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Pediatric Homicide

Author: Karen Griest
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420073010
Size: 32.70 MB
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Pediatric homicide investigations are clouded by a number of factors, not the least of which is a lack of straightforward resources. The cause of death in infants and children is often subtle and difficult to establish. Designed for quick access, Pediatric Homicide: Medical Investigation provides an invaluable resource for medical examiners, police, child abuse investigators, and attorneys charged with either making or ruling out the diagnosis of homicide. Focusing on forensic pathology aspects, this book covers the causes of death which are most difficult to determine, including: head injury asphyxiation drowning abdominal trauma poisoning starvation and dehydration With contributions by a team of expert pathologists, the book provides a scientific foundation for diagnosing homicide, discusses methods to determine the timing of injuries and death, and reviews the legal requirements for presenting evidence in court. More than 100 photographs enhance the text and clarify the source of injury in these difficult cases.

Handbook Of Forensic Medicine

Author: Burkhard Madea
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118570626
Size: 28.83 MB
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Forensic Medicine encompasses all areas in which medicine and law interact. This book covers diverse aspects of forensic medicine including forensic pathology, traumatology and violent death, sudden and unexpected death, clinical forensic medicine, toxicology, traffic medicine, identification, haemogenetics and medical law. A knowledge of all these subdisciplines is necessary in order to solve routine as well as more unusual cases. Taking a comprehensive approach the book m.oves beyond a focus on forensic pathology to include clinical forensic medicine and forensic toxicology. All aspects of forensic medicine are covered to meet the specialist needs of daily casework. Aspects of routine analysis and quality control are addressed in each chapter. The book provides coverage of the latest developments in forensic molecular biology, forensic toxicology, molecular pathology and immunohistochemistry. A must-have reference for every specialist in the field this book is set to become the bench-mark for the international forensic medical community.

Poisons

Author: David J. George
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315354489
Size: 29.11 MB
Format: PDF
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A unique book on recognition and investigation of criminal poisoning for investigators of all backgrounds and stages of their careers. Poisons: An Introduction for Forensic Investigators is a concise yet comprehensive overview of toxicants and unanticipated circumstances in which poisoning occurs. This book expands awareness of poisoning possibilities, heightens recognition of the toxic potential of many substances, and provides information to aid in focusing investigations. Poisons discusses life-threatening toxic substances and agents that modify behavior to achieve criminal goals. These include drugs that facilitate sexual assaults and robberies, and those found in medical child abuse and drug-product tampering. More than 230 case studies illustrate both unintentional and intentional poisoning and highlight situations where poisoning may not immediately be apparent. Information is included in pertinent criminal poisoning cases to illustrate the temperament of poisoners, their relationship to victims, their basis for poison selection, and their method of administration. Since Poisons is written by a single author, the discussions, format, educational level, and terminology remain consistent to aid crime scene investigators, homicide detectives, forensic scientists, death investigators, toxicologists, medical examiners, attorneys, and students. The book's more than 650 references are an asset to frame knowledge as well as a resource to return to again and again.

Essential Forensic Pathology

Author: Gilbert Corrigan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439876665
Size: 37.20 MB
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A myriad of different scenarios await those entering the field of forensic pathology, ranging from gunshot wounds to asphyxiation to explosives to death from addiction. Essential Forensic Pathology: Core Studies and Exercises helps prepare pathologists in training by establishing what they must know about the most common death scenes they will encounter. The book begins by discussing the coaching objectives in medical education and follows with a description of the 15 different rotations of the forensic pathology resident. Using a consistent and concise format, the book describes the facility where the rotation takes place, the necessary skills, the laboratory equipment, and other components of the rotation. The main portion of the book presents forensic pathology essentials in the form of learning objectives—each delineated with a code: "M" for items students must know, and "S" for those they must do. This section begins by discussing the government’s role, describes medical examiner and coroner systems, and analyzes the academic discipline of forensic pathology. Next, the book focuses on hands-on elements of forensic pathology, with chapters on scene investigation, identification, and postmortem changes (signs of death). Objectives are also presented for various causes of death, including gunshot wounds, stab wounds, asphyxiation, sex-related death, and death from addiction. Additional chapters cover bombs and explosive devices, mental disease, epidemics, and issues related to forensic entomology. Each chapter contains a list of pertinent vocabulary and references for further study. By mastering the objectives contained in each chapter of this manual, forensic pathology students will be ready to pass certification exams and work confidently in the field.

Diagnostic Imaging Of Child Abuse

Author: Paul K. Kleinman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316298183
Size: 15.81 MB
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This updated edition of the leading text on the imaging of child abuse and its imitators combines radiographic images with pathologic correlates of inflicted injuries. Presented in full color for the first time, it contains many new photomicrographs and clinical images of bone scintigraphy, CT, MRI and sonography. Presenting radiologic findings in clinical, biomechanical and medicolegal contexts, a wealth of new material relating to extremity, thoracic, spinal and intracranial injuries is included. Chapters on intracranial (extra-axial and parenchymal), visceral and miscellaneous injuries, and MRI physics have been revised and expanded, while new chapters cover disorders of calcium and phosphorus metabolism and an extended discussion of skeletal injury. Complete with technical discussions explaining the physical principles and instrumentation of imaging equipment, this is essential reading for radiologists, pediatricians, forensic pathologists and emergency room physicians. Additionally, it will be of interest to a wide array of legal professionals.

Effective Investigation Of Child Homicide And Suspicious Deaths

Author: David Marshall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199639175
Size: 68.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Crimes against children are some of the most serious and demanding investigations that a police force can be involved with. It is an extremely specialised crime area, with its own legislation, case law, guidance and crucial multi-agency working. This book offers a practical operational guide to managing the investigation of child death, and sets out the protocols and procedures relating to these deaths, from sudden and unexpected deaths in infancy (SUDI) to suspicious cases and homicide. Following the death of Baby Peter and the subsequent report by Lord Laming in 2009, Effective Investigation of Child Homicide and Suspicious Deaths outlines the revised statutory guidance on inter-agency working. By bringing together the key legislation, guidance, policies and procedures, along with operational options and background information, the author creates an indispensable resource for those tasked with this challenging but essential work. Drawing on his own extensive experiences, he outlines the relevant procedures of inquests and the criminal and family courts, and summarises the specific offences relating to child deaths such as infanticide, familial homicide, procuring an abortion, and child destruction. The role of expert medical evidence is explained, as are the procedures relating to forensic post-mortems and forensic samples and tests, with contributions from key medical professionals framing the complex and technical within a more practical setting. A reminder of the nuances of child death investigations is present in the striking but sensitive inclusion of personal accounts from the families of victims. Effective Investigation of Child Homicide and Suspicious Deaths forms part of the Blackstone's Practical Policing Series. The series consists of practical guides containing clear and detailed explanations of the relevant legislation, police procedure and practice, accompanied by case studies, illustrative diagrams and useful checklists.

Forensic Pathology Of Infancy And Childhood

Author: Kim A. Collins
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781617794025
Size: 19.14 MB
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The investigation of sudden or unexplained death of children represents a unique medical and forensic area of study. Children have unique anatomic and functional characteristics that must be recognized and understood by the medical investigator. Further complicating this process is the fact that the anatomic structure, composition and function of various organs and organ systems in the pediatric population change throughout the developmental stages of childhood. The disease processes, reactions to trauma and risk factors for accidental death and homicide change from infancy through adolescence. Forensic Pathology of Infancy and Childhood provides an authoritative, comprehensive reference text devoted to the medicolegal investigation of sudden unexpected death in children. With contributions from internationally renowned experts, individual chapters focus on specific unique causes and organ systems with detailed accounts of the changes in fatal diseases, risk factors of causes of sudden death, and responses to fatal trauma that occur as a child grows from neonatal stage through infancy, toddlerhood, childhood and adolescence. This text is an essential reference resource for forensic pathologists, medical examiner offices, pediatric pathologists, pediatric hospitals, anatomic pathologists and those in training as well as those in related legal professions.

Quick Reference To Child And Adolescent Forensics

Author: Mary E. Muscari, PhD, MSCr, CPNP, PMHCNS-BC, AFN-BC
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826124180
Size: 38.63 MB
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"Quick Reference to Child and Adolescent Forensics most assuredly needs to have a prominent place in the library of any forensic nurse or health professional and have very worn pages from its frequent use." --On the Edge, Newsletter of the International Association of Forensic Nurses "Muscari and Brown have written a great reference work for anyone who works with either child or teen victims or perpetrators of violent crime...Highly recommended." --Choice "This is a comprehensive guide to all forensic aspects of the treatment of children and teens, important to all health care providers who will encounter young patients...Highly recommended." --Choice "Drs. Muscari and Brown have synthesized the key information on forensics pediatrics and produced a 'must read' text that needs to be on every person's bookshelf." --Ann Wolbert Burgess, DNSc, APRN, BC Professor of Psychiatric Nursing, Boston College Health care practitioners frequently work with victims of child abuse, sexual assault, and juvenile offenders, but often lack the education and resources they need to deal with the everyday forensic issues of pediatric practice. This quick guide provides current information that assists pediatric practitioners with the prevention, identification, and management of pediatric victims and offenders. The book describes the general principles of forensics and its implications in pediatric practice, including the cycle, continuum, and cultural aspects of violence. It also serves as a guide to conducting the forensic assessment and recording the legal documentation, collecting evidence, navigating the criminal and family justice systems, and producing expert witness testimony. The authors clearly define the role of the pediatric provider working with children who witness violence at home, in the community, and in the media. Key topics: How to detect abusive parents as well as abused children The effects of victimization of children by abusive, absent, or incarcerated parents Delinquency and juvenile justice systems-with insight into bullying, school violence, arson, gang membership, juvenile sex offending, and dating violence Unnatural pediatric deaths, such as sudden unexpected infant and child death, accidents, homicides, and suicides Practicing emergency room nurses, pediatric critical care nurses, nurse practitioners, and student practitioners will find this book to be an essential reference guide for managing and understanding pediatric forensics.

The Death Of Innocents

Author: Richard Firstman
Publisher: Bantam
ISBN: 0307806987
Size: 62.60 MB
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Unraveling a twenty-five-year tale of multiple murder and medical deception, The Death of Innocents is a work of first-rate journalism told with the compelling narrative drive of a mystery novel. More than just a true-crime story, it is the stunning expose of spurious science that sent medical researchers in the wrong direction--and nearly allowed a murderer to go unpunished. On July 28, 1971, a two-and-a-half-month-old baby named Noah Hoyt died in his trailer home in a rural hamlet of upstate New York. He was the fifth child of Waneta and Tim Hoyt to die suddenly in the space of seven years. People certainly talked, but Waneta spoke vaguely of "crib death," and over time the talk faded. Nearly two decades later a district attorney in Syracuse, New York, was alerted to a landmark paper in the literature on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome--SIDS--that had been published in a prestigious medical journal back in 1972. Written by a prominent researcher at a Syracuse medical center, the article described a family in which five children had died suddenly without explanation. The D.A. was convinced that something about this account was very wrong. An intensive quest by a team of investigators came to a climax in the spring of 1995, in a dramatic multiple-murder trial that made headlines nationwide. But this book is not only a vivid account of infanticide revealed; it is also a riveting medical detective story. That journal article had legitimized the deaths of the last two babies by theorizing a cause for the mystery of SIDS, suggesting it could be predicted and prevented, and fostering the presumption that SIDS runs in families. More than two decades of multimillion-dollar studies have failed to confirm any of these widely accepted premises. How all this happened--could have happened--is a compelling story of high-stakes medical research in action. And the enigma of familial SIDS has given rise to a special and terrible irony. There is today a maxim in forensic pathology: One unexplained infant death in a family is SIDS. Two is very suspicious. Three is homicide. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Medicolegal Death Investigation System

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309167048
Size: 29.90 MB
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The US Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice (NIJ) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of The National Academies to conduct a workshop that would examine the interface of the medicolegal death investigation system and the criminal justice system. NIJ was particularly interested in a workshop in which speakers would highlight not only the status and needs of the medicolegal death investigation system as currently administered by medical examiners and coroners but also its potential to meet emerging issues facing contemporary society in America. Additionally, the workshop was to highlight priority areas for a potential IOM study on this topic. To achieve those goals, IOM constituted the Committee for the Workshop on the Medicolegal Death Investigation System, which developed a workshop that focused on the role of the medical examiner and coroner death investigation system and its promise for improving both the criminal justice system and the public health and health care systems, and their ability to respond to terrorist threats and events. Six panels were formed to highlight different aspects of the medicolegal death investigation system, including ways to improve it and expand it beyond its traditional response and meet growing demands and challenges. This report summarizes the Workshop presentations and discussions that followed them.