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Pharmaceutical Economics And Policy

Author: Stuart O. Schweitzer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190623802
Size: 73.20 MB
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Pharmaceuticals constitute a relatively small share of the total healthcare expenditure in most developed economies, and yet they play a critical role in the ongoing debate over how best to advance, improve, and afford healthcare. Despite this, and perhaps because of this, the industry has had, for many years, an outsized claim to fame and controversy, praise and criticisms, support and condemnation. Unfortunately, many participants in the debate do not fully understand the complexities of the industry and its role in the overall healthcare system. The analytical tools of economics provide a strong foundation for a better understanding of the dynamics of the pharmaceutical industry, its contribution to health and healthcare, its dual and often conflicting priorities of affordability and innovation, as well as the various private and public policy initiatives directed at the sector. This third edition of a uniquely comprehensive and balanced examination of the industry includes several new chapters on important topics such as the full-fledged generics sector, the arrival of biosimilars or generic biological drugs, the global consolidation of manufacturers, the evolving reimbursement landscape, and the emergence of the world's most populous nations, such as China, India, and Brazil, as both suppliers and consumers of pharmaceutical products. Other chapters have been fully rewritten or extensively updated, covering such important topics as the cost efficiency of research and development, pace of new innovations, economic evaluation and value-based pricing of drugs, and public and private interventions in the industry.

Pharmaceutical Economics And Public Policy

Author: Ronald Vogel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439801345
Size: 44.84 MB
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Get a comprehensive explanation of the key economic concepts on how the pharmaceutical market functions The pharmaceutical industry has come under intense public scrutiny for the perception of product prices being too high and for concerns about research and development spending. Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy carefully explains the fundamentals of pharmaceutical economics while examining spending, costs, rates of return, and policies affecting the industry. This text provides a comprehensive economic analysis of the most important dimensions of the pharmaceutical market with easy-to-understand analysis of the implications of public policy. Key economic concepts necessary for understanding how the pharmaceutical market functions are clearly explained in detail. Though it is a manufacturing industry, the pharmaceutical industry has several economic aspects that make it fundamentally different from any other. Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy takes these sometimes confusing and difficult economic aspects within this unique industry and makes them understandable. The book is carefully referenced and includes numerous figures and tables to clearly present data. Topics in Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy include: policymaking—self-interest vs. public interest a pharmaceutical market overview empirical data on cost effectiveness of pharmaceutical use the economics and politics of the regulatory process the economics of patent policies pharmaceutical cost structure why price discrimination occurs in patented pharmaceuticals governmental price controls R&D expenditures sales and marketing expenditures rates of profitability in the pharmaceutical industry mergers and acquisitions and the connection to higher risk levels the future of the pharmaceutical industry Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy is an invaluable resource for educators, graduate students, policymakers, legislators, policy analysts, government agencies, and trade associations involved with pharmaceuticals.

Pharmaceutical Economics

Author: William S. Comanor
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: 9780857934499
Size: 28.13 MB
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Pharmaceutical Economics begins with an investigation of the structure of the industry and its three main components: the research firms which produce innovative products; the generic drug industry and its expanding role; and the biotech industry, which is regarded as the future for pharmaceuticals. Further sections discuss topics including demand and incentives, pricing and regulation.

Health Economics And Policy Challenges In Global Emerging Markets

Author: Mihajlo Jakovljevic
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781634847087
Size: 54.24 MB
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This book is an attempt to tackle some of the key global health challenges with a focus on the leading, emerging countries and mature free-market economies facing similar issues. It consists of seven chapters written by well-recognized scholars in the field affiliated to academia, pharmaceutical industry and hospital sectors based in Japan, USA, China, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland, Ireland, Serbia, Bulgaria, Poland and Albania. The contributors had diverse expert profiles in health economics, clinical medicine, public health and population aging. Regional health care issues were processed and referred to the BRICS and N-11 nations, North American region, Far East Asia, Western and Eastern Europe. Some of the difficulties of contemporary health systems tackled in certain chapters were: population aging, health spending, insurance coverage, health technology assessment, costs of pharmaceutical development, neurological disorder and diabetes economics, public health legislation and caregiver assessment in a traditional Asian setting. All of the aforementioned research might give a dynamic impetus and expand a mental horizon to the professionals dealing with these issues. We believe that this book deserves a broad global audience consisting of health care professionals, policy makers, health economists, clinical physicians and lay persons eager to expand their knowledge in the field. Our attitude is based on the worldwide academic recognition of the listed contributors. The degree of success of these ambitiously targeted efforts will be assessed by our esteemed audience in years to come.

Research Methods For Pharmaceutical Practice And Policy

Author: Rajender R. Aparasu
Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press
ISBN: 0853698805
Size: 72.70 MB
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This text provides the theory and practice for conducting pharmaceutical policy research. It covers all aspects of scientific research from conceptualising to statistical analysis. It also provides scientific basis and a good understanding of the principles and practice of conducting pharmaceutical policy research.--[Source inconnue].

Pharmaceutical Industry And Public Policy In Post Reform India

Author: Reji K. Joseph
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317408837
Size: 44.85 MB
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This book examines the impact of economic reforms in India on the pharmaceutical industry and access to medicines. It traces the changing production and trade pattern of the industry, research and development (R&D) preferences and strategies of Indian pharmaceutical firms, patent system alongside pricing policy measures and their shortcomings. It also analyses the public health financing system in India driven largely by out-of-pocket expenditure — about 60 per cent — and characterised by very high share of medicines in total health expenditure. A masterful insight into a topical area, the work will be indispensable to those working on pharmaceutical industry and public policy. It will be of interest to researchers, scholars, students, and policy-makers of economics, industrial policy, public policy, intellectual property rights and health financing.

Health Economics And Policy

Author: James Henderson
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285758498
Size: 66.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The 6th edition of HEALTH ECONOMICS AND POLICY thoroughly demonstrates how microeconomic principles apply to health care delivery and its policies. The text explores the changing nature of health care, the social and political sides of issues, and the future of health care delivery and finance under the Affordable Care Act; the text also teaches students to analyze public policy from an economic perspective. Written for non-economics majors, HEALTH ECONOMICS AND POLICY delivers significant economic content and is appropriate for economics majors. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Oxford Handbook Of The Economics Of The Biopharmaceutical Industry

Author: Patricia M. Danzon
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199742995
Size: 77.63 MB
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This timely volume comprises eighteen chapters by leading academics on the economics of the biopharmaceutical industry. Part one examines economic determinants of biopharmaceutical R&D including financing, regulation, and patents. Part two addresses major issues in pharmaceutical markets including pricing, price regulation, and promotion; insurance coverage and effects of patient cost-sharing; the health value of pharmaceuticals; and the endemic use of mergers, acquisitions, and alliances.

Handbook Of Pharmaceutical Public Policy

Author: Thomas R. Fulda
Publisher: Haworth Press
ISBN: 0789030586
Size: 40.99 MB
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Get an invaluable view of the impact of economics and politics on pharmaceuticals in the United States Pharmacy and pharmaceutical drug use are highly regulated and the various regulatory forces interact with diverse goals. Pharmaceutical Public Policy is a comprehensive review of the legislation, trends, business developments, and policy interpretations that have shaped drug use during the last 50 years. This unique single source explains drug regulatory activity, the major insurance and payment systems, and the impact of economics and politics on drug use in the United States. Leading experts provide a thorough and objective look at public policy issues, making this text perfect for upper level undergraduate and graduate level pharmacy, medical, and public health educators and students. Pharmacists and pharmacy students must learn more than just the physical sciences and clinical aspects of the pharmaceutical industry. The rationale for policies, rules, and regulations is integral to understanding how to best serve patients and make the entire pharmaceutical sector more equitable and cost-effective. Pharmaceutical Public Policy examines the most pressing issues facing the industry, including control of the rising costs for drugs and ensuring correct drug usage by patients. This insightful text offers an in depth perspective of the policies and the debates that surround them. Chapters are well-referenced and many include helpful figures and tables to illustrate facts and ideas. Topics in Pharmaceutical Public Policy include: pharmacy law and regulation Medicare and prescription drug coverage FDA drug approval process Medicaid and prescription drugs public health pharmacy Department of Veterans Affairs pharmacy programs Department of Defense pharmacy programs innovative state drug program practices state and federal regulation of pharmacy the future of the pharmaceutical industry managed care pharmacy PBM’s (pharmacy benefit managers) risk minimization importation and reimportation biotechnology and pharmacogenetics policy and issues product promotion competition between drugs drug insurance design patient compliance abuse of prescription drugs health care systems and insurance in Europe much more Pharmaceutical Public Policy is a one-of-a-kind resource that explains just who the players are and the complexity of the issues that are examined in most pharmaceutical policy debates, and is perfect for pharmacy students, educators, other health professionals, trade association leaders, and policymakers.