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Police Interrogation And American Justice

Author: Richard A Leo
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674033701
Size: 19.89 MB
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Read him his rights. We all recognize this line from cop dramas. But what happens afterward? In this book, Leo sheds light on a little-known corner of our criminal justice system--the police interrogation. An important study of the criminal justice system, this book provides interesting answers and raises some unsettling questions.

Zeit Geh Rt Zu Werden

Author: Amanda Knox
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426417847
Size: 17.58 MB
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Es war ein bestialischer Mord. Am 1. November 2007 wurde in Perugia die britische Austauschstudentin Meredith Kercher in ihrer Wohnung vergewaltigt und brutal abgeschlachtet. Im Fokus der Ermittlungen stand sofort Merediths amerikanische Mitbewohnerin Amanda Knox. Gemeinsam mit ihrem Freund Raffaele Sollecito und einem Afrikaner soll sie die Bluttat begangen haben. In einem spektakulären Indizienprozess wurde Amanda Knox schuldig gesprochen und zu 26 Jahren Haft verurteilt. Doch die Ermittlungen waren durch schwere Pannen und massive mediale Vorverurteilungen gekennzeichnet. In einem Berufungsverfahren im Oktober 2011 wurde dann die Beweisführung der Anklage verworfen – Amanda war endlich wieder frei und konnte in ihre Heimat ausreisen. Nun meldet sie sich zu Wort und erzählt, wie sie Opfer eines Justizskandals wurde. Sie berichtet über die beispiellose Hexenjagd und die rüden Verhörmethoden der italienischen Polizei; über ihre seelischen Qualen während des Prozesses und der über 1400 Tage im Gefängnis. Sie erzählt aber auch von dem starken Rückhalt, den sie von ihrer Familie, ihren Freunden und vielen Unbekannten aus aller Welt erfahren hat. Es ist die Geschichte einer jungen Frau, die fast für ein Verbrechen gebüßt hätte, das sie nicht begangen hat.

Encyclopedia Of Clinical Psychology Set

Author: Robin L. Cautin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470671270
Size: 68.71 MB
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Available online, or as a 5-volume print set, The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology includes well over 500 A-Z entries covering the main topics, key concepts, and influential figures in this field. Serves as a comprehensive reference with particular emphasis on the scientific basis of the field; philosophical and historical issues; cultural considerations; and conflicts and controversies Offers an historiographical overview, demonstrating how concepts have developed over time and the ways in which research influences practice Cites the best and most up-to-date scientific evidence for each topic and encourages readers to think critically when evaluating the validity of various scientific claims, theories, and techniques Available on Wiley Online Library with interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work, or as a five-volume print set

Transnational Torture

Author: Jinee Lokaneeta
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814752802
Size: 18.99 MB
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Evidence of torture at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq and harsh interrogation techniques at Guantánamo Bay beg the question: has the “war on terror” forced liberal democracies to rethink their policies and laws against torture? Transnational Torture focuses on the legal and political discourses on torture in India and the United States—two common-law based constitutional democracies—to theorize the relationship between law, violence, and state power in liberal democracies. Analyzing about one hundred landmark Supreme Court cases on torture in India and the United States, memos and popular imagery of torture, Jinee Lokaneeta compellingly demonstrates that even before recent debates on the use of torture in the war on terror, the laws of interrogation were much more ambivalent about the infliction of excess pain and suffering than most political and legal theorists have acknowledged. Rather than viewing the recent policies on interrogation as anomalous or exceptional, Lokaneeta effectively argues that efforts to accommodate excess violence—a constantly negotiated process—are long standing features of routine interrogations in both the United States and India, concluding that the infliction of excess violence is more central to democratic governance than is acknowledged in western jurisprudence.

Confessions Of Guilt

Author: George C. Thomas III
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199939063
Size: 43.52 MB
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How did the United States, a nation known for protecting the "right to remain silent" become notorious for condoning and using controversial tactics like water boarding and extraordinary rendition to extract information? What forces determine the laws that define acceptable interrogation techniques and how do they shift so quickly from one extreme to another? In Confessions of Guilt, esteemed scholars George C. Thomas III and Richard A. Leo tell the story of how, over the centuries, the law of interrogation has moved from indifference about extreme force to concern over the slightest pressure, and back again. The history of interrogation in the Anglo-American world, they reveal, has been a swinging pendulum rather than a gradual continuum of violence. Exploring a realist explanation of this pattern, Thomas and Leo demonstrate that the law of interrogation and the process of its enforcement are both inherently unstable and highly dependent on the perceived levels of threat felt by a society. Laws react to fear, they argue, and none more so than those that govern the treatment of suspected criminals. From England of the late eighteenth century to America at the dawn of the twenty-first, Confessions of Guilt traces the disturbing yet fascinating history of interrogation practices, new and old, and the laws that govern them. Thomas and Leo expertly explain the social dynamics that underpin the continual transformation of interrogation law and practice and look critically forward to what their future might hold.

Das Tr Gerische Ged Chtnis

Author: Julia Shaw
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446448926
Size: 37.35 MB
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Wir sind die Summe unserer Erinnerungen. Stimmen diese aber auch? Haben prägende Ereignisse unserer Kindheit überhaupt so stattgefunden? Identität ist ein kunstvoll gewebter Teppich aus Erinnerungsfragmenten. Die Rechtspsychologin Julia Shaw erklärt, warum dem Gehirn dabei ständig Fehler unterlaufen. Und das Tappen in die Erinnerungsfalle hat Konsequenzen: Wir können uns auf unser Gedächtnis nicht verlassen. Auf der Grundlage neuester Erkenntnisse von Neurowissenschaft und Psychologie sowie ihrer eigenen bahnbrechenden Forschung zeigt Shaw, welchen Erinnerungen wir trauen können und welchen nicht. Ein verblüffender Einblick in die wahnwitzigen Mechanismen des menschlichen Gehirns.

Police Interrogations And False Confessions

Author: G. Daniel Lassiter
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN: 9781433807435
Size: 40.96 MB
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Although it is generally believed that wrongful convictions based on false confessions are relatively rare-the 1989 Central Park jogger "wilding" case being the most notorious example-recent exonerations of the innocent through DNA testing are increasing at a rate that few in the criminal justice system might have speculated. Because of the growing realization of the false confession phenomenon, psychologists, sociologists, and legal/law-enforcement scholars and practitioners have begun to examine the factors embedded in American criminal investigations and interrogations that may lead innocent people to implicate themselves in crimes they did not commit. Police Interrogations and False Confessions brings together a group of renowned scholars and practitioners in the fields of social psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, criminology, clinical-forensic psychology, and law to examine three salient dimensions of false confessions: interrogation tactics and the problem of false confessions; review of Supreme Court decisions regarding Miranda warnings and custodial interrogations; and new research on juvenile confessions and deception in interrogative interviews. Chapters include well-recognized programs of research on the topics of interrogative interviewing, false confessions, the detection of deception in forensic interviews, individual differences, and clinical-forensic evaluations. The book concludes with policy recommendations to attenuate the institutional and social psychological persistence (and pervasiveness) of the various inducements and impediments that have informed law enforcement's interrogation techniques and the types of false confessions they encourage.

The Supreme Court And The Fourth Amendment S Exclusionary Rule

Author: Tracey Maclin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199996431
Size: 62.92 MB
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The application of the Fourth Amendment's Exclusionary Rule has divided the Justices of the Supreme Court for nearly a century. As the legal remedy for when police violate the Fourth Amendment rights of a person and discover criminal evidence through illegal search and seizure, it is the most frequently litigated constitutional issue in United States courts. Tracey Maclin's The Supreme Court and the Fourth Amendment's Exclusionary Rule traces the rise and fall of the exclusionary rule using insight and behind-the-scenes access into the Court's thinking. Based on original archival research into the private papers of retired Justices, Professor Maclin's analysis clarifies the motivations and thoughts that explain the Court's exclusionary rule jurisprudence. He includes a comprehensive scholarly and objective discussion of the reasoning behind the Court decisions, and demonstrates that like other constitutional doctrines, the exclusionary rule is a political mechanism that expands and contracts as the times and Justices change. Ultimately, this book will help readers understand how constitutional law is constructed by judges with diverse political perspectives.