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Peace By Peaceful Means

Author: Johan Galtung
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803975112
Size: 15.17 MB
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Johan Galtung, one of the founders of modern peace studies, provides a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories and assumptions on which the study of peace is based. The book is organized in four parts, each examining the one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. The first part covers peace theory, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. In Part Two conflict theory is examined with an exploration of nonviolent and creative handling of conflict. Developmental theory is discussed in Part Three, exploring structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. The fourth part is devoted to civilization theory. This involves an

Gender Peace And Conflict

Author: Inger Skjelsboek
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761968535
Size: 37.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Gender is increasingly recognized as central to the study and analysis of the traditionally male domains of war and international relations. The book explores the key role of gender in peace research, conflict resolution and international politics. Rather than simply add gender and stir the aim is to transcend different disciplinary boundaries and conceptual approaches to provide a more integrated basis for research and study. To this end Gender, Peace & Conflict uniquely combines theoretical chapters alongside empirical case studies, to demonstrate the importance of a gender perspective to both theory and practice in conflict resolution and peace research.

Gender Peace And Conflict

Author: Inger Skjelsbæk
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: 9780761968528
Size: 73.55 MB
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Demonstrates the key role of a gender perspective - both practically and theoretically - in conflict resolution, peace research and international relations.

Resource Conflict In The Horn Of Africa

Author: John Markakis
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 15.65 MB
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Famines, droughts, and the depletion of natural resources--all are serious environmental issues facing Somalia and other nations on the horn of Africa. To date, governments and international agencies have been largely ineffective in dealing with these problems. In this important volume, a stellar cast of contributors offers a fresh look at these issues and provides new approaches to solving them. Topics explored include food security, fresh water sources, soil erosion, locust invasions, animal diseases and pastoralism, as well as related infrastructural, financial, and political problems. Traditional ways of cooperating over environmental problems are examined, and development and security aspects are related to famine and political postures. Students and scholars in African studies, political science, and environmental studies will find much of value in this compelling study.

The Russian Army In A Time Of Troubles

Author: Pavel Baev
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 53.34 MB
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The Russian army inherited the mantle of the mighty Soviet army when Russia became independent in December 1991. This insightful and comprehensive account of how it has fared in the uncertain transitional period since then focuses on the interaction between the Army and politics. It reveals not only the impact political transformations have had on reforming the military structures but also the impact of the military on political decision-making. The book starts with a historical overview of Russia's security agenda and examines the Russian//Soviet Army's tradition of involvement in politics. It goes on to examine Russia's current security interests and the role of the army in protecting them. General geopolitical perspectives are linked to the more burning security issues of the 'Near Abroad', and to the nuclear dimension of security. Pavel Baev then considers the fundamental question of the feasibility of political control over the Russian Army. The problem of the politicization of the Army is followed through the interlinked issues of stalled military reform and a drastically reduced military budget. The final part of the book takes up the current military role of the Army, a major aspect of which is conflict management in the former Soviet Union - the case of the Caucasus is studied in detail. The Chechen War is seen as a logical continuation of Russia's self-assertive policy - but also as a departure from the previous military patterns of peace-keeping. Poor performance in this unpopular war should not - Baev warns - be taken to mean the final disintegration of the Russian Army. History provides too many examples of how it has managed to re-surface even after the most devastating defeats. This unique and outstanding study of the Russian Army provides the basis for understanding its role in the new political developments within Russia and its impact on European security. It will be of great interest to students of Russian studies, military studies, peace studies, international relations and political science.

Troublemakers Or Peacemakers

Author: Siobhán McEvoy-Levy
Publisher: Univ of Notre Dame Pr
ISBN: 9780268034931
Size: 19.16 MB
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Explores the contributions of youth as political activists, soldiers, criminals, economic actors, peace activists, and community-builders.

Nuclear Rivalry And International Order

Author: Jørn Gjelstad
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 15.52 MB
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Despite the ending of the Cold War and superpower rivalry, the world contains many nuclear-armed states. This challenging analysis of the continuing role of nuclear weapons in inter-state rivalry shows how they remain today one of the most important issues for the future of peace. The determination of the role of nuclear weapons will be crucial to the prospects for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. This intriguing volume begins by examining the relevance of nuclear weapons to the 'long peace' between the superpowers during the Cold War. Were they a necessary condition for peace? Were they irrelevant or only marginally relevant? Is there any evidence to point to the future role of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War world? The answers to these questions leads to question the present and future role of nuclear weapons and the opportunities for disarmament and non-proliferation. The perceived insecurity of rival states is highlighted as the most important obstacle to an effective international non-proliferation regime. This timely, comprehensive volume presents a review of the role of nuclear weapons in the 'long peace' and will be essential reading for students and professionals in the fields of peace studies, defense studies, and international relations.

Geopolitics In Post Wall Europe

Author: Ola Tunander
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 49.89 MB
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The fall of the Berlin Wall symbolized a dramatic turning-point in the history of European politics and security. Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe highlights the new relations between politics, culture, and territory. It analyzes the major geopolitical shifts in the connection between security and identity. Part I covers the general geopolitical tendencies in Europe, including conflicts between "culturism" and universalism, between national-romantic primordialism and cosmopolitan post-national identities, and between territory and escape from territory. Part II deals with potential tensions between Russia and Europe and the possible emergence of a new European "wall" between an extended NATO on the one hand and Russia and the CIS on the other. Part III focuses on the borderland between Europe, Russia, and the Muslim world, with particular emphasis on the former Yugoslavia as a site of conflict between the new "metaphorical empires." While this book is written primarily for scholars and students of political science, international relations and political geography, it will also be of interest to diplomats and journalists.

Norway European Integration And Atlantic Security

Author: Clive Archer
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 66.38 MB
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What has been the nature of Norway's relationship with European integration and why has it been so precarious? Is Norway's role in Europe determined more by external factors or by domestic considerations? Has a Norwegian dependence on the United States for its security been replaced to any great extent by a Europeanization of that security? This book seeks to answer questions like these by exploring the new conditions under which Norway has found itself, as the basis of its security policy changed and the European Union widened its membership to include the former EFTA members.