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Plain Honest Men

Author: Richard Beeman
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 9781588367266
Size: 43.99 MB
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In May 1787, in an atmosphere of crisis, delegates met in Philadelphia to design a radically new form of government. Distinguished historian Richard Beeman captures as never before the dynamic of the debate and the characters of the men who labored that historic summer. Virtually all of the issues in dispute—the extent of presidential power, the nature of federalism, and, most explosive of all, the role of slavery—have continued to provoke conflict throughout our nation's history. This unprecedented book takes readers behind the scenes to show how the world's most enduring constitution was forged through conflict, compromise, and fragile consensus. As Gouverneur Morris, delegate of Pennsylvania, noted: "While some have boasted it as a work from Heaven, others have given it a less righteous origin. I have many reasons to believe that it is the work of plain, honest men."

Plain Honest Men

Author: Richard R. Beeman
Publisher: Tantor Media Incorporated
ISBN: 9781400129850
Size: 64.66 MB
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A full-scale account of the deliberations of the Founding Fathers at the Constitutional Convention. Beeman goes beyond the debates to show how the world's most important constitution was forged through conflict, compromise, and eventually fragile consensus.

American Revolutions A Continental History 1750 1804

Author: Alan Taylor
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393253872
Size: 69.94 MB
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“Excellent . . . deserves high praise. Mr. Taylor conveys this sprawling continental history with economy, clarity, and vividness.”—Brendan Simms, Wall Street Journal The American Revolution is often portrayed as a high-minded, orderly event whose capstone, the Constitution, provided the nation its democratic framework. Alan Taylor, a two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, gives us a different creation story in this magisterial history. The American Revolution builds like a ground fire overspreading Britain’s colonies, fueled by local conditions and resistant to control. Emerging from the continental rivalries of European empires and their native allies, the revolution pivoted on western expansion as well as seaboard resistance to British taxes. When war erupted, Patriot crowds harassed Loyalists and nonpartisans into compliance with their cause. The war exploded in set battles like Saratoga and Yorktown and spread through continuing frontier violence. The discord smoldering within the fragile new nation called forth a movement to concentrate power through a Federal Constitution. Assuming the mantle of “We the People,” the advocates of national power ratified the new frame of government. But it was Jefferson’s expansive “empire of liberty” that carried the revolution forward, propelling white settlement and slavery west, preparing the ground for a new conflagration.

The Framers Coup

Author: Michael J. Klarman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190612215
Size: 73.15 MB
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Americans revere their Constitution. However, most of us are unaware how tumultuous and improbable the drafting and ratification processes were. As Benjamin Franklin keenly observed, any assembly of men bring with them "all their prejudices, their passions, their errors of opinion, their local interests and their selfish views." One need not deny that the Framers had good intentions in order to believe that they also had interests. Based on prodigious research and told largely through the voices of the participants, Michael Klarman's The Framers' Coup narrates how the Framers' clashing interests shaped the Constitution--and American history itself. The Philadelphia convention could easily have been a failure, and the risk of collapse was always present. Had the convention dissolved, any number of adverse outcomes could have resulted, including civil war or a reversion to monarchy. Not only does Klarman capture the knife's-edge atmosphere of the convention, he populates his narrative with riveting and colorful stories: the rebellion of debtor farmers in Massachusetts; George Washington's uncertainty about whether to attend; Gunning Bedford's threat to turn to a European prince if the small states were denied equal representation in the Senate; slave staters' threats to take their marbles and go home if denied representation for their slaves; Hamilton's quasi-monarchist speech to the convention; and Patrick Henry's herculean efforts to defeat the Constitution in Virginia through demagoguery and conspiracy theories. The Framers' Coup is more than a compendium of great stories, however, and the powerful arguments that feature throughout will reshape our understanding of the nation's founding. Simply put, the Constitutional Convention almost didn't happen, and once it happened, it almost failed. And, even after the convention succeeded, the Constitution it produced almost failed to be ratified. Just as importantly, the Constitution was hardly the product of philosophical reflections by brilliant, disinterested statesmen, but rather ordinary interest group politics. Multiple conflicting interests had a say, from creditors and debtors to city dwellers and backwoodsmen. The upper class overwhelmingly supported the Constitution; many working class colonists were more dubious. Slave states and nonslave states had different perspectives on how well the Constitution served their interests. Ultimately, both the Constitution's content and its ratification process raise troubling questions about democratic legitimacy. The Federalists were eager to avoid full-fledged democratic deliberation over the Constitution, and the document that was ratified was stacked in favor of their preferences. And in terms of substance, the Constitution was a significant departure from the more democratic state constitutions of the 1770s. Definitive and authoritative, The Framers' Coup explains why the Framers preferred such a constitution and how they managed to persuade the country to adopt it. We have lived with the consequences, both positive and negative, ever since.

Wenn M Nner Mir Die Welt Erkl Ren

Author: Rebecca Solnit
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455003486
Size: 13.71 MB
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»Das beste Buch des Jahres.« Lena Dunham Rebecca Solnit ist eine der wichtigsten feministischen Denkerinnen unserer Zeit. Ihr Essay Wenn Männer mir die Welt erklären hat weltweit für Furore gesorgt: Scharfsinnig analysiert Solnit männliche Arroganz, die die Kommunikation zwischen Männern und Frauen erschwert. Voller Biss, Komik und stilistischer Eleganz widmet sie sich in ihren Essays dem augenblicklichen Zustand der Geschlechterverhältnisse. Ein Mann, der mit seinem Wissen prahlt, in der Annahme, dass seine Gesprächspartnerin ohnehin keine Ahnung hat - jede Frau hat diese Situation schon einmal erlebt. Rebecca Solnit untersucht dieses Phänomen und weitere Mechanismen von Sexismus. Sie deckt Missstände auf, die meist gar nicht als solche erkannt werden, weil Übergriffe auf Frauen akzeptiert sind, als normal gelten. Dabei befasst sich die Autorin mit der Kernfamilie als Institution genauso wie mit Gewalt gegen Frauen, französischen Sex-Skandalen, Virginia Woolf oder postkolonialen Machtverhältnissen. Leidenschaftlich, präzise und mit einem radikal neuen Blick zeigt Rebecca Solnit auf, was längst noch nicht selbstverständlich ist: Für die Gleichberechtigung von Frauen und Männern gilt es, die Stimme zu erheben.

James Madison

Author: Jeff Broadwater
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807869910
Size: 12.91 MB
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James Madison is remembered primarily as a systematic political theorist, but this bookish and unassuming man was also a practical politician who strove for balance in an age of revolution. In this biography, Jeff Broadwater focuses on Madison's role in the battle for religious freedom in Virginia, his contributions to the adoption of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, his place in the evolution of the party system, his relationship with Dolley Madison, his performance as a wartime commander in chief, and his views on slavery. From Broadwater's perspective, no single figure can tell us more about the origins of the American republic than our fourth president. In these pages, Madison emerges as a remarkably resilient politician, an unlikely wartime leader who survived repeated setbacks in the War of 1812 with his popularity intact. Yet Broadwater shows that despite his keen intelligence, the more Madison thought about one issue, race, the more muddled his thinking became, and his conviction that white prejudices were intractable prevented him from fully grappling with the dilemma of American slavery.

Genesis

Author: Hermann Gunkel
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525516517
Size: 72.94 MB
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The Elements Of Politics

Author: Henry Sidgwick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108043933
Size: 53.42 MB
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An examination of theoretical and practical aspects of governance, published in 1891 by one of Britain's leading political philosophers.