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Pastoralism And Common Pool Resources

Author: Sandagsuren Undargaa
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317537920
Size: 34.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The grazing of animals on common land and associated property rights were the original basis of the concept of "the tragedy of the commons". Drawing on the classic work of Elinor Ostrom and the readings of political ecology, this book questions the application of exclusive property rights to mobile pastoralism and rangeland resource governance. It argues that this approach inadequately represents property relations in the context of Mongolian pastoralism. The author presents an in-depth exploration and analysis of mobile pastoral production and resource management in Mongolia. The country is widely considered to be a prime example of successful and resilient common pool resource management, but now faces a dilemma as policy advocates attempt to adjust historical pastoralism to a modern property regime framework. The book strengthens understanding of the complex and multilateral considerations involved in natural resource governance and management in a mobile pastoralist context. It considers the implications for common pool resource management and pastoral societies in Africa, Russia and China and includes recommendations for formulating national policy.

Restoring Community Connections To The Land

Author: María E. Fernández-Giménez
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845938941
Size: 11.61 MB
Format: PDF
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The rangelands of China and Mongolia encompass diverse landscapes of global environmental and cultural significance. Pastoralists in these two nations share much common history and tradition, including their nomadic heritage and twin eras of collectivized production under different centrally planned socialist regimes. This unique collection of case studies describes the change, loss, re-emergence and resilience of seven herder communities located in distinct socio-ecological settings ranging from the Gobi desert of Mongolia to the Tibetan Plateau regions of China's Sichuan and Gansu Provinces. Useful for policy makers within international development and conservation policy, this book is also of interest for researchers and students of rural economics and agriculture.

Common Wealth

Author: Michael Hardt
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593391694
Size: 36.40 MB
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In der momentanen Krise wächst das gesellschaftliche Unbehagen am Kapitalismus. Viele Menschen fragen jetzt nach einer menschlicheren Alternative des Zusammenlebens. Eine Gesellschaft jenseits von Maximen wie Profit, Konkurrenz und Besitzdenken - ist das möglich? Michael Hardt und Antonio Negri, Autoren des Bestsellers äEmpireä, entwickeln in ihrem neuen grossen Werk einen provozierend optimistischen Gesellschaftsentwurf. Dieser beruht nicht mehr auf dem neoliberalen Gegensatz von Privatbesitz und öffentlichem Eigentum, sondern auf der Idee des Gemeinsamen (äcommonä). Ressourcen wie Wasser, Luft und Pflanzen und immaterielle Güter wie Wissen und Information gehören uns allen. Wenn wir sie teilen, wird der Weg frei für eine gerechtere Gesellschaft, an der alle partizipieren können. Im Streit um das politische Profil des 21. Jahrhunderts bieten die Autoren ein zentrales Gegengewicht zu all jenen, die uns weismachen wollen, dass die derzeitige Politik- und Wirtschaftsform die einzig mögliche sei.