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Plants Health And Healing

Author: Elisabeth Hsu
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857456342
Size: 45.51 MB
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Plants have cultural histories, as their applications change over time and with place. Some plant species have affected human cultures in profound ways, such as the stimulants tea and coffee from the Old World, or coca and quinine from South America. Even though medicinal plants have always attracted considerable attention, there is surprisingly little research on the interface of ethnobotany and medical anthropology. This volume, which brings together (ethno-)botanists, medical anthropologists and a clinician, makes an important contribution towards filling this gap. It emphasises that plant knowledge arises situationally as an intrinsic part of social relationships, that herbs need to be enticed if not seduced by the healers who work with them, that herbal remedies are cultural artefacts, and that bioprospecting and medicinal plant discovery can be viewed as the epitome of a long history of borrowing, stealing and exchanging plants.

Manufacturing Tibetan Medicine

Author: Martin Saxer
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857457756
Size: 77.96 MB
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Within a mere decade, hospital pharmacies throughout the Tibetan areas of the People's Republic of China have been converted into pharmaceutical companies. Confronted with the logic of capital and profit, these companies now produce commodities for a nationwide market. While these developments are depicted as a big success in China, they have also been met with harsh criticism in Tibet. At stake is a fundamental (re-)manufacturing of Tibetan medicine as a system of knowledge and practice. Being important both to the agenda of the Party State's policies on Tibet and to Tibetan self-understanding, the Tibetan medicine industry has become an arena in which different visions of Tibet's future clash.

Healing Roots

Author: Julie Laplante
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 178238555X
Size: 74.90 MB
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Umhlonyane, also known as Artemisia afra, is one of the oldest and best-documented indigenous medicines in South Africa. This bush, which grows wild throughout the sub-Saharan region, smells and tastes like "medicine," thus easily making its way into people's lives and becoming the choice of everyday healing for Xhosa healer-diviners and Rastafarian herbalists. This "natural" remedy has recently sparked curiosity as scientists search for new molecules against a tuberculosis pandemic while hoping to recognize indigenous medicine. Laplante follows umhlonyane on its trails and trials of becoming a biopharmaceutical - from the "open air" to controlled environments - learning from the plant and from the people who use it with hopes in healing.

The Body In Balance

Author: Peregrine Horden
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 085745983X
Size: 74.55 MB
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Focusing on practice more than theory, this collection offers new perspectives for studying the so-called "humoral medical traditions," as they have flourished around the globe during the last 2,000 years. Exploring notions of "balance" in medical cultures across Eurasia, Africa and the Americas, from antiquity to the present, the volume revisits "harmony" and "holism" as main characteristics of those traditions. It foregrounds a dynamic notion of balance and asks how balance is defined or conceptualized, by whom, for whom and in what circumstances. Balance need not connoteegalitarianism or equilibrium. Rather, it alludes to morals of self care exercised in place of excessiveness and indulgences after long periods of a life in dearth. As the moral becomes visceral, the question arises: what constitutes the visceral in a body that is in constant flux and flow? How far, and in what ways, are there fundamental properties or constituents in those bodies?

Medizin Im Kontext

Author: Hansjörg Dilger
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631578391
Size: 32.11 MB
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Wie gestalten sich medizinisches Wissen und medizinische Praktiken in einer global vernetzten Welt? Welchen Herausforderungen steht die Medizinethnologie angesichts der transnationalen Bewegungen von Menschen, sowie medizinbezogener Ideen und Praktiken gegenuber? Dieser Band verweist auf die Bedeutung eines sozial- und kulturanthropologischen Analyseansatzes, wenn Gesundheit und Krankheit im globalen Kontext adaquat verstanden werden sollen. Er pladiert fur eine differenzierte Berucksichtigung der sozialen und kulturellen Dynamiken, die die Politiken des heterogenen und machtbeladenen Felds -Medizin- kennzeichnen. Fallstudien uber Europa, Afrika, Asien und Lateinamerika beleuchten folgende Bereiche: Neue Technologien und medizinische Praxis, Migration und Medizin in transnationalen Verflechtungen, -Traditionelle Medizin- als strategische Ressource, Soziale Sicherung und Gesundheitsfinanzierung sowie Urbanisierung - eine Gefahr fur die Gesundheit?"

Medizinische Diskurse Zu Irresein In China 1600 1930

Author: Angelika C. Messner
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515075480
Size: 75.71 MB
Format: PDF
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Die Er�ffnung des ersten Irrenhauses in Kanton (1898) durch einen amerikanischen Missionsarzt markiert den Beginn der �westlichen� Psychiatrie in China. W�hrend der Republikzeit (1911-1949) wurde sie - insbesondere die Idee der Institution �Irrenhaus� - von reformorientierten Intellektuellen im Rahmen ihres �modernistischen Diskurses� als zentrale Notwendigkeit fuer Chinas Rettung und Erneuerung propagiert. Die vorliegende Monographie fragt nicht nur nach den Hintergruenden und nach den Bemuehungen, das spezifisch westliche medizinische Vokabular in die chinesische Sprache einzugliedern, sondern wesentlich auch nach den medizinischen Sicht- und Handhabungsweisen im indigenen Kontext. Wie haben chinesische �rzte Irresein wahrgenommen und behandelt? Warum ergab sich im chinesischen Kontext niemals die Notwendigkeit, spezielle H�user zur Behandlung von �Wahnsinnigen� einzurichten? "�innovative, well-structured and immensely useful�" Medical History.