetheless emerged. Some wanted the United States to become a great fiscal-military state like those of Britain and France; others wanted the country to remain a rural agricultural state very different from the European states. Instead, by 1815 the United States became something neither group anticipated. Many leaders expected American culture to flourish and surpass that of Europe; instead it became popularized and vulgarized. The leaders also hope to see the end of slavery; instead, despite the release of many slaves and the end of slavery in the North, slavery was stronger in 1815 than it had been in 1789. Many wanted to avoid entanglements with Europe, but instead the country became involved in Europe's wars and ended up waging another war with the former mother country. Still, with a new generation emerging by 1815, most Americans were confident and optimistic about the future of their country. Named a New York Times Notable Book, Empire of Liberty offers a marvelous account of this pivotal era when America took its first unsteady steps as a new and rapidly expanding nation.

Strategic Party Government

Author: Gregory Koger
Publisher: Chicago Studies in American Po
ISBN: 9780226424606
Size: 21.45 MB
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Why is Congress partisan and stalemated? The conventional answer is that members of Congress represent constituencies that are increasingly polarized from each other. Greg Koger and Matt Lebow point to a different explanation, one which is not rooted in increased ideological differences but in increased competitiveness between the two parties. As the Tea Party faction of the Republican Party demonstrates, even in our polarized era there is actually a significant amount of disagreement within each party on major policy questions. What, at bottom, is the reason to unite in a party? To win elections. And the authors contend that competition for electoral gain is a central and underappreciated force behind the partisanship we are currently experiencing. In order to avoid losing legislative battles, legislators will unite behind strong party leaders even when they may not totally agree with the policies their party is advocating. They do so in the belief that party leaders and voters will reward them for winning, or at least trying to win, these legislative contests. In other words, Koger and Lebo s book explains the strategic behavior of political parties in the US Congress, both in the House and Senate, from the founding to the present. Taking parts of the political process that have previously been considered separately, their book deftly links the behavior of individual voters with Congressional elections, elections with legislative behavior, and behavior with a theory of party strategy that ties these different elements together. A distinctive and fresh reinterpretation of Congress grounded in imaginative research, Strategic Party Government is certain to reset the agenda for legislative studies."

Brokers Voters And Clientelism

Author: Susan C. Stokes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107042208
Size: 13.83 MB
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Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism studies distributive politics: how parties and governments use material resources to win elections. The authors develop a theory that explains why loyal supporters, rather than swing voters, tend to benefit from pork-barrel politics; why poverty encourages clientelism and vote buying; and why redistribution and voter participation do not justify non-programmatic distribution.

The Complete Idiot S Guide To U S Government And Politics

Author: Franco Scardino
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781592578535
Size: 65.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Presents an introduction to American government and politics, discussing such topics as the responsibilities of each branch of government, the Constitution, political parties, and how economic, foreign, and defense policies are formulated.