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Physics

Author: Jim Breithaupt
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137443243
Size: 62.95 MB
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This established text provides a first course in physics for students on access or foundation programmes and for non-specialist students on degree courses such as biological sciences, chemical sciences, engineering, mathematics and geology for whom physics is a subsidiary subject. The book is also suitable for trainee science teachers and medical students who need to develop a solid background in physics. Physics offers various routes into the subject via independent introductory sections on mechanics, materials, waves and electricity. Assuming no prior knowledge and focusing on the essentials, the text develops sections on fields, electromagnetism, electronics, atomic and nuclear physics, and advanced mechanics and thermodynamics, in a logical and succinct style. Illustrations are used extensively to support theoretical explanations and help readers understand the fundamentals of physics. Now in its fourth edition, Physics contains a new section on rotational dynamics, additional applications features throughout and it has an attractive new layout and design. Key features include: - mathematical exercises and extensive mathematical support - worked examples in every chapter - a glossary of key terms and concepts - chapter objectives and summaries - online resources at www.palgrave.com/foundations/breithaupt, including further case studies and experiments Ideal for use as a class text or for independent study, Physics will help students who are new to the subject to gain confidence in their knowledge and understanding of physics.

Physics

Author: Jim Breithaupt
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 074871720X
Size: 44.86 MB
Format: PDF
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This teacher's guide accompanies a textbook written for the co-ordinated science syllabuses under the National Curriculum, and for Science: Physics. There are companion volumes on biology and chemistry. Topics are differentiated into core material for Double/Single Science and extension material for Science: Physics. These topics are linked to related ones in the companion volumes, but the links are optional, allowing the physics book to stand alone. The teacher's guide includes a link to the Programme of Study for Sc4 (and part of Sc3) and an analysis of the separate science syllabuses of all the main boards.

A Short Course In Quantum Information Theory

Author: Lajos Diosi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642161170
Size: 24.65 MB
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This short and concise primer takes the vantage point of theoretical physics and the unity of physics. It sets out to strip the burgeoning field of quantum information science to its basics by linking it to universal concepts in physics. An extensive lecture rather than a comprehensive textbook, this volume is based on courses delivered over several years to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, but essentially it addresses anyone with a working knowledge of basic quantum physics. Readers will find these lectures a most adequate entry point for theoretical studies in this field. For the second edition, the authors has succeeded in adding many new topics while sticking to the conciseness of the overall approach. A new chapter on qubit thermodynamics has been added, while new sections and subsections have been incorporated in various chapter to deal with weak and time-continuous measurements, period-finding quantum algorithms and quantum error corrections. From the reviews of the first edition: "The best things about this book are its brevity and clarity. In around 100 pages it provides a tutorial introduction to quantum information theory, including problems and solutions. ... it’s worth a look if you want to quickly get up to speed with the language and central concepts of quantum information theory, including the background classical information theory." (Craig Savage, Australian Physics, Vol. 44 (2), 2007)

Foundations Of Quantum Mechanics

Author: Travis Norsen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319658670
Size: 79.46 MB
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Authored by an acclaimed teacher of quantum physics and philosophy, this textbook pays special attention to the aspects that many courses sweep under the carpet. Traditional courses in quantum mechanics teach students how to use the quantum formalism to make calculations. But even the best students - indeed, especially the best students - emerge rather confused about what, exactly, the theory says is going on, physically, in microscopic systems. This supplementary textbook is designed to help such students understand that they are not alone in their confusions (luminaries such as Albert Einstein, Erwin Schroedinger, and John Stewart Bell having shared them), to sharpen their understanding of the most important difficulties associated with interpreting quantum theory in a realistic manner, and to introduce them to the most promising attempts to formulate the theory in a way that is physically clear and coherent. The text is accessible to students with at least one semester of prior exposure to quantum (or "modern") physics and includes over a hundred engaging end-of-chapter "Projects" that make the book suitable for either a traditional classroom or for self-study.

Chemistry

Author: Rob Lewis Wynne Evans
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137610379
Size: 77.72 MB
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From Galileo To Modern Economics

Author: Gianfranco Tusset
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319956124
Size: 22.89 MB
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Empirical laws are rare in economics. This book describes efforts to anchor economic knowledge to invariant empirical laws. It links 17th and 18th century Galilean monetary economists to econophysics, a field that emerged in the mid-1990s. This virtual journey from past to present is charted by episodes on aggregates and empirical primacy. It includes the virtually unknown story of 19th century scholars who, by searching for a stricter mathematical approach, paved the way to an ‘engineering’ view of economics. Then there are celebrities like Pareto and his first empirical law governing the distribution of wealth. Pareto and Amoroso sparked a debate on the skewed distribution that spanned decades, ranging from finance to market transformations, to econophysics, with its concepts and tools inherited from statistical physics. The last stage of the journey goes through econophysics and the recent gradual advances it has made, which show how its position vis-à-vis economics has been changing.

Superradiance

Author: Richard Brito
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319190008
Size: 65.85 MB
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This volume gives a unified picture of the multifaceted subject of superradiance, with a focus on recent developments in the field, ranging from fundamental physics to astrophysics. Superradiance is a radiation enhancement process that involves dissipative systems. With a 60 year-old history, superradiance has played a prominent role in optics, quantum mechanics and especially in relativity and astrophysics. In Einstein's General Relativity, black-hole superradiance is permitted by dissipation at the event horizon, which allows energy extraction from the vacuum, even at the classical level. When confined, this amplified radiation can give rise to strong instabilities known as "blackhole bombs'', which have applications in searches for dark matter, in physics beyond the Standard Model and in analog models of gravity. This book discusses and draws together all these fascinating aspects of superradiance.

Questioning The Foundations Of Physics

Author: Anthony Aguirre
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319130455
Size: 51.63 MB
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The essays in this book look at way in which the fundaments of physics might need to be changed in order to make progress towards a unified theory. They are based on the prize-winning essays submitted to the FQXi essay competition “Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?”, which drew over 270 entries. As Nobel Laureate physicist Philip W. Anderson realized, the key to understanding nature’s reality is not anything “magical”, but the right attitude, “the focus on asking the right questions, the willingness to try (and to discard) unconventional answers, the sensitive ear for phoniness, self-deception, bombast, and conventional but unproven assumptions.” The authors of the eighteen prize-winning essays have, where necessary, adapted their essays for the present volume so as to (a) incorporate the community feedback generated in the online discussion of the essays, (b) add new material that has come to light since their completion and (c) to ensure accessibility to a broad audience of readers with a basic grounding in physics. The Foundational Questions Institute, FQXi, catalyzes, supports, and disseminates research on questions at the foundations of physics and cosmology, particularly new frontiers and innovative ideas integral to a deep understanding of reality, but unlikely to be supported by conventional funding sources.

An Introduction To Tensors And Group Theory For Physicists

Author: Nadir Jeevanjee
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319147943
Size: 69.50 MB
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The second edition of this highly praised textbook provides an introduction to tensors, group theory, and their applications in classical and quantum physics. Both intuitive and rigorous, it aims to demystify tensors by giving the slightly more abstract but conceptually much clearer definition found in the math literature, and then connects this formulation to the component formalism of physics calculations. New pedagogical features, such as new illustrations, tables, and boxed sections, as well as additional “invitation” sections that provide accessible introductions to new material, offer increased visual engagement, clarity, and motivation for students. Part I begins with linear algebraic foundations, follows with the modern component-free definition of tensors, and concludes with applications to physics through the use of tensor products. Part II introduces group theory, including abstract groups and Lie groups and their associated Lie algebras, then intertwines this material with that of Part I by introducing representation theory. Examples and exercises are provided in each chapter for good practice in applying the presented material and techniques. Prerequisites for this text include the standard lower-division mathematics and physics courses, though extensive references are provided for the motivated student who has not yet had these. Advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in physics and applied mathematics will find this textbook to be a clear, concise, and engaging introduction to tensors and groups. Reviews of the First Edition “[P]hysicist Nadir Jeevanjee has produced a masterly book that will help other physicists understand those subjects [tensors and groups] as mathematicians understand them... From the first pages, Jeevanjee shows amazing skill in finding fresh, compelling words to bring forward the insight that animates the modern mathematical view...[W]ith compelling force and clarity, he provides many carefully worked-out examples and well-chosen specific problems... Jeevanjee’s clear and forceful writing presents familiar cases with a freshness that will draw in and reassure even a fearful student. [This] is a masterpiece of exposition and explanation that would win credit for even a seasoned author.” —Physics Today "Jeevanjee’s [text] is a valuable piece of work on several counts, including its express pedagogical service rendered to fledgling physicists and the fact that it does indeed give pure mathematicians a way to come to terms with what physicists are saying with the same words we use, but with an ostensibly different meaning. The book is very easy to read, very user-friendly, full of examples...and exercises, and will do the job the author wants it to do with style.” —MAA Reviews