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Pathways To Judicial Power In Transitional States

Author: Rachel Ellett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135966052
Size: 72.31 MB
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This book examines the complex relationship that exists between the construction of judicial power, and the institutional characteristics of the courts and their regime setting. It examines the intriguing connection between the construction of judicial power on the one hand, and the institutional characteristics of the courts and regime setting on the other. The book asks whether courts are rendered powerful by virtue of their institutional characteristics or by a supportive, perhaps acquiescent, regime setting. By analyzing the historical pathways of courts in Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi, this book argues that the emergence of judicial power since the colonial period, though fraught with many challenges, presents a unique opportunity for consolidating democracy. The book examines in detail the significant political decisions of the upper-level courts in Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi from the colonial period to the present day, analyzing them in relation to changes in the political environment over time. Analysis of these decisions is also supplemented by in-depth interviews with judges, lawyers and other important stakeholders in the judicial processes. This book demonstrates that even in the most challenging regime environments, effective institutions and determined individuals can push back against interference and issue politically powerful, independent decisions but the way in which judiciaries respond to this regime pressure varies enormously across countries and regions.

Verfassungsentwicklung Und Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit In Burkina Faso

Author: Anne Winter
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845283947
Size: 50.72 MB
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Die Erkenntnis, dass es zur tatsächlichen Konstruktion einer Demokratie und der Wahrung des Rechtsstaats eines Schutzmechanismus bedarf, begründet die Notwendigkeit des Instituts der Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit und führte zu dessen weltweiter Verbreitung. Die Arbeit untersucht die verfassungsrechtliche Entwicklung in Burkina Faso und analysiert insbesondere anhand der Rechtsprechungspraxis, den Beitrag des Verfassungsgerichts zum Demokratisierungsprozess und zu Rechtsstaatlichkeit. Sie erschließt mit dem frankophonen Westafrika eine Region, die über die französischsprachige Verfassungsvergleichung hinaus bisher kaum berücksichtigt und wenig erforscht wurde. Zusätzliche Aktualität hat das Thema durch die Verfassungsentwicklung nach Protesten gegen eine erneute Amtszeit des Staatspräsidenten und dessen Sturz im Herbst 2014 erlangt. Die Untersuchung Burkina Fasos kann daher auch als ein Erkenntnisgewinn über einen laufenden Demokratisierungsprozesses betrachtet werden.

International Courts And The African Woman Judge

Author: Josephine Jarpa Dawuni
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315444429
Size: 71.64 MB
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A sequel to Bauer and Dawuni's pioneering study on gender and the judiciary in Africa (Routledge, 2016), International Courts and the African Woman Judge examines questions on gender diversity, representative benches, and international courts by focusing on women judges from the continent of Africa. Drawing from postcolonial feminism, feminist institutionalism, feminist legal theory, and legal narratives, this book provides fresh and detailed narratives of seven women judges that challenge existing discourse on gender diversity in international courts. It answers important questions about how the politics of judicial appointments, gender, geographic location, class, and professional capital combine to shape the lives of women judges who sit on international courts and argues the need to disaggregate gender diversity with a view to understanding intra-group differences. International Courts and the African Woman Judge will be of interest to a variety of audiences including governments, policy makers, civil society organizations, students of gender studies, and feminist activists interested in all questions of gender and judging.

Judges And Democratization

Author: B. C. Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134827911
Size: 37.43 MB
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Judiciaries must be politically impartial and immune from political interference if democracy is to be consolidated in countries in transition from authoritarian rule. Without an independent judiciary there can be no rule of law, and without the rule of law there can be no democracy. Judges and Democratization is based on the premise that democracy cannot be consolidated without the rule of law of which judicial independence is an indispensable part. It pays particular attention to the restraints placed upon judicial independence, and the reforms which are being applied, or remain to be adopted, in order to guard against the different kinds of interference which prevent judicial decisions being taken in a wholly impartial way. It examines the paradox of judicial activism arising from the independence endowed upon the judiciary by post-authoritarian constitutions. The book asks how, in the context of this endowed authority, such accountability can be made compatible with the preservation of judicial independence when the concept of an accountable, independent judiciary appears to be a contradiction in terms. This text will be of key interest to teachers and students of politics, comparative government/politics, combined politics and law, democracy and governance, human rights and democratization, and democratic development.

South Africa

Author: Helen A. Kitchen
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN:
Size: 78.30 MB
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Following the format of the first volume South Africa: In Transition to What? (1988), each of the chapters in this new volume focuses on a segment of the jigsaw puzzle from which South Africa's future will be assembled and assembled and is datelined to emphasize how the situation, event, or issue being addressed appeared through a particular set of lenses at a particular time. This collection seeks to impress upon readers (especially Americans) that the shape of the post-apartheid South Africa nw emerging is being determined primarily by internal factors. "Eminent Persons" interlocutors, distinguished advisory committees, economic and diplomatic sanctions, and other externally devised initiatives affected, but could not mandate how South Africa's long-fractured society would find its way. The contributors to this volume come from a range of geographical and professional bases, but share one important qualification: residence or repeated physical presence in South Africa.

Rechtssoziologie

Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322956997
Size: 38.44 MB
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Inhalt: Klassische Ansätze zur Rechtssoziologie - Rechtsbildung: Grundlagen einer soziologischen Theorie - Recht als Struktur der Gesellschaft - Positives Recht - Sozialer Wandel durch positives Recht - Rechtssystem und Rechtstheorie.

Deutsches Verwaltungsrecht

Author: Otto Mayer
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5877069136
Size: 70.88 MB
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Systematisches Handbuch der Deutsches Verwaltungsrecht. Sechste Abteilung, zweiter Band: Deutsches Verwaltungsrecht. Band 2.