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Political Philosophy

Author: Steven Cahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780190201081
Size: 13.19 MB
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Now greatly expanded in its third edition, Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts is ideal for survey courses in political philosophy. Offering unprecedented coverage from antiquity to the present, this historically organized collection presents the most significant works from nearly 2,500 years of political philosophy. The readings are substantial or complete texts, not fragments. An especially valuable feature of this volume is that the works of each author are introduced with an engaging essay by a leading contemporary authority. Political Philosophy moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Cicero) through the medieval period (Augustine, Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant, Hamilton and Madison, Burke, Bentham, Tocqueville). The book includes work from major nineteenth-century thinkers (Hegel, Marx and Engels, Mill, Nietzsche) and twentieth-century theorists (Arendt, Hayek, Berlin, Taylor, Rawls, Sandel, Nozick, Foucault, Habermas, Held, Nussbaum, Young, Appiah) and also presents a variety of notable documents and addresses, including The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, and speeches by Abraham Lincoln, John Dewey, and Martin Luther King, Jr. In addition to the new selections noted above in bold, the third edition also includes the complete text of Mill's On Liberty, an excerpt from Rawls's Political Liberalism, and expanded selections from Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and The Federalist Papers.

Politische Philosophie Heute

Author: Will Kymlicka
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783593358918
Size: 60.79 MB
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Eine grundlegende und umfassende Einführung in die modernen Strömungen der politischen Philosophie: Utilitarismus, Liberalismus, Libertarismus, Marxismus, Kommunitarismus und Feminismus.

Black Rights White Wrongs

Author: Charles W. Mills
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190245441
Size: 50.97 MB
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Liberalism is the political philosophy of equal persons - yet liberalism has denied equality to those it saw as sub-persons. Liberalism is the creed of fairness - yet liberalism has been complicit with European imperialism and African slavery. Liberalism is the classic ideology of Enlightenment and political transparency - yet liberalism has cast a dark veil over its actual racist past and present. In sum, liberalism's promise of equal rights has historically been denied to blacks and other people of color. In Black Rights/White Wrongs: The Critique of Racial Liberalism, political philosopher Charles Mills challenges mainstream accounts that ignore this history and its current legacy in self-conceivedly liberal polities today. Mills argues that rather than bracket as an anomaly the role of racism in the development of liberal theory, we should see it as shaping that theory in fundamental ways. As feminists have urged us to see the dominant form of liberalism as a patriarchal liberalism, so too Mills suggests we should see it as a racialized liberalism. It is unsurprising, then, if contemporary liberalism has yet to deliver on the recognition of black rights and the correction of white wrongs. These essays look at racial liberalism, past and present: "white ignorance" as a guilty ignoring of social reality that facilitates white racial domination; Immanuel Kant's role as the most important liberal theorist of both personhood and sub-personhood; the centrality of racial exploitation in the United States; and the evasion of white supremacy in John Rawls's "ideal theory" framing of social justice and in the work of most other contemporary white political philosophers. Nonetheless, Mills still believes that a deracialized liberalism is both possible and desirable. He concludes by calling on progressives to "Occupy liberalism!" and develop accordingly a radical liberalism aimed at achieving racial justice.

Mpi Eine Einf Hrung

Author: William Gropp
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486841009
Size: 51.59 MB
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Message Passing Interface (MPI) ist ein Protokoll, das parallel Berechnungen auf verteilten, heterogenen, lose-gekoppelten Computersystemen ermöglicht.

Gerechtigkeit F R Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518780204
Size: 48.82 MB
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»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Law And Morality

Author: David Dyzenhaus
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802094899
Size: 74.72 MB
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Since its first publication in 1996, Law and Morality has filled a long-standing need for a contemporary Canadian textbook in the philosophy of law. Now in its third edition, this anthology has been thoroughly revised and updated, and includes new chapters on equality, judicial review, and terrorism and the rule of law. The volume begins with essays that explore general questions about morality and law, surveying the traditional literature on legal positivism and contemporary debates about the connection between law and morality. These essays explore the tensions between law as a protector of individual liberty and as a tool of democratic self-rule, and introduce debates about adjudication and the contribution of feminist approaches to the philosophy of law. New material on the Chinese Canadian head tax case is also featured. The second part of Law and Morality deals with philosophical questions as they apply to contemporary issues. Excerpts from judicial decisions as well as essays by practicing lawyers are included to provide theoretically informed legal analyses of the issues. Striking a balance between practical and more analytic, philosophical approaches, the volume's treatment of the philosophy of law as a branch of political philosophy enables students to understand law in its function as a social institution. Law and Morality has proved to be an essential text in both departments of philosophy and faculties of law and this latest edition brings the debates fully up to date, filling gaps in the previous editions and adding to the array of contemporary issues previously covered.

Political Philosophy Of John Locke

Author: Marcel Bode
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638018245
Size: 38.35 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Philosophy - Philosophy of the 17th and 18th Centuries, grade: 1,0, Schmalkalden University of Applied Sciences, course: Political Philosophy, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Today in most western countries the political structure is characterized by a democratic system and the separation of powers. Moreover individual liberty and property rights are for most western states self-evident qualities. But to achieve these political modern comforts it took a long time of development. In this connection one of the key pathfinders and masterminds for democratic system was John Locke. John Locke’s philosophical works can be seen as a part of the Enlightenment.More and more thinkers examined the nature of existence, the way of thinking, the justification of religion and political power. There were different streams in arguing and different point of views. In this connection John Locke is considered one of the founders of the British Empiricists and also a very important representative and developer of the Social Contract Theory. His ideas had huge influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers and contributors to liberal theory. His writings influenced many Enlightenment philosophers, as well as the American revolutionaries. The objective of this paper is to highlight the basic ideas of John Locke’s political philosophy. To classify his philosophy and the way it was influenced, it is necessary to give a short overview over the historic conditions and brief biography of Locke’s life. This is done in the second chapter. Based on this, the third chapter is dealing with Locke’s political philosophy itself. In this connection, especially the reasons for forming a political society and the extent and share of political power are in the centre of this examination. In the last chapter the influence of Locke’s political philosophy on subsequent history and current political systems is pointed out.

Inventors Of Ideas Introduction To Western Political Philosophy

Author: Donald Tannenbaum
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 049590824X
Size: 24.28 MB
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INVENTORS OF IDEAS connects the major philosophers' original political and societal views with current politics and political thought. Significantly revised to give increased coverage to the major thinkers, the Third Edition covers the traditional canon of writers. INVENTORS OF IDEAS gives students the practical and historical foundations with which to look at contemporary political issues. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Der T Gliche Stoiker

Author: Ryan Holiday
Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag
ISBN: 3960920717
Size: 32.65 MB
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Wie findet man das wahre Glück? Wie lässt sich Erfolg wirklich bemessen? Und wie geht man mit den Herausforderungen des Alltags wie Wut, Trauer und der Frage nach dem Sinn des Ganzen um? Was große Geister wie George Washington, Friedrich der Große, Weltklassesportler oder Top-Performer längst für sich entdeckt haben, liegt mit "Der tägliche Stoiker" erstmals gesammelt vor. New York Times-Bestsellerautor Ryan Holiday und Stephen Hanselman haben das Wissen der Stoiker in 366 zeitlose Lektionen verpackt und zeigen, dass die Philosophie des Stoizismus nicht nur zeitlos, sondern gerade für unsere hektische und unsichere Zeit ein Segen ist. Weisheit, Mut, Gerechtigkeitssinn und Selbstbeherrschung sowie Gelassenheit lassen sich erlernen und helfen uns, in der zunehmenden Komplexität unserer Welt zu bestehen. Die uralten Weisheiten der Stoiker, gesammelt und kommentiert, unterstützen bei diesen alltäglichen Herausforderungen.