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Perpetrators And Accessories In International Criminal Law

Author: Neha Jain
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782254102
Size: 20.91 MB
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International criminal law lacks a coherent account of individual responsibility. This failure is due to the inability of international tribunals to capture the distinctive nature of individual responsibility for crimes that are collective by their very nature. Specifically, they have misunderstood the nature of the collective action or framework that makes these crimes possible, and for which liability may be attributed to intellectual authors, policy makers and leaders. In this book, the author draws on insights from comparative law and methodology to propose doctrines of perpetration and secondary responsibility that reflect the role and function of high-level participants in mass atrocity, while simultaneously situating them within the political and social climate which renders these crimes possible. This new doctrine is developed through a novel approach which combines and restructures divergent theoretical perspectives on attribution of responsibility in English and German domestic criminal law, as major representatives of the common law and civil law systems. At the same time, it analyses existing theories of responsibility in international criminal law and assesses whether there is any justification for their retention by international criminal tribunals.

Research Handbook On The International Penal System

Author: Róisín Mulgrew
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783472162
Size: 48.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Drawing on the expertise and experience of contributors from a wide range of academic, professional and judicial backgrounds, this handbook critically analyses the laws, policies and practices that govern detention, punishment and the enforcement of sentences in the international criminal justice context. Comprehensive and innovative, it also explores broader normative questions related to international punishment and makes recommendations for the international penal system's development.

Prosecuting International Crimes A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: Bartłomiej Krzan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900432366X
Size: 41.70 MB
Format: PDF
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The volume combines different views, backgrounds and underlying assumptions on the prosecution of international crimes. The contributions shed some additional, useful light that might prove helpful for identifying new dimensions of the reaction (judicial or other) towards international atrocities.

Theories Of Co Perpetration In International Criminal Law

Author: Lachezar D. Yanev
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004357505
Size: 57.24 MB
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This book provides a refined definition of co-perpetration responsibility that could be uniformly applied in both the ad hoc- and the treaty-based (ICC Rome Statue) model of international criminal justice.

Elements Of Accessorial Modes Of Liability

Author: Sarah Finnin
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004228071
Size: 14.69 MB
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This volume continues the work of the Preparatory Commission of the International Criminal Court by developing ‘elements’ for ordering, instigating and aiding and abetting the commission of international crimes under Article 25(3)(b) and (c) of the Rome Statute.

Pluralism In International Criminal Law

Author: Elies van Sliedregt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019100829X
Size: 24.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Despite the growth in international criminal courts and tribunals, the majority of cases concerning international criminal law are prosecuted at the domestic level. This means that both international and domestic courts have to contend with a plethora of relevant, but often contradictory, judgments by international institutions and by other domestic courts. This book provides a detailed investigation into the impact this pluralism has had on international criminal law and procedure, and examines the key problems which arise from it. The work identifies the various interpretations of the concept of pluralism and discusses how it manifests in a broad range of aspects of international criminal law and practice. These include substantive jurisdiction, the definition of crimes, modes of individual criminal responsibility for international crimes, sentencing, fair trial rights, law of evidence, truth-finding, and challenges faced by both international and domestic courts in gathering, testing and evaluating evidence. Authored by leading practitioners and academics in the field, the book employs pluralism as a methodological tool to advance the debate beyond the classic view of 'legal pluralism' leading to a problematic fragmentation of the international legal order. It argues instead that pluralism is a fundamental and indispensable feature of international criminal law which permeates it on several levels: through multiple legal regimes and enforcement fora, diversified sources and interpretations of concepts, and numerous identities underpinning the law and practice. The book addresses the virtues and dangers of pluralism, reflecting on the need for, and prospects of, harmonization of international criminal law around a common grammar. It ultimately brings together the theories of legal pluralism, the comparative law discourse on legal transplants, harmonization, and convergence, and the international legal debate on fragmentation to show where pluralism and divergence will need to be accepted as regular, and even beneficial, features of international criminal justice.

Individual Criminal Responsibility For Core International Crimes

Author: Ciara Damgaard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354078781X
Size: 75.86 MB
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1.1 Opening Remarks and Objectives Crimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law 2 be enforced. This is, perhaps, the most renowned citation from the judgment of the Int- national Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (“IMT”). In the six decades which have passed since the IMT judgment was handed down, the recognition of the c- cept of individual criminal responsibility for core international crimes has been significantly reinforced and developed, particularly since the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (“ICTY”) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (“ICTR”) in the 1990’s and most recently the International Criminal Court (“ICC”). The media has, of course, played a crucial role in increasing awareness of this concept, especially amongst the general populace. Indeed, the concept has, arguably, a much higher profile today, than ever before in its history. However, the concept of individual criminal responsibility for core inter- tional crimes is neither as straightforward nor as single-facetted, as might appear on first glance. While the general principle behind the concept does not generate too many difficulties, it is in its practical application that the more challenging aspects of the concept are brought to the fore. Each of these ‘challenging - pects’ can also be described as a ‘pertinent issue’ of the concept of individual criminal responsibility for core international crimes.

Internationales Und Europaisches Strafrecht

Author: Helmut Satzger
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft
ISBN: 9783848720057
Size: 23.98 MB
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In Wissenschaft, Praxis und Ausbildung ist seit einigen Jahren das Strafrecht in seiner internationalen Bedeutung verstarkt in den Mittelpunkt des Interesses geruckt. Und das zu Recht: Denn zunehmend haben wir es mit Kriminalitat zu tun, die "uber die Grenzen" hinweg agiert, und eine strafrechtliche Zusammenarbeit auf internationaler Ebene bedingt. So hat die Europaische Union - nicht zuletzt seit dem Vertrag von Lissabon - starke Moglichkeiten, das nationale Straf- und Strafverfahrensrecht zu beeinflussen. Auf volkerrechtlicher Ebene ist sogar ein ganzlich eigenstandiges Strafrechtssystem fur volkerrechtliche Verbrechen entstanden, das spatestens seit den ersten Urteilen der internationalen Gerichte - nun auch des standigen Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs - effektiv zur Durchsetzung gelangt. Das - mittlerweile in 7. Auflage vorliegende - Lehrbuch will dieser internationalen Dimension gerecht werden, indem das Strafanwendungsrecht, das Straf- und Strafverfahrensrecht der Europaischen Union, die einschlagigen Garantien der Europaischen Menschenrechtskonvention sowie das Volkerstrafrecht in seinen wesentlichen Grundzugen dargestellt werden. Die Neuauflage ist durchgangig aktualisiert, uberarbeitet und zum Teil erweitert. Zur Erleichterung der Arbeit mit diesem Buch finden sich - in bewahrter Manier - alle wichtigen Dokumente, auf die Bezug genommen wird, auf einer standig aktualisierten Homepage (www.lehrbuch-satzger.de).

The International Criminal Court In Search Of Its Purpose And Identity

Author: Triestino Mariniello
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317703081
Size: 77.72 MB
Format: PDF
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The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first permanent international criminal tribunal, which has jurisdiction over the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crime of aggression. This book critically analyses the law and practice of the ICC and its contribution to the development of international criminal law and policy. The book focuses on the key procedural and substantive challenges faced by the ICC since its establishment. The critical analysis of the normative framework aims to elaborate ways in which the Court may resolve difficulties, which prevent it from reaching its declared objectives in particularly complex situations. Contributors to the book include leading experts in international criminal justice, and cover a range of topics including, inter alia, terrorism, modes of liability, ne bis in idem, victims reparations, the evidentiary threshold for the confirmation of charges, and sentencing. The book also considers the relationship between the ICC and States, and explores the impact that the new regime of international criminal justice has had on countries where the most serious crimes have been committed. In drawing together these discussions, the book provides a significant contribution in assessing how the ICC’s practice could be refined or improved in future cases. The book will be of great use and interest to international criminal law and public international law.