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Plant Animal Interactions

Author: Carlos M. Herrera
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444312294
Size: 43.81 MB
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Interactions between plants and animals are incredibly diverse and complex and span terrestrial, atmospheric and aquatic environments. The last decade has seen the emergence of a vast quantity of data on the subject and there is now a perceived need among both teachers and undergraduate students for a new textbook that incorporates the numerous recent advances made in the field. The book is intended for use by advanced level undergraduate and beginning graduate students, taking related courses in wider ecology degree programmes. Very few books cover this subject and those that do are out of date.

Plant Animal Interactions An Ecological Approach

Author: Isaac Clements
Publisher: Syrawood Publishing House
ISBN: 9781682865361
Size: 12.68 MB
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Plant-animal interactions are biological processes that occur between plants and animals in an ecosystem. Biodiversity is a key factor in the propagation and sustenance of an ecosystem. The symbiotic relationships that are formed by different species contribute to vital environmental processes such as pollination, seed dispersal, etc. Species evolution also depends on the surrounding environment. Natural resources are common for all species and cooperation and competition depends on the availability of food and water. From theories to research to practical applications, case studies related to all contemporary topics of relevance to this field have been included herein. With state-of-the-art inputs by acclaimed experts of this field, this book targets students and professionals.

The Short Tailed Fruit Bat

Author: Theodore H. Fleming
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226253282
Size: 13.88 MB
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As dusk settles over the Costa Rican forest, the short-tailed fruit bat, Carollia perspicillata, stirs from its cave roost. Flying out to search for ripe fruit, Carollia returns to a night roost in the forest vegetation to eat. After a few such flights Carollia rests, and the fruits pass through its short digestive tract. The seeds are excreted onto the ground, to be eaten in turn by mice and insects, but a few are pushed into crevices where they await the necessary conditions for germination. In The Short-tailed Fruit Bat, Theodore Fleming examines Carollia's role in the ecology of tropical forests. Based on more than ten years' research, this study provides the most detailed ecological and evolutionary account to date of the life history of a Neotropical mammal and includes striking photographs of the bats in flight.

Plant Animal Interactions In Mediterranean Type Ecosystems

Author: Margarita Arianoutsou-Faraggitaki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401109087
Size: 35.89 MB
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The Sixth International Conference on Mediterranean Climate ecosystems was held at Maleme (Crete), Greece, from September 23 to September 27, 1991. This conference had as its theme 'Plant-Animal Interactions in Mediterranean-type Ecosystems'. Most of the papers presented to that meeting have already been published (see Thanos, C.A. ed., 1992, Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems, Athens, 389 pp.). These 57 papers were all necessarily short. But the theme of plant-animal interactions was considered by the Organizing Committee to be so important to a fundamental understanding of the ecology of Mediterranean-climate ecosystems and to an enhanced management ·of those systems that various international research scientists were invited to prepare longer contributions on major aspects of the overall theme. The Book that follows represents the result of those invitations. All five regions of Mediterranean climate are represented - Chile, California, southern Australia and the Cape Province of South Africa, as well as the Mediterranean Basin itself.


Author: F. Bongers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401598215
Size: 58.64 MB
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Nouragues is a tropical forest research station in French Guiana. It was established in 1986 for research on natural mechanisms of forest regeneration. Since then a lot of research has been done on this and related topics. This book provides an overview of the main research results, and focuses on plant communities, vertebrate communities and evolutionary ecology, frugivory and seed dispersal, and forest dynamics and recruitment. The appendices give (annoted) checklists of plants, birds, mammals, herpetofauna and fishes found in the same area.

Plant Animal Interactions

Author: Peter W. Price
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471509370
Size: 24.75 MB
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Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions Edited by Pedro Barbosa and Deborah K. Letourneau Focusing on three trophic levels, this study widens the current understanding of the ecological interactions between plants, herbivores, and their parasitoids and predators. Emphasized are the mediating effects of plant-derived allelochemicals on those interactions. The text also covers microorganisms as mediators of intertrophic and intratrophic interactions; theory and mechanisms: plant effects via allelochemicals on the third trophic level; and key roles of plant allelochemicals in survival strategies of herbivores. 1988 (0 471-83276-6) 362 pp. Plant Stress-Insect Interactions Edited by E. A. Heinrichs "This is a far-reaching, seminal book that summarizes our understanding of the complexity of real-world ecology." —Choice This first major overview of the various abiotic and biotic stresses on plants outlines in detail what impact their responses have on their suitability as insect hosts. The effects of abiotic stress are catalogued in up-to-date research from leading specialists. The implications of plant stress on global food production in this era of diminishing croplands and rising populations is described, as well as avenues for the development of tolerant crop cultivars. 1988 (0 471-82648-0) 492 pp. Plant Resistance to Insects A Fundamental Approach C. Michael Smith This comprehensive text—developed out of the author’s vast field and academic experience—describes how biological and agricultural scientists identify and develop plant materials resistant to insects. Covers terminology and categories of resistance; investigative techniques for studying plant resistance; and crop management systems that use insect-resistant cultivars. Supplemented with tables detailing types and numbers of insect-resistant plant cultivars in the U.S. and formulae on quantifying plant tolerance of insects. 1989 (0 471-84938-3) 286 pp.

Plant Animal Interactions In The Marine Benthos

Author: D. M. John
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Size: 60.96 MB
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It is becoming increasingly apparent that the interaction between plants and animals is one of the principal factors governing the composition, structure and abundance of marine benthic communities. The study of this subject in turn has contributed greatly to our understanding of coastal ecosystems and to general ecological concepts. In this volume, well-known authorities present a much-needed up-to-date review of the subject. Both regional and global perspectives are offered, with an emphasis on the relationship between herbivores and their food plants. Special consideration is given to the topics of bioerosion caused by interactions and to endosymbiosis involving algae and cnidarians. The research presented here represents the most authoritative coverage available. It will be consulted as a standard reference by marine ecologists, and used as a text by advanced students and teachers in the fields of oceanography, aquatic biology, co-evolution, malacology, and animal behavior. oceanologists

Plant Animal Communication

Author: H. Martin Schaefer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191620971
Size: 78.29 MB
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Communication is an essential factor underpinning the interactions between species and the structure of their communities. Plant-animal interactions are particularly diverse due to the complex nature of their mutualistic and antagonistic relationships. However the evolution of communication and the underlying mechanisms responsible remain poorly understood. Plant-Animal Communication is a timely summary of the latest research and ideas on the ecological and evolutionary foundations of communication between plants and animals, including discussions of fundamental concepts such as deception, reliability, and camouflage. It introduces how the sensory world of animals shapes the various modes of communication employed, laying out the basics of vision, scent, acoustic, and gustatory communication. Subsequent chapters discuss how plants communicate in these sensory modes to attract animals to facilitate seed dispersal, pollination, and carnivory, and how they communicate to defend themselves against herbivores. Potential avenues for productive theoretical and empirical research are clearly identified, and suggestions for novel empirical approaches to the study of communication in general are outlined.