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Post Transcriptional Gene Regulation

Author: Jane Wu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527665412
Size: 29.26 MB
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Reflecting the rapid progress in the field, the book presents the current understanding of molecular mechanisms of post-transcriptional gene regulation thereby focusing on RNA processing mechanisms in eucaryotic cells. With chapters on mechanisms as RNA splicing, RNA interference, MicroRNAs, RNA editing and others, the book also discusses the critical role of RNA processing for the pathogenesis of a wide range of human diseases. The interdisciplinary importance of the topic makes the title a useful resource for a wide reader group in science, clinics as well as pharmaceutical industry.

Post Transcriptional Gene Regulation

Author: Jane Wu
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9783527322022
Size: 54.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 344
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Reflecting the rapid progress in the field, the book presents the current understanding of molecular mechanisms of post-transcriptional gene regulation thereby focusing on RNA processing mechanisms in eucaryotic cells. With chapters on mechanisms as RNA splicing, RNA interference, MicroRNAs, RNA editing and others, the book also discusses the critical role of RNA processing for the pathogenesis of a wide range of human diseases. The interdisciplinary importance of the topic makes the title a useful resource for a wide reader group in science, clinics as well as pharmaceutical industry.

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1317563743
Size: 52.78 MB
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Eukaryotic Gene Expression

Author: Ajit Kumar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468474596
Size: 76.12 MB
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The recent surge of interest in recombinant DNA research is understandable considering that biologists from all disciplines, using recently developed mo lecular techniques, can now study with great precision the structure and regulation of specific genes. As a discipline, molecular biology is no longer a mere subspeciality of biology or biochemistry: it is the new biology. Current approaches to the outstanding problems in virtually all the traditional disci plines in biology are now being explored using the recombinant DNA tech nology. In this atmosphere of rapid progress, the role of information exchange and swift publication becomes quite crucial. Consequently, there has been an equally rapid proliferation of symposia volumes and review articles, apart from the explosion in popular science magazines and news media, which are always ready to simplify and sensationalize the implications of recent dis coveries, often before the scientific community has had the opportunity to fully scrutinize the developments. Since many of the recent findings in this field have practical implications, quite often the symposia in molecular biology are sponsored by private industry and are of specialized interest and in any case quite expensive for students to participate in. Given that George Wash ington University is a teaching institution, our aim in sponsoring these Annual Spring Symposia is to provide, at cost, a forum for students and experts to discuss the latest developments in selected areas of great significance in biology. Additionally, since the University is located in Washington, D. C.

Rna Processing

Author: Steve J. Higgins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199634705
Size: 10.67 MB
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As post-transcriptional events become increasingly recognized as critical regulation sites of gene expression in eukaryotic cells, research interest in RNA processing has grown more and more intense. RNA Processing: A Practical Approach, available in two volumes, offers detailed guidance on all major aspects of the subject. Step-by-step protocols from leading laboratories are presented for studying the termination, end-processing, capping, methylation, splicing, and editing of mRNA. Protocols designed for the study of mRNA stability and processing of rRNA and tRNA are included as well, with full descriptions of the synthesis and purification of RNA substrate for in vitro work, the characterization of specific RNAs, and the isolation and analysis of ribonucleoprotein complexes. Taken together, the two volumes are invaluable laboratory companions to researchers working in mRNA, rRNA, and tRNA expression. The contributors' lucid explanatory style and comprehensive coverage will be welcomed by both experienced researchers and students embarking on such studies for the first time.

Eukaryotic Transcription Factors

Author: David Latchman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080561035
Size: 11.21 MB
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Transcription, or the process by which DNA produces RNA, is a central aspect of gene expression. Transcription factors regulate transcription during development and in disease states. As such, it is critical for researchers to gain a good understanding of the relationship between the structure of various families of transcription factors and their function, as well as roles in human disease. Since publication of the Fourth Edition, there have been major advances, notably in the areas of chromatin remodeling and genome-scale analyses. This complete update includes all new coverage of the latest developments, from enabling genomic technologies to studies on the importance of post-translational modifications beyond phosphorylation events. Potential of transcription factors as therapeutic targets in human disease Importance of histone modifications Use of genome-based sequence analysis and high-throughput methods Applications of the chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay Transcriptional elongation Regulation by post-translational modifications Regulatory networks and bioinformatics

Gene Control

Author: David Latchman
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1136844201
Size: 21.76 MB
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Gene Control offers a current description of how gene expression is controlled in eukaryotes, reviewing and summarizing the extensive primary literature into an easily accessible format. Gene Control is a comprehensively restructured and expanded edition of Latchman’s Gene Regulation: A Eukaryotic Perspective, Fifth Edition. The first part of the book deals with the fundamental processes of gene control at the levels of chromatin structure, transcription, and post-transcriptional processes. Three pairs of chapters deal with each of these aspects, first describing the basic process itself, followed by the manner in which it is involved in controlling gene expression. The second part of the book deals with the role of gene control in specific biological processes. Certain chapters deal with the importance of gene control in cellular signaling processes and for normal development of the embryo. Another chapter discusses the key roles played by gene-regulatory processes in the specification of differentiated cell types such as muscle cells and neurons. The final chapters discuss the consequences of errors in gene control; the relationship between gene misregulation and human diseases, especially cancer; and potential therapies designed specifically to target particular levels of gene control. Gene Control will be of value to students in biological sciences, as well as to scientists and clinicians interested in how genes are regulated in health and disease.

Post Transcriptional Control Of Gene Expression In Plants

Author: Witold Filipowicz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400903537
Size: 51.14 MB
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A recent volume of this series (Signals and Signal Transduction Pathways in Plants (K. Palme, ed.) Plant Molecular Biology 26, 1237-1679) described the relay races by which signals are transported in plants from the sites of stimuli to the gene expression machinery of the cell. Part of this machinery, the transcription apparatus, has been well studied in the last two decades, and many important mechanisms controlling gene expression at the transcriptional level have been elucidated. However, control of gene expression is by no means complete once the RNA has been produced. Important regulatory devices determine the maturation and usage of mRNA and the fate of its translation product. Post-transcriptional regulation is especially important for generating a fast response to environmental and intracellular signals. This book summarizes recent progress in the area of post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in plants. 18 chapters of the book address problems of RNA processing and stability, regulation of translation, protein folding and degradation, as well as intracellular and cell-to-cell transport of proteins and nucleic acids. Several chapters are devoted to the processes taking place in plant organelles.

Eukaryotic Transcription And Post Transcription Gene Expression Regulation

Author: Narendra Wajapeyee
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493965168
Size: 10.59 MB
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This volume describes a variety of protocols that will allow the readers to study different aspects of transcriptional and posttranscriptional gene expression regulation in eukaryotic cells. Chapters focus on the latest use of CRISPRi and RNAi technologies for studying various aspects of transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation and tools to navigate protocols on key bioinformatics. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls Authoritative and cutting-edge, Eukaryotic Transcription and Post-Transcription Gene Expression Regulation aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

Pre Mrna Processing

Author: Angus I. Lamond
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662223252
Size: 41.12 MB
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he past fifteen years have seen tremendous growth in our understanding of T the many post-transcriptional processing steps involved in producing func tional eukaryotic mRNA from primary gene transcripts (pre-mRNA). New processing reactions, such as splicing and RNA editing, have been discovered and detailed biochemical and genetic studies continue to yield important new insights into the reaction mechanisms and molecular interactions involved. It is now apparent that regulation of RNA processing plays a significant role in the control of gene expression and development. An increased understanding of RNA processing mechanisms has also proved to be of considerable clinical importance in the pathology of inherited disease and viral infection. This volume seeks to review the rapid progress being made in the study of how mRNA precursors are processed into mRNA and to convey the broad scope of the RNA field and its relevance to other areas of cell biology and medicine. Since one of the major themes of RNA processing is the recognition of specific RNA sequences and structures by protein factors, we begin with reviews of RNA-protein interactions. In chapter 1 David Lilley presents an overview of RNA structure and illustrates how the structural features of RNA molecules are exploited for specific recognition by protein, while in chapter 2 Maurice Swanson discusses the structure and function of the large family of hnRNP proteins that bind to pre-mRNA. The next four chapters focus on pre-mRNA splicing.