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Patton S Panthers

Author: Charles W. Sasser
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439103906
Size: 21.39 MB
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On the battlefields of World War II, the men of the African-American 761st Tank Battalion under General Patton broke through enemy lines with the same courage with which they broke down the racist limitations set upon them by others -- proving themselves as tough, reliable, and determined to fight as any tank unit in combat. Beginning in November 1944, they engaged the enemy for 183 straight days, spearheading many of Patton's offensives at the Battle of the Bulge and in six European countries. No other unit fought for so long and so hard without respite. The 761st defeated more than 6,000 enemy soldiers, captured thirty towns, liberated Jews from concentration camps -- and made history as the first African-American armored unit to enter the war. This is the true story of the Black Panthers, who proudly lived up to their motto (Come Out Fighting) and paved the way for African-Americans in the U.S. military -- while battling against the skepticism and racism of the very people they fought for.

The 761st Black Panther Tank Battalion In World War Ii

Author: Joe Wilson
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786406678
Size: 80.70 MB
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Their motto was "Come Out Fighting," and that they did without fail. The 761st Tank Battalion - the famed "Black Panthers" - was the first African American armored unit to enter combat, and in World War II they fought in four major Allied campaigns and inflicted 130,000 casualties on the German army. And the fighting was intense - only one out of every two Black Panthers made it home alive. This is the complete history of the 761st, told in large part through the words of the surviving members of the unit. Richly illustrated, this work recounts how the unit was given long overdue recognition - the Presidential Unit Citation and the Medal of Honor - in recent years.

The Black Panthers

Author: Gina Dinicolo
Publisher: Westholme Pub Llc
ISBN: 9781594161957
Size: 62.23 MB
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Presents the full history of the first African American tank battalion to see combat in World War II, drawing on archival sources and interviews to detail the unit's training prodecures, deployment, combat operations, and notable soldiers.

The Black Panthers At War The 761st Tank Battalion And General Patton S Drive On Germany

Author: Gina M. Dinicolo
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780966298673
Size: 62.65 MB
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Chronicles the 761st Tank Battalion as well as political and social luminaries of the day. Led by a small cadre of white and black officers, the men trained to the pinnacle of their craft and soon earned its coveted assignment to serve under General George S. Patton to fight head-to-head with the best of Hitler's arsenal..

The 761st Tank Battalion

Author: Kathryn Browne Pfeifer
Publisher: Twenty First Century Books
ISBN:
Size: 32.64 MB
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Profiles the first African-American tank battalion to see combat during World War II and their role in supporting General Patton

Brothers In Arms

Author: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN: 9780767918923
Size: 62.46 MB
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A powerful wartime saga in the bestselling tradition of Flags of Our Fathers, BROTHERS IN ARMS recounts the extraordinary story of the 761st “Black Panthers,” the first all-black armored unit to see combat in World War II. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar first learned about the battalion from family friend Leonard “Smitty” Smith, a veteran of the battalion. Working with acclaimed writer Anthony Walton, Abdul-Jabbar interviewed the surviving members of the battalion and their descendants to weave together a page-turning narrative based on their memories and stories, from basic training through the horrors on the battlefield to their postwar experiences in a racially divided America. Trained essentially as a public relations gesture to maintain the support of the black community for the war, the battalion was never intended to see battle. In fact, General Patton originally opposed their deployment, claiming African Americans couldn’t think quickly enough to operate tanks in combat conditions. But the Allies were so desperate for trained tank personnel in the summer of 1944, following heavy casualties in the fields of France, that the battalion was called up. While most combat troops fought on the front for a week or two before being rotated back, the men of the 761st served for more than six months, fighting heroically under Patton’s Third Army at the Battle of the Bulge and in the Allies’ final drive across France and Germany. Despite a casualty rate that approached 50 percent and an extreme shortage of personnel and equipment, the 761st would ultimately help liberate some thirty towns and villages, as well as the Gunskirchen Lager concentration camp. The racism that shadowed them during the war and the prejudice they faced upon their return home is an indelible part of their story. What shines through most of all, however, are the lasting bonds that united them as soldiers and brothers, the bravery they exhibited on the battlefield, and the quiet dignity and patriotism that defined their lives.

Freedom S Racial Frontier

Author: Herbert G. Ruffin
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806161248
Size: 50.82 MB
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Between 1940 and 2010, the black population of the American West grew from 710,400 to 7 million. With that explosive growth has come a burgeoning interest in the history of the African American West—an interest reflected in the remarkable range and depth of the works collected in Freedom’s Racial Frontier. Editors Herbert G. Ruffin II and Dwayne A. Mack have gathered established and emerging scholars in the field to create an anthology that links past, current, and future generations of African American West scholarship. The volume’s sixteen chapters address the African American experience within the framework of the West as a multicultural frontier. The result is a fresh perspective on western-U.S. history, centered on the significance of African American life, culture, and social justice in almost every trans-Mississippi state. Examining and interpreting the twentieth century while mindful of events and developments since 2000, the contributors focus on community formation, cultural diversity, civil rights and black empowerment, and artistic creativity and identity. Reflecting the dynamic evolution of new approaches and new sites of knowledge in the field of western history, the authors consider its interconnections with fields such as cultural studies, literature, and sociology. Some essays deal with familiar places, while others look at understudied sites such as Albuquerque, Oahu, and Las Vegas, Nevada. By examining black suburbanization, the Information Age, and gentrification in the urban West, several authors conceive of a Third Great Migration of African Americans to and within the West. The West revealed in Freedom’s Racial Frontier is a place where black Americans have fought—and continue to fight—to make their idea of freedom live up to their expectations of equality; a place where freedom is still a frontier for most persons of African heritage.

African Americans In Defense Of The Nation

Author: James T. Controvich
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810874806
Size: 18.84 MB
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While the role of the African American in American history has been written about extensively, it is often difficult to locate the wealth of material that has been published. African-Americans in Defense of the Nation builds on a long list of early bibliographies concerning the subject, bringing together a broad spectrum of titles related to the African-American participation in America's wars. It covers both military exploits—as African Americans have been involved in every American conflict since the Revolution—and their participation in the homefront support.

African American Troops In World War Ii

Author: Alexander Bielakowski
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1780965443
Size: 26.73 MB
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About half a million African Americans served overseas during World War II, almost all in segregated second-line units. This artificially limited their potential contribution, but their work especially along the logistic lifelines of the fighting divisions was vital. This book summarizes the service of these men and women; and it also focuses on the small proportion who, remarkably, overcame prejudicial barriers to reach the battlefields in combat units of the US forces and Coast Guard. Their story is illustrated with wartime photographs, and color plates including portraits of the most outstanding African Americans, the true heirs of the old "Buffalo Soldiers.Â??

Impact Of Battalion And Smaller African American Combat Units On Integration Of The U S Army In The European Theater Of Operations During World War Ii Black Infantry Platoons And Patton S Panthers

Author: U. S. Military
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781520467955
Size: 58.30 MB
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African Americans performed admirably and with valor in the wars prior to World War II. However, Commanding generals' attitudes on African American leadership competency and capabilities to master modern weapons remained in doubt after World War I. During World War II, the U.S. Army had to fight multiple modern militaries on several different fronts provided African Americans opportunities to change negative military attitudes towards them. Several African American units served with distinction during World War II. Large African American combat units, including infantry and cavalry divisions normally served within a prescribed command structure and were nominally excluded from interaction with white soldiers, with the exception of their commanding officers. Smaller functional combat units, anti-aircraft artillery, field artillery, and platoons integrated more frequently with Caucasian troops due to their unique task organization. This paper will examine these small unit integration experiences to determine their impact on the decision to integrate the US Army in 1948CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION * Literature Review * CHAPTER 2 - MOBILIZATION PLANS AND SELECTIVE SERVICE * African American Perception During the Interwar Period 1919 to 1941 * Key Progressive European and African American Leaders * CHAPTER 3 - MOBILIZATION AND TRAINING (1940 to 1944) * Personnel Assignment in a Segregated Army * Formation of Small Black Combat Units * Deployment Policies and Race Tensions (1942 to 1944) * CHAPTER 4 - 761st TANK BATTALION "PATTON'S PANTHERS" CASE STUDY * Saar Basin Offensive * CHAPTER 5 - THE 5TH PLATOONS * The Beginning of Something Beautiful * Discrimination and Humiliation Home and Abroad * Need Creates Opportunity * Infantry Training * No Racial Divide in the Trenches * Dishonored * The Integration Demand * CHAPTER 6 - CONCLUSIONMilitary service historically created opportunities for African Americans to gain equality. The need for manpower necessitated a change in government policy to allow African Americans to be involved in America's wars was typically the driving force. World War II was no exception as the Saar Basin Offensive, Battle of the Bulge and the subsequent Ruhr Campaign necessitated a call up from all available units to fill personnel shortages along the front lines. Once again, opportunity arose for African American combat units to display their patriotism and push for equality on the battlefield. Senior U.S. Army officers and government officials developed policies and procedures from 1919 to 1945 in order to define the appropriate size of segregated African American combat units. These leaders approximated the size of African American combat units through their own personal prejudice and bias of African Americans ability to fight in combat. Decentralized operations in small combat units, battalion and below, had the greatest impact on changing European American perceptions of African American ability to serve in an integrated Army. In the Revolutionary War, American leadership allowed five thousand African Americans to serve in direct response to the British promise of freedom for slaves who fought for Great Britain.1 In the War of 1812, Major General Andrew Jackson established the Louisiana Free Men of Color for the Battle of New Orleans.2 Military manpower was the primary reason for African American military service in the Civil War. President Lincoln recognized the lack of American volunteers left a void in the Union Army. Ultimately, 186,000 African Americans served in the Civil War.