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Political Survival And Yasukuni In Japan S Relations With China

Author: Mong Cheung
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317369491
Size: 75.37 MB
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What role does the political survival of prime ministers play in Japan’s relations with China over the Yasukuni issue? Three Japanese prime ministers, including Nakasone Yasuhiro, Hashimoto Ryutaro and Abe Shinzo, complied with China’s demands and stopped visiting the controversial Shrine in 1986, 1997 and 2007, respectively. By contrast, the Yasukuni controversy intensified between 2001 and 2006 when a popular Prime Minister Koizumi Junichiro was determined to pay regular homage to the Yasukuni Shrine annually. Prime Minister Abe, who previously demonstrated restraint over the issue in his first term between 2006 and 2007, visited the Yasukuni unexpectedly in 2013 but not in 2014 or 2015. To explain this variation, this book presents an alternative interpretation of Japan’s official responses toward China’s pressure over the Yasukuni issue between 1985 and 2015 by applying a political survival approach that highlights the domestic political legitimacy of the Japanese prime minister or the ruling party. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers of Sino-Japanese relations, Japan’s foreign policy and international relations.

Japan S Security And Economic Dependence On China And The United States

Author: Keisuke Iida
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317311418
Size: 60.89 MB
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With the rise of China, Japan and many East Asian countries are caught between maximizing profit from economic ties with her, and strengthening alliances with the United States to prevent China from overpowering them. Liberals and realists thus debate over the likelihood of either security tensions easing up or economic interdependence getting reduced eventually. On the other hand, Iida introduces a new theory that reinterprets the relationship between state security and economic interdependence among countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Based on case studies of recent episodes in East Asia, and especially on the experiences of Japan, this book highlights an interesting dynamic between security and economic interdependence: risk avoidance. By understanding how risk avoidance affects the behavior of these countries in terms of security and economics, it becomes evident how they eventually settle into what Iida calls "Cool Politics" and "Lukewarm Economics".

Rethinking Japan

Author: Arthur Stockwin
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498537936
Size: 10.34 MB
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The authors argue that with the election of the Abe Government in December 2012, Japanese politics has entered a radically new phase they describe as the “2012 Political System.” The system began with the return to power of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), after three years in opposition, but in a much stronger electoral position than previous LDP-based administrations in earlier decades. Moreover, with the decline of previously endemic intra-party factionalism, the LDP has united around an essentially nationalist agenda never absent from the party’s ranks, but in the past was generally blocked, or modified, by factions of more liberal persuasion. Opposition weakness following the severe defeat of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) administration in 2012 has also enabled the Abe Government to establish a political stability largely lacking since the 1990s. The first four chapters deal with Japanese political development since 1945 and factors leading to the emergence of Abe Shinzō as Prime Minister in 2012. Chapter 5 examines the Abe Government’s flagship economic policy, dubbed “Abenomics.” The authors then analyse four highly controversial objectives promoted by the Abe Government: revision of the 1947 ‘Peace Constitution’; the introduction of a Secrecy Law; historical revision, national identity and issues of war apology; and revised constitutional interpretation permitting collective defence. In the final three chapters they turn to foreign policy, first examining relations with China, Russia and the two Koreas, second Japan and the wider world, including public diplomacy, economic relations and overseas development aid, and finally, the vexed question of how far Japanese policies are as reactive to foreign pressure. In the Conclusion, the authors ask how far right wing trends in Japan exhibit common causality with shifts to the right in the United States, Europe and elsewhere. They argue that although in Japan immigration has been a relatively minor factor, economic stagnation, demographic decline, a sense of regional insecurity in the face of challenges from China and North Korea, and widening gaps in life chances, bear comparison with trends elsewhere. Nevertheless, they maintain that “[a] more sane regional future may be possible in East Asia.”

Japan S Foreign Policy Making

Author: Karol Zakowski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319630946
Size: 32.21 MB
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This book evaluates the impact of the 2001 central government reforms on effective foreign policy making in Japan. It puts a special focus on the evolution of the domestic institutional factors and decision-making processes behind Japan’s foreign policy, while also analyzing the development of Japan’s external relations with various other countries, such as the US, China and North Korea. Adhering to the neoclassical realist approach, the authors show that, thanks to a more independent Kantei-based form of diplomacy, Japan’s prime ministers were able to strategically respond to international developments, and to pursue their own diplomatic endeavors more boldly. At the same time, they demonstrate that the effectiveness of this proactive posture was still heavily dependent on the decision-makers’ ability to form cohesive coalitions and select suitable institutional tools, which enabled them to influence domestic and international affairs.

Securing Japan

Author: Richard J. Samuels
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801474906
Size: 28.36 MB
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"Securing Japan begins by tracing the history of Japan's grand strategy - from the Meiji rulers, who recognized the intimate connection between economic success and military advance, to the Konoye consensus that led to Japan's defeat in World War II and the postwar compact with the United States. Samuels shows how the ideological connections across these wars and agreements help explain today's debate. he then explores Japan's recent strategic choices, arguing that Japan will ultimately strike a balance between national strength and national autonomy, a position that will allow it to exist securely without being either too dependent on the United States or too vulnerable to threats from China."--BOOK JACKET.

Reconceptualising The Divide

Author: Victor Teo
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Size: 20.10 MB
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Relations between the Peoples Republic of China and Japan are still subject to abrupt and periodic diplomatic confrontations and subtle political antagonisms. Though China and Japan have signed four political instruments, including the 1978 Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Co-operation, and maintain vibrant economic relations, Beijing and Tokyo too-frequently appear to have difficulty getting along. In this new volume, edited by Gerrit Gong and Victor Teo, a leading group of international scholars delineate underlying causes that strain bilateral Sino-Japanese relations and shape the 21st century international system. This book focuses on the ideational aspects of the Sino-Japanese relationsan area contemporary policy-makers and diplomats often neglect. Beyond visible interests and political gains, ideational forces including memories, identities, norms synthesize with nationalism and domestic politics to shape the tone and direction of Sino-Japanese relations and, for better or worse, set the trajectories for these two political and economic giants in the future.

Japan In International Politics

Author: Thomas U. Berger
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781588264596
Size: 79.24 MB
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?A systematic analysis of how Japan?s role in international politics will likely continue to change well into the 21st century.??Andrew Oros, Washington CollegeHow have shifts in both the international environment and domestic politics affected the trajectory of Japanese foreign policy? Does it still make sense to depict Japan as passive and reactive, or have the country?s leaders become strategic and proactive? Japan in International Politics presents a nuanced picture of Japanese foreign policy, emphasizing the ways in which slow, adaptive changes, informed by pragmatic liberalism, have served the national interest. The authors analyze core issues in the arenas of security policy, economic relations, and regional diplomacy. The concluding chapter of the book considers the significance of Japan?s current foreign policy posture for its future role in international politics. Thomas Berger is associate professor of international relations at Boston University. Mike Mochizuki holds the Japan-U.S. Relations Chair in memory of Gaston Sigur at George Washington University?s Elliott School of International Affairs. Jitsuo Tsuchiyama is professor and dean of the School of International Politics, Economics and Communication at Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo. Contents: Japan?s Changing International Role?M. Mochizuki. The Domestic Foundations of Japanese Foreign Policy?M. Kohno. Security Policy. War Renunciation, Article 9, and Security Policy?J. Tsuchiyama. Participation in UN Peacekeeping Operations?G. Ito. A Defense Posture for Multilateral Security?M. O?Hanlon. Economic Relations. Adapting to Global Economic Change?E. Lincoln. Building Stable International Financial Relations?Y. Kojo. Responding to the Asian Financial Crisis?J. Inada. Regional Diplomacy. Memory Politics and Foreign Relations?T. Berger. The Role of Human Rights: The Case of Burma?C. Dalpino. Dealing with a Rising China?M. Mochizuki. Conclusion. The Pragmatic Liberalism of an Adaptive State?T. Berger.