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Peacekeeping Fiascoes Of The 1990s

Author: Frederick H. Fleitz
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275973674
Size: 57.66 MB
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Unnecessary, avoidable, and predictable, the peacekeeping disasters of the 1990s were the result of world leaders' overeagerness to employ peacekeeping troops for what in fact were belligerent purposes.

Die Welt Nach 9 11

Author: Thomas Jäger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531941738
Size: 61.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Im Jahr 2001 hielten die Anschläge vom 11. September die Welt in Atem. Zehn Jahre danach wird mit diesem Band erstmals umfassend Bilanz gezogen, welche Wirkungen vom Terror des 11. September ausgingen. Untersucht werden Entwicklungen in verschiedenen Staaten, Auswirkungen auf die zwischenstaatlichen Beziehungen und Transformationen des gesellschaftlichen Lebens. Die Effekte auf internationale Organisationen werden ebenso analysiert wie die unterschiedlichen Wirkungen auf Öffentlichkeit, Medien, Religion und Kultur. Dabei dokumentiert der Band die tiefen Spuren, die der 11. September hinterlassen hat. Er zeichnet nach, auf welchen Gebieten zuvor schon beobachtbare Tendenzen verstärkt oder abgeschwächt wurden, aber auch, welche neuen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen hier erst ihren Ausgang nahmen. Die politische Kraft dieses gewalttätigen und symbolträchtigen Tages wird dabei in ihren vielen Gestalten deutlich.

Die Immunit T Der Vereinten Nationen

Author: Jakub Krumrey
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161558626
Size: 20.90 MB
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English summary: The remit of the United Nations is to protect human rights. But what happens when this obligation is violated? Are victims able to hold the United Nations to account in court? The unequivocal answer is no - because the UN enjoys legal immunity. Jakub Krumrey challenges this and investigates alternative dispute settlement mechanisms. German description: Die Vereinten Nationen sind eine Organisation uber allem Recht. Dieser Eindruck konnte sich aufdrangen, mochte man die Vereinten Nationen vor einem nationalen Gericht fur ihr Fehlverhalten im Rahmen ihrer Friedensmissionen zur Verantwortung ziehen. Denn sogar angesichts schwerster Menschenrechtsverletzungen, konnen sich die Vereinten Nationen noch auf ihre Immunitat berufen. Das mussten die Hinterbliebenen eines Volkermordes im Srebrenica-Verfahren schmerzlich erfahren. Nach Artikel 105 UN-Charta jedoch geniessen die Vereinten Nationen nur solche Immunitaten, "die zur Verwirklichung ihrer Ziele notwendig sind." Ihre Immunitat scheint daher funktional begrenzt. Kann und soll die Immunitat die Vereinten Nationen daher auch vor dem Vorwurf schutzen, Menschenrechte in eklatanter Weise verletzt zu haben? Jakub Krumrey geht dieser Frage nach und untersucht, ob zumindest alternative Rechtsschutzmoglichkeiten fur die Anspruchsteller bestehen.

Historical Dictionary Of Multinational Peacekeeping

Author: Terry M. Mays
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810865754
Size: 16.99 MB
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Mays (political science, The Citadel) presents entries on important people, military missions and other events, concepts, organizations, related to the major peacekeeping operations conducted by international organizations since 1920. He first presents a

The United States Military In Limited War

Author: Kevin Dougherty
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476600104
Size: 20.50 MB
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After World War II, the United States military increasingly found itself involved in operations that have been described variously as limited wars, small wars, low intensity conflicts, operations other than war, support and stability operations, and the like. The most common name throughout much of the 1990s was “operations other than war” (OOTW). During this period there was an explosion of doctrinal material on the subject, including a 1993 official field manual listing six principles of OOTW: objective, unity of effort, legitimacy, perseverance, restraint and security. The author of the present work examines four successful OOTWs (the Greek Civil War, Lebanon, the Dominican Republic, and Nicaragua/Honduras) and four failed ones (Vietnam, Beirut, Somalia, and Haiti) and concludes there is a positive correlation between adherence to the principles and an operation’s outcome.

Armed State Building

Author: Paul D. Miller
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469538
Size: 30.13 MB
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Since 1898, the United States and the United Nations have deployed military force more than three dozen times in attempts to rebuild failed states. Currently there are more state-building campaigns in progress than at any time in the past century—including Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Sudan, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Lebanon—and the number of candidate nations for such campaigns in the future is substantial. Even with a broad definition of success, earlier campaigns failed more than half the time. In this book, Paul D. Miller brings his decade in the U.S. military, intelligence community, and policy worlds to bear on the question of what causes armed, international state-building campaigns by liberal powers to succeed or fail. The United States successfully rebuilt the West German and Japanese states after World War II but failed to build a functioning state in South Vietnam. After the Cold War the United Nations oversaw relatively successful campaigns to restore order, hold elections, and organize post-conflict reconstruction in Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, and elsewhere, but those successes were overshadowed by catastrophes in Angola, Liberia, and Somalia. The recent effort in Iraq and the ongoing one in Afghanistan—where Miller had firsthand military, intelligence, and policymaking experience—are yielding mixed results, despite the high levels of resources dedicated and the long duration of the missions there. Miller outlines different types of state failure, analyzes various levels of intervention that liberal states have tried in the state-building process, and distinguishes among the various failures and successes those efforts have provoked.