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Paying The Tab

Author: Philip J. Cook
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837410
Size: 79.41 MB
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What drug provides Americans with the greatest pleasure and the greatest pain? The answer, hands down, is alcohol. The pain comes not only from drunk driving and lost lives but also addiction, family strife, crime, violence, poor health, and squandered human potential. Young and old, drinkers and abstainers alike, all are affected. Every American is paying for alcohol abuse. Paying the Tab, the first comprehensive analysis of this complex policy issue, calls for broadening our approach to curbing destructive drinking. Over the last few decades, efforts to reduce the societal costs--curbing youth drinking and cracking down on drunk driving--have been somewhat effective, but woefully incomplete. In fact, American policymakers have ignored the influence of the supply side of the equation. Beer and liquor are far cheaper and more readily available today than in the 1950s and 1960s. Philip Cook's well-researched and engaging account chronicles the history of our attempts to "legislate morality," the overlooked lessons from Prohibition, and the rise of Alcoholics Anonymous. He provides a thorough account of the scientific evidence that has accumulated over the last twenty-five years of economic and public-health research, which demonstrates that higher alcohol excise taxes and other supply restrictions are effective and underutilized policy tools that can cut abuse while preserving the pleasures of moderate consumption. Paying the Tab makes a powerful case for a policy course correction. Alcohol is too cheap, and it's costing all of us.

Alkohol Hat Mich Belogen

Author: Craig Beck
Publisher: Tao.de in J. Kamphausen
ISBN: 9783955291648
Size: 61.28 MB
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Craig Beck war fest davon uberzeugt, nicht dem Klischee zu entsprechen, das diese Bezeichnung suggeriert. Er unternahm unzahlige Versuche, seinen Alkoholkonsum einzuschranken; er probierte trockene Monate," verbot sich harte Getranke, nahm sich vor, nur an Wochenenden oder zu speziellen Anlassen zu trinken (und fand es dabei erstaunlich, wie der belangloseste Anlass plotzlich speziell werden kann). All diese auf Willenskraft aufgebauten Versuche, mit dem Trinken aufzuhoren, schlugen fehl (genauso, wie es zu erwarten war). Allmahlich kam er der Wahrheit hinter der Alkoholabhangigkeit auf die Spur, und langsam brach eine Luge nach der anderen in sich zusammen, an die er so lange geglaubt hatte. Zum allerersten Mal hatte er das aufrichtige und echte Bedurfnis, nicht mehr zu trinken. In diesem Buch wird Sie Craig Beck durch genau diesen bemerkenswerten Prozess fuhren. Die Craig Beck Methode ist einzigartig... Es gibt keine Notwendigkeit, sich als Alkoholiker zu bezeichnen. Dauerhafte Heilung anstelle eines lebenslangen Kampfes. Keine Gruppensitzungen oder teure Entzugskliniken. Keine Demutigungen, kein Schmerz, und es ist hundertprozentig keine Willenskraft erforderlich. Es wird die Ursache des Problems behandelt und nicht dessen Symptome.

Phishing For Fools

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843713650
Size: 14.91 MB
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Seit Adam Smith ist eine der zentralen Thesen der Wirtschaftswissenschaften, dass freie Märkte und freier Wettbewerb die besten Voraussetzungen für allgemeinen Wohlstand sind. Die Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger George Akerlof und Robert Shiller argumentieren dagegen, dass Märkte nicht von sich aus gutartig sind und sich auch nicht immer die besten Produkte durchsetzen. Die Autoren behandeln in diesem Buch erstmals die zentrale Rolle von Manipulation und Täuschung in der Wirtschaft. Anhand von zahlreichen Fallbeispielen zeigen sie, wie wir verleitet werden, mehr Geld auszugeben, als wir haben; wie wir von Werbung stärker beeinflusst werden, als wir glauben; warum wir oft zu viel bezahlen und wie massiv die Politik durch Wirtschaft beeinflusst wird. Was ist besonders? Zwei Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger widerlegen die These der selbstregulierenden Märkte. Wer liest? • Alle, die sich für Verhaltensökonomie, freie Marktwirtschaft oder Wirtschaftstheorie interessieren

Health Behavior Change In Populations

Author: Scott Kahan
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421414554
Size: 65.88 MB
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With an emphasis on the application of theory and research to practice, this textbook presents current and future public health professionals with a range of methods geared towards helping people make healthy choices, from informing the individual to modifying the surroundings and circumstances that drive decision-making.

Crime And Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199315043
Size: 22.50 MB
Format: PDF
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Drugs And Drug Policy

Author: Mark A.R. Kleiman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199831386
Size: 27.58 MB
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While there have always been norms and customs around the use of drugs, explicit public policies--regulations, taxes, and prohibitions--designed to control drug abuse are a more recent phenomenon. Those policies sometimes have terrible side-effects: most prominently the development of criminal enterprises dealing in forbidden (or untaxed) drugs and the use of the profits of drug-dealing to finance insurgency and terrorism. Neither a drug-free world nor a world of free drugs seems to be on offer, leaving citizens and officials to face the age-old problem: What are we going to do about drugs? In Drugs and Drug Policy, three noted authorities survey the subject with exceptional clarity, in this addition to the acclaimed series, What Everyone Needs to Know®. They begin, by defining "drugs," examining how they work in the brain, discussing the nature of addiction, and exploring the damage they do to users. The book moves on to policy, answering questions about legalization, the role of criminal prohibitions, and the relative legal tolerance for alcohol and tobacco. The authors then dissect the illicit trade, from street dealers to the flow of money to the effect of catching kingpins, and show the precise nature of the relationship between drugs and crime. They examine treatment, both its effectiveness and the role of public policy, and discuss the beneficial effects of some abusable substances. Finally they move outward to look at the role of drugs in our foreign policy, their relationship to terrorism, and the ugly politics that surround the issue. Crisp, clear, and comprehensive, this is a handy and up-to-date overview of one of the most pressing topics in today's world. What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

Freakonomics

Author: Steven D. Levitt
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783442154517
Size: 22.71 MB
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Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

The Gun Debate

Author: Philip J. Cook
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019933899X
Size: 65.71 MB
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Even before the recent Newtown, CT massacre, gun violence and gun control has preoccupied public officals and legislators at all levels of government as well as powerful special interest groups for years. Guns in America: What Everyone Needs to Know tours the issues that Americans debate when they talk about guns. The volume includes information on gun control pertaining to U.S. history, jurisprudence, cultural beliefs, political agendas, epidemiologcal data, criminology, law and regulation, and policy effectivness. Throughout, economist Philip J. Cook and political scientist Kristin Goss illustrate for readers which questions and issues are contentious and on which there is something approaching consensus. They answer basic questions like: Where do people acquire guns? Is gun violence rising or falling? Who is at risk for being shot? How much does gun violence cost? And tackle tougher ones such as: Do video games and the media contribute to gun violence? Why is the gun control movement relatively weak? Is it better to enforce the laws we have or enact new ones? The answers to these questions will help the general reader to make sense of the volley of ideologically driven statistics and slogans that characterize our national conversation on firearms. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in getting a clear view of the highly polarizing topic of gun control.