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Paths Of Innovation

Author: David C. Mowery
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521646536
Size: 73.26 MB
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This highly accessible treatment examines the sources, structure, and economic effects of technological innovation in the twentieth-century US economy.

Exploring The Black Box

Author: Nathan Rosenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459556
Size: 24.50 MB
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This book presents a unique account of how technological change is generated and the processes by which improved technologies are introduced into economic activity. The central theme of the book is the idea that technological changes are often "path dependent": their form and direction tend to be influenced strongly by the particular sequence of earlier events out of which a new technology has emerged. Individual chapters explore the particular features of new technologies in different historical and sectoral contexts.

American Corporate Economy

Author: William Lazonick
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415186117
Size: 24.11 MB
Format: PDF
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The readings collected in these four volumes examine the evolution, operation, and performance of the American corporate enterprise, and the American corporate economy more generally. Divided into seven sections, many of the readings provide broad overviews of the evolution of the US corporate enterprise, while others contribute to debates on its role in the evolution of American economy and society. The material is arranged thematically to help the reader navigate the field. There is also a new introduction and a thorough index, making this set an invaluable resource for both academics and practitioners in the field.

Encyclopedia Of 20th Century Technology

Author: Colin Hempstead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135455511
Size: 12.19 MB
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Comprising 395 essays arranged alphabetically, mostly on individual objects, artefacts, techniques, and products, this is an up-to-date work of reference for all those involved in teaching or researching the history of twentieth-century technology. For a full list of entries, contributors, and more, visit the Encycloped ia of 20th-Century Technology website.

American Military Technology

Author: Barton C. Hacker
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801887727
Size: 19.28 MB
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War is part of American history. This book examines how military technology both molded and reflected interactions between the American military and other American institutions. It also aims to provide a springboard for understanding the complex relationship of science, technology, and war in American history.

The Small Business Innovation Research Program

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309171489
Size: 43.90 MB
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In 1992, Congress for the first time explicitly directed the federal agencies making SBIR grants to use commercial potential as a criterion for granting SBIR awards. In response, the Department of Defense developed the SBIR Fast Track initiative, which provides expedited decision-making for SBIR awards to companies that have commitments from outside vendors. To verify the effectiveness of this initiative, the DoD asked the STEP Board to assess the operation of Fast Track. This volume of original field research includes case studies comparing Fast Track and non-Fast Track firms, a large survey of SBIR awardees, and statistical analyses of the impact of regular SBIR and Fast Track awards. Collectively, the commissioned papers and the findings and recommendations represent a significant contribution to our understanding of the SBIR program.

The Evolution Of Path Dependence

Author: Lars Magnusson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1848449267
Size: 30.41 MB
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The notion and interpretation of path dependence have been discussed and utilized in various social sciences during the last two decades. This innovative book provides significant new insights onto how the different applications of path dependence have developed and evolved. The authors suggest that there has been a definite evolution from applications of path dependence in the history of technology towards other fields of social science. They also discuss the various definitions of path dependence (strong or weak) and explore the potential applications of path dependence in new areas such as political economy and economic geography. With new perspectives on how the debate surrounding path dependence has evolved, this book will strongly appeal to postgraduate students and scholars of economic history, economic geography, political science and business studies.

Climate Change And The Course Of Global History

Author: John L. Brooke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521871646
Size: 56.80 MB
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Climate Change and the Course of Global History presents the first global study by a historian to fully integrate the earth-system approach of the new climate science with the material history of humanity. Part I argues that geological, environmental, and climatic history explain the pattern and pace of biological and human evolution. Part II explores the environmental circumstances of the rise of agriculture and the state in the Early and Mid-Holocene, and presents an analysis of human health from the Paleolithic through the rise of the state, including the Neolithic Demographic Transition. Part III introduces the problem of economic growth and examines the human condition in the Late Holocene from the Bronze Age through the Black Death, assessing the relationships among human technologies, climatic change, and epidemic disease. Part IV explores the move to modernity, stressing the emerging role of human economic and energy systems as earth-system agents in the Anthropocene. Supported by climatic, demographic, and economic data with forty-nine figures and tables custom-made for this book, A Rough Journey provides a pathbreaking model for historians of the environment, the world, and science, among many others.

Research Teams And Partnerships

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309172295
Size: 40.55 MB
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The third workshop of the Chemical Sciences Roundtable, Research Teams and Partnerships was held in Irvine, California, on May 2-3, 1999. The presentations and discussions at the workshop considered the current status of research partnerships in the chemical sciences and methods to improve the ability to form and maximize such collaborations. This volume presents the results of that workshop.