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Possessing Nature

Author: Paula Findlen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520205086
Size: 56.16 MB
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In 1500 few Europeans regarded nature as a subject worthy of inquiry. Yet fifty years later the first museums of natural history had appeared in Italy, dedicated to the marvels of nature. Italian patricians, their curiosity fueled by new voyages of exploration and the humanist rediscovery of nature, created vast collections as a means of knowing the world and used this knowledge to their greater glory. Drawing on extensive archives of visitors' books, letters, travel journals, memoirs, and pleas for patronage, Paula Findlen reconstructs the lost social world of Renaissance and Baroque museums. She follows the new study of natural history as it moved out of the universities and into sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scientific societies, religious orders, and princely courts. Findlen argues convincingly that natural history as a discipline blurred the border between the ancients and the moderns, between collecting in order to recover ancient wisdom and the development of new textual and experimental scholarship. Her vivid account reveals how the scientific revolution grew from the constant mediation between the old forms of knowledge and the new.

Eine Historische Anthropologie Des Buches

Author: Nadezda Shevchenko
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525358832
Size: 45.79 MB
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English summary: This research project presents the book as a historical object. The study scrutinizes the process of making of the early modern book realized in social and cultural practices. It concludes that the perception of the book is based on social norms and cultural values. German description: Was ist ein historisches Buch? Schon im 16. Jahrhundert wurden Bucher auf jeder Etappe ihrer kulturellen Biographie - ihrer Herstellung, Verbreitung und Benutzung - in zahlreiche soziokulturelle Praktiken einbezogen. Das Buch war das Objekt von Beziehungen und Interessen - diese bestimmten wiederum den Umgang mit dem Buch. Am Beispiel einer preuaischen Herzogsfamilie untersucht Nadezda Shevchenko die soziokulturellen Praktiken, die sozialen Beziehungen und die Verhaltens- und Wahrnehmungsweisen, die mit dem Gegenstand Buch verknupft waren. Sie zeigt, dass sich im 16. Jahrhundert nicht nur der Buchermarkt wandelte, sondern auch die Buchbenutzung und -wahrnehmung am Herzogshof. Bucher bildeten ein wichtiges Element der Patronagebeziehungen und wurden den Aufgaben der sozialen Kommunikation mehr und mehr angepasst.

Philosophy Begins In Wonder

Author: Michael Funk Deckard
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630877018
Size: 49.35 MB
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Philosophy begins with wonder, according to Plato and Aristotle. Yet Plato and Aristotle did not expand a great deal on what precisely wonder is. Does this fact alone not raise curiosity in us as to why this passion or concept is important? What is wonder's role in science, philosophy, or theology except to end thinking or theorizing as soon as one begins? The primary purpose of this book is to show how seventeenth- and eighteenth-century developments in natural theology, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and the philosophy of science resulted in a complex history of the passion of wonder-a history in which the elements of continuation, criticism, and reformulation are equally present. Philosophy Begins in Wonder provides the first historical overview of wonder and changes the way we see early modern Europe. It is intended for readers who are curious-who wonder-about how modern philosophy and science were born. The book is for scholars and educated readers alike.

The Scientific Revolution

Author: Steven Shapin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226750217
Size: 64.43 MB
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Shapin claims that there was no such thing as the "Scientific Revolution," neither as a coherent chronological event nor as a movement in science. Instead he writes about how reformed practices of making the same observations led to the creation of "new" ideas.

Die Kunst Der M Chtigen Und Die Macht Der Kunst

Author: Ulrich Oevermann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050061553
Size: 79.80 MB
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In der gegenwärtigen Forschung wird die Hervorbringung von Kunst und Wissenschaften vor allem unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Abhängigkeit thematisiert, in der sie von ihren Auftrag- bzw. Geldgebern steht. Das Augenmerk gilt den partikularen Interessen, die politisch Mächtige verfolgen, wenn sie Künstler oder Gelehrte alimentieren: Repräsentation, Legitimierung von Herrschaftsansprüchen, Distinktion mit Hilfe von kulturellem Kapital lauten die gängigen Stichworte. Demgegenüber wird in diesem Band gezeigt, dass umgekehrt auch die Mächtigen von den Kulturschaffenden abhängig sind. Denn Wissenschaft und Kunst können — statt als Propaganda und schöner Schein — auch als spezifische Formen universalistischer Rationalität aufgefasst werden. So begriffen, sind sie es, die in ihren Ausdrucksformen und Diskursen über die Vernünftigkeit einer Herrschaft verhandeln. Indem sie politische, wirtschaftliche und soziale Geltungsansprüche argumentativ bzw. ästhetisch durchdeklinieren, stellen sie diese zugleich auf den Prüfstand und sie geben als Experten für die Erzeugung von Neuem den Herrschern unbekannte, fremdartige Ideen.

Collecting Across Cultures

Author: Daniela Bleichmar
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812204964
Size: 45.41 MB
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In the early modern age more people traveled farther than at any earlier time in human history. Many returned home with stories of distant lands and at least some of the objects they collected during their journeys. And those who did not travel eagerly acquired wondrous materials that arrived from faraway places. Objects traveled various routes—personal, imperial, missionary, or trade—and moved not only across space but also across cultures. Histories of the early modern global culture of collecting have focused for the most part on European Wunderkammern, or "cabinets of curiosities." But the passion for acquiring unfamiliar items rippled across many lands. The court in Java marveled at, collected, and displayed myriad goods brought through its halls. African princes traded captured members of other African groups so they could get the newest kinds of cloth produced in Europe. Native Americans sought colored glass beads made in Europe, often trading them to other indigenous groups. Items changed hands and crossed cultural boundaries frequently, often gaining new and valuable meanings in the process. An object that might have seemed mundane in some cultures could become a target of veneration in another. The fourteen essays in Collecting Across Cultures represent work by an international group of historians, art historians, and historians of science. Each author explores a specific aspect of the cross-cultural history of collecting and display from the dawn of the sixteenth century to the early decades of the nineteenth century. As the essays attest, an examination of early modern collecting in cross-cultural contexts sheds light on the creative and complicated ways in which objects in collections served to create knowledge—some factual, some fictional—about distant peoples in an increasingly transnational world.

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Consumption

Author: Frank Trentmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199561214
Size: 15.86 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption offers a timely overview of how our understanding of consumption in history has changed in the last generation.

History Beyond The Text

Author: Sarah Barber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135688710
Size: 15.51 MB
Format: PDF
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Historians are increasingly looking beyond the traditional, and turning to visual, oral, aural, and virtual sources to inform their work. The challenges these sources pose require new skills of interpretation and require historians to consider alternative theoretical and practical approaches. In order to help historians successfully move beyond traditional text, Sarah Barber and Corinna Peniston-Bird bring together chapters from historical specialists in the fields of fine art, photography, film, oral history, architecture, virtual sources, music, cartoons, landscape and material culture to explain why, when and how these less traditional sources can be used. Each chapter introduces the reader to the source, suggests the methodological and theoretical questions historians should keep in mind when using it, and provides case studies to illustrate best practice in analysis and interpretation. Pulling these disparate sources together, the introduction discusses the nature of historical sources and those factors which are unique to, and shared by, the sources covered throughout the book. Taking examples from around the globe, this collection of essays aims to inspire practitioners of history to expand their horizons, and incorporate a wide variety of primary sources in their work.