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Community Based Interventions

Author: John W. Murphy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489980202
Size: 53.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For decades, community-centered social services have been promoted as an admirable ideal. Yet the concept of decentralized services delivered where people live has proved to be an elusive ideal as well, with the promise of empowerment often giving way to disinterest and apathy. Community-Based Interventions examines the reasons community programs tend to founder and proposes a realistic framework for sustained success. The book's theoretical, philosophical and political foundations begin with the importance of context, as in local knowledge and community self-definition and engagement. Innovative, often startling, approaches to planning, design and implementation begin with the recognition that communities are not "targets" or "locations" to be "fixed," but social realities whose issues require concrete answers. The variety of examples described in these chapters demonstrate the power of community interventions in providing effective services, reducing inequities and giving individuals greater control over their health, their environment and in the long run, their lives. Included in the coverage: Redefining community: the social dimensions. A new epidemiology to inform community work. The role of research in designing community interventions. The conceptual flow of a community-based project. Building autonomy through leadership from below. Relating social interventions to social justice. Attuned to the current era of health and mental health reform, Community-Based Interventions represents a major step forward in its field and makes an inspiring text for social workers, clinical social workers, public health administrators and community activists.

Sexual Aggression

Author: Jon A. Shaw
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9780880487573
Size: 68.77 MB
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In recent years society has witnessed more and more reports of violence and abuse related to sexual aggression. The increase of sexually aggressive behavior among adolescent offenders is of particular concern and consideration. Sexual Aggression explores this phenomenon -- from the recognition of the development of sexual behavior problems in childhood to the assessment and treatment of both male and female adolescent and adult sex offenders. The book is divided into two sections. The first section presents an overview of the problem of sexual aggression and the psychological consequences of such acts, covering important topics such as childhood sexual development and forms of non-normative behavior within the family. The issue of sexual harassment of children is examined as well as the short-term and long-term consequences of sexual abuse and victimization. Cultural and ethnic influences are explored as they relate to the response to abuse by the child and family. The second section assesses and evaluates sexually aggressive behavior and offers treatment options. Both male and female offenders are described, as are the determinants of adolescent sexual aggression. The final chapters address the complex evaluation of child sex offenders and the therapeutic and pharmacological strategies for treatment. A thorough yet accessible approach to the phenomenology and assessment of sexually aggressive behavior, Sexual Aggression is especially relevant to psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers who treat sexually aggressive adolescents and adults -- as well as the victims of sexual aggression.

Clinical Behavior Therapy

Author: Marvin R. Goldfried
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471076339
Size: 28.52 MB
Format: PDF
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Critical Acclaim for Clinical Behavior Therapy "This book will be helpful not only to those who regard this [cognitive-behavior therapy] as their primary orientation, but to anyone who wants to be a complete therapist." --Allen Frances, MD Duke University Medical Center "This classic text.was a distinct favorite among the students enrolled in my clinical assessment and treatment courses. I hope the updated edition will be read by graduate students in clinical and counseling psychology, social workers, and all mental health professionals who wish to be truly effective therapists." --Arnold A. Lazarus, PhD Rutgers University ".particularly innovative and impressive. Their lucid description of cognitive variables. broadens the range of interventions available to the behavioral practitioner." --Sheldon Rose, PhD University of Wisconsin School of Social Work "A classic--updated. I recommend it not only for behavior therapists but for any clinical practitioner of any profession who is looking for procedures that work." --Joel Fischer, DSW University of Hawaii at Manoa

Implanted Minds

Author: Heiner Fangerau
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839414334
Size: 76.72 MB
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Intracerebral interventions raise particular ethical issues. For instance, attempts at replacing lost or altered brain cells with the help of stem cells or the therapeutic application of Deep Brain Stimulation would have morally relevant implications. Many medically relevant questions and ethical concerns need to be clarified before these intracerebral interventions can become routine procedure: If the brain is conceived as the carrier of an individual's personality or of the self then operations on the brain can be seen as intrusions upon one's personality. The book addresses historical, philosophical, social and legal implications of these new developments in the neurosciences and aims at resolving some of the dilemmas that go hand in hand with »implanted minds«.

Religion And The Public Order Of The European Union

Author: Ronan McCrea
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199595356
Size: 25.97 MB
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The first account of the relationship between religion and the constitutional order of the EU, dealing with the key questions of religious freedom and the institutional role of religion and addressing the issues that are at the centre of public debate in Europe, such as the compatibility of Islam with European models of liberal democracy.

Intervening In The Brain

Author: Reinhard Merkel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540464778
Size: 58.78 MB
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The wealth of insights into the brain’s functioning gained by neuroscience in recent years led to the development of new possibilities for intervening in the brain such as neurotransplantation, neural prostheses and brain stimulation techniques. Moreover, new and safer classes of psychopharmaceutical drugs lend themselves to neuroenhancement applications, i.e. they could be used to enhance cognitive capacities or emotional well-being without therapeutic need. This book offers extensive state-of-the-art accounts for these novel kinds of intervention, indicates future developments, and discusses the relevant philosophical, ethical and legal issues.

Books Of Abstracts Of The 16th World Congress Of The International Association For Child And Adolescent Psychiatry And Allied Professions Iacapap

Author: H. Remschmidt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662215950
Size: 38.88 MB
Format: PDF
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This book contains all of the abstracts of the 16th World Congress of the Interna tional Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions (IA CAPAP) held in Berlin, Aug 22-26, 2004. The abstracts are arranged according to the type of session (main lecture, state of the art lecture, symposium, workshop, course, or poster exhibition) and the day of the conference. The abstracts of the industry-sponsored sessions are also in cluded. A subject index is provided to help track themes of special interest. The author index allows you to find the abstract authors and the address of the first author for direct contact. The general theme of the congress "Facilitating Pathways: Care, Treatment and Prevention in Child and Adolescent Mental Health" is quite inclusive and the contri butions to the Congress, as reflected in the abstracts, cover the whole range of child and adolescent mental health endeavour, including all modern methods and trends in research and clinical application. The ways we understand and treat our patients are changing rapidly, and this too is reflected in the contributions to this volume, which give state-of-the-art information that should allow us to provide better care, treatment and prevention to children, adolescents and their care-givers everywhere in the world.

Bayesians Versus Frequentists

Author: Jordi Vallverdú
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662486385
Size: 31.59 MB
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This book analyzes the origins of statistical thinking as well as its related philosophical questions, such as causality, determinism or chance. Bayesian and frequentist approaches are subjected to a historical, cognitive and epistemological analysis, making it possible to not only compare the two competing theories, but to also find a potential solution. The work pursues a naturalistic approach, proceeding from the existence of numerosity in natural environments to the existence of contemporary formulas and methodologies to heuristic pragmatism, a concept introduced in the book’s final section. This monograph will be of interest to philosophers and historians of science and students in related fields. Despite the mathematical nature of the topic, no statistical background is required, making the book a valuable read for anyone interested in the history of statistics and human cognition.

Experiments In Ethics

Author: Anthony Appiah
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674026094
Size: 15.43 MB
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In the past few decades, scientists of human nature—including experimental and cognitive psychologists, neuroscientists, evolutionary theorists, and behavioral economists—have explored the way we arrive at moral judgments. They have called into question commonplaces about character and offered troubling explanations for various moral intuitions. Research like this may help explain what, in fact, we do and feel. But can it tell us what we ought to do or feel? In Experiments in Ethics, the philosopher Kwame Anthony Appiah explores how the new empirical moral psychology relates to the age-old project of philosophical ethics. Some moral theorists hold that the realm of morality must be autonomous of the sciences; others maintain that science undermines the authority of moral reasons. Appiah elaborates a vision of naturalism that resists both temptations. He traces an intellectual genealogy of the burgeoning discipline of "experimental philosophy," provides a balanced, lucid account of the work being done in this controversial and increasingly influential field, and offers a fresh way of thinking about ethics in the classical tradition. Appiah urges that the relation between empirical research and morality, now so often antagonistic, should be seen in terms of dialogue, not contest. And he shows how experimental philosophy, far from being something new, is actually as old as philosophy itself. Beyond illuminating debates about the connection between psychology and ethics, intuition and theory, his book helps us to rethink the very nature of the philosophical enterprise.

China In The German Enlightenment

Author: Bettina Brandt
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442648457
Size: 76.71 MB
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Over the course of the eighteenth century, European intellectuals shifted from admiring China as a utopian place of wonder to despising it as a backwards and despotic state. That transformation had little to do with changes in China itself, and everything to do with Enlightenment conceptions of political identity and Europe's own burgeoning global power. China in the German Enlightenment considers the place of German philosophy, particularly the work of Leibniz, Goethe, Herder, and Hegel, in this development. Beginning with the first English translation of Walter Demel's classic essay "How the Chinese Became Yellow," the collection's essays examine the connections between eighteenth-century philosophy, German Orientalism, and the origins of modern race theory.