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Paths Of Innovation

Author: David C. Mowery
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521646536
Size: 26.81 MB
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This highly accessible treatment examines the sources, structure, and economic effects of technological innovation in the twentieth-century US economy.

Paths Of Innovation

Author: David C. Mowery
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521641197
Size: 74.84 MB
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The first digital electronic computer, the ENIAC, was over 100 feet long, with 18,000 simultaneously functioning vacuum tubes. Now virtually every business and home in America has its own compact PC. In 1903 the Wright brothers' airplane, held together with baling wire and glue, traveled a couple hundred yards. Today fleets of streamlined jets transport millions of people per day to cities worldwide. Between discovery and application, between invention and widespread use, there is a world of innovation, of tinkering and improvements and adaptations. This is the world David Mowery and Nathan Rosenberg map out in Paths of Innovation, a tour of the intersecting routes of the technological.

Exploring The Black Box

Author: Nathan Rosenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459556
Size: 37.61 MB
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This book presents a unique account of how technological change is generated and the processes by which improved technologies are introduced into economic activity. The central theme of the book is the idea that technological changes are often "path dependent": their form and direction tend to be influenced strongly by the particular sequence of earlier events out of which a new technology has emerged. Individual chapters explore the particular features of new technologies in different historical and sectoral contexts.

Innovationsgesellschaft Heute

Author: Werner Rammert
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658108746
Size: 58.81 MB
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Innovation als dauerhafte kreative Anstrengung und systematische Durchsetzung des Neuen gilt als Kerninstitution moderner Wirtschaft. Gegenwärtig beobachten wir eine Ausweitung auf alle Felder, Arten und Phasen der Innovation: Innovationsprozesse – so die These – werden zunehmend reflexiv im Lichte von Informationen über Innovationen gesehen, breiter verteilt von mehr Akteuren und heterogenen Instanzen gestaltet und situativ orientiert an wechselnden und gemischten Leitreferenzen vollzogen. Reflexive Innovation in diesem Sinne wird zur treibenden Kraft der Innovationsgesellschaft. Die Beiträge wurden von Antragstellern, Gästen und Gutachtern des DFG-Graduiertenkollegs „Innovationsgesellschaft heute: Die reflexive Herstellung des Neuen“ verfasst.

American Corporate Economy

Author: William Lazonick
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415186117
Size: 18.37 MB
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The readings collected in these four volumes examine the evolution, operation, and performance of the American corporate enterprise, and the American corporate economy more generally. Divided into seven sections, many of the readings provide broad overviews of the evolution of the US corporate enterprise, while others contribute to debates on its role in the evolution of American economy and society. The material is arranged thematically to help the reader navigate the field. There is also a new introduction and a thorough index, making this set an invaluable resource for both academics and practitioners in the field.

Entrepreneurial Knowledge Technology And The Transformation Of Regions

Author: Charlie Karlsson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135055904
Size: 16.85 MB
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In recent years, policy makers have given much credence to the role of entrepreneurship in the transformation of regions. As a result, a new set of policy responses have emerged that focus on the support of new venture creation, small business growth and idea generation and commercialization. While there is a wealth of research about entrepreneurship in general, less attention has been given to the development of new tools and programs in support of entrepreneurial activities, and to the ways in which the emergence, the character and the types of entrepreneurship policies might differ between countries. In particular, the transatlantic perspective is of special interest because of the pioneering role of the United States in this area, and also due to the European Union's focus on economic competitiveness. The contributions included in this book explore the emergence of entrepreneurship policies from a transatlantic comparative perspective and address different aspects of entrepreneurship policies including local entrepreneurship policies and the relationship between knowledge-based industries and entrepreneurship policies.

American Military Technology

Author: Barton C. Hacker
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313333088
Size: 18.20 MB
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How have Americans made war? This volume provides a concise history of the science and technology of American military might.

The Small Business Innovation Research Program

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309171489
Size: 26.80 MB
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In 1992, Congress for the first time explicitly directed the federal agencies making SBIR grants to use commercial potential as a criterion for granting SBIR awards. In response, the Department of Defense developed the SBIR Fast Track initiative, which provides expedited decision-making for SBIR awards to companies that have commitments from outside vendors. To verify the effectiveness of this initiative, the DoD asked the STEP Board to assess the operation of Fast Track. This volume of original field research includes case studies comparing Fast Track and non-Fast Track firms, a large survey of SBIR awardees, and statistical analyses of the impact of regular SBIR and Fast Track awards. Collectively, the commissioned papers and the findings and recommendations represent a significant contribution to our understanding of the SBIR program.

Research Teams And Partnerships

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309172295
Size: 40.68 MB
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The third workshop of the Chemical Sciences Roundtable, Research Teams and Partnerships was held in Irvine, California, on May 2-3, 1999. The presentations and discussions at the workshop considered the current status of research partnerships in the chemical sciences and methods to improve the ability to form and maximize such collaborations. This volume presents the results of that workshop.