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Possessing Nature

Author: Paula Findlen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520205086
Size: 56.15 MB
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In 1500 few Europeans regarded nature as a subject worthy of inquiry. Yet fifty years later the first museums of natural history had appeared in Italy, dedicated to the marvels of nature. Italian patricians, their curiosity fueled by new voyages of exploration and the humanist rediscovery of nature, created vast collections as a means of knowing the world and used this knowledge to their greater glory. Drawing on extensive archives of visitors' books, letters, travel journals, memoirs, and pleas for patronage, Paula Findlen reconstructs the lost social world of Renaissance and Baroque museums. She follows the new study of natural history as it moved out of the universities and into sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scientific societies, religious orders, and princely courts. Findlen argues convincingly that natural history as a discipline blurred the border between the ancients and the moderns, between collecting in order to recover ancient wisdom and the development of new textual and experimental scholarship. Her vivid account reveals how the scientific revolution grew from the constant mediation between the old forms of knowledge and the new.

Eine Historische Anthropologie Des Buches

Author: Nadezda Shevchenko
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525358832
Size: 32.11 MB
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English summary: This research project presents the book as a historical object. The study scrutinizes the process of making of the early modern book realized in social and cultural practices. It concludes that the perception of the book is based on social norms and cultural values. German description: Was ist ein historisches Buch? Schon im 16. Jahrhundert wurden Bucher auf jeder Etappe ihrer kulturellen Biographie - ihrer Herstellung, Verbreitung und Benutzung - in zahlreiche soziokulturelle Praktiken einbezogen. Das Buch war das Objekt von Beziehungen und Interessen - diese bestimmten wiederum den Umgang mit dem Buch. Am Beispiel einer preuaischen Herzogsfamilie untersucht Nadezda Shevchenko die soziokulturellen Praktiken, die sozialen Beziehungen und die Verhaltens- und Wahrnehmungsweisen, die mit dem Gegenstand Buch verknupft waren. Sie zeigt, dass sich im 16. Jahrhundert nicht nur der Buchermarkt wandelte, sondern auch die Buchbenutzung und -wahrnehmung am Herzogshof. Bucher bildeten ein wichtiges Element der Patronagebeziehungen und wurden den Aufgaben der sozialen Kommunikation mehr und mehr angepasst.

Nature Engaged

Author: M. Biagioli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023033802X
Size: 77.90 MB
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This volume gathers essays that focus on the worldliness of science, its inseparable engagement in the major institutional bases of social life: law, market, church, school, and nation. With a chronological span reaching from the Renaissance to Big Science, its topics range from sundials to genetic sequences, from calculating instruments to devices that simulate human behavior, from early cartography to techniques for tracing radioactive fallout on a global scale. The book aims to show readers, with episodes drawn from the span of their modern history, the sciences in action throughout human society.

Die Kunst Der M Chtigen Und Die Macht Der Kunst

Author: Ulrich Oevermann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050061553
Size: 68.83 MB
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"[...] zwingt der Sammelband in heilsamer Weise dazu, manche liebgewordene Vorstellung zu den Funktionen von Kulturpatronage zu überdenken." Volker Reinhardt in: Historische Zeitschrift, 292 (2011) 1 In der gegenwärtigen Forschung wird die Hervorbringung von Kunst und Wissenschaften vor allem unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Abhängigkeit thematisiert, in der sie von ihren Auftrag- bzw. Geldgebern steht. Demgegenüber wird in diesem Band gezeigt, dass umgekehrt auch die Mächtigen von den Kulturschaffenden abhängig sind. Sie sind es, die in ihren Ausdrucksformen und Diskursen über die Vernünftigkeit einer Herrschaft verhandeln. Indem sie politische, wirtschaftliche und soziale Geltungsansprüche argumentativ bzw. ästhetisch durchdeklinieren, stellen sie diese zugleich auf den Prüfstand und geben als Experten für die Erzeugung von Neuem den Herrschern unbekannte, fremdartige Ideen.

Collecting Across Cultures

Author: Daniela Bleichmar
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812204964
Size: 15.59 MB
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In the early modern age more people traveled farther than at any earlier time in human history. Many returned home with stories of distant lands and at least some of the objects they collected during their journeys. And those who did not travel eagerly acquired wondrous materials that arrived from faraway places. Objects traveled various routes—personal, imperial, missionary, or trade—and moved not only across space but also across cultures. Histories of the early modern global culture of collecting have focused for the most part on European Wunderkammern, or "cabinets of curiosities." But the passion for acquiring unfamiliar items rippled across many lands. The court in Java marveled at, collected, and displayed myriad goods brought through its halls. African princes traded captured members of other African groups so they could get the newest kinds of cloth produced in Europe. Native Americans sought colored glass beads made in Europe, often trading them to other indigenous groups. Items changed hands and crossed cultural boundaries frequently, often gaining new and valuable meanings in the process. An object that might have seemed mundane in some cultures could become a target of veneration in another. The fourteen essays in Collecting Across Cultures represent work by an international group of historians, art historians, and historians of science. Each author explores a specific aspect of the cross-cultural history of collecting and display from the dawn of the sixteenth century to the early decades of the nineteenth century. As the essays attest, an examination of early modern collecting in cross-cultural contexts sheds light on the creative and complicated ways in which objects in collections served to create knowledge—some factual, some fictional—about distant peoples in an increasingly transnational world.

History Beyond The Text

Author: Sarah Barber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135688710
Size: 22.12 MB
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Historians are increasingly looking beyond the traditional, and turning to visual, oral, aural, and virtual sources to inform their work. The challenges these sources pose require new skills of interpretation and require historians to consider alternative theoretical and practical approaches. In order to help historians successfully move beyond traditional text, Sarah Barber and Corinna Peniston-Bird bring together chapters from historical specialists in the fields of fine art, photography, film, oral history, architecture, virtual sources, music, cartoons, landscape and material culture to explain why, when and how these less traditional sources can be used. Each chapter introduces the reader to the source, suggests the methodological and theoretical questions historians should keep in mind when using it, and provides case studies to illustrate best practice in analysis and interpretation. Pulling these disparate sources together, the introduction discusses the nature of historical sources and those factors which are unique to, and shared by, the sources covered throughout the book. Taking examples from around the globe, this collection of essays aims to inspire practitioners of history to expand their horizons, and incorporate a wide variety of primary sources in their work.

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Consumption

Author: Frank Trentmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199561214
Size: 61.52 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption offers a timely overview of how our understanding of consumption in history has changed in the last generation.

Contesting The Renaissance

Author: William Caferro
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444391329
Size: 21.98 MB
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In this book, William Caferro asks if the Renaissance was really a period of progress, reason, the emergence of the individual, and the beginning of modernity. An influential investigation into the nature of the European Renaissance Summarizes scholarly debates about the nature of the Renaissance Engages with specific controversies concerning gender identity, economics, the emergence of the modern state, and reason and faith Takes a balanced approach to the many different problems and perspectives that characterize Renaissance studies