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Presidents And The Politics Of Agency Design

Author: David Lewis
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804766916
Size: 18.40 MB
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The administrative state is the nexus of American policy making in the postwar period. The vague and sometimes conflicting policy mandates of Congress, the president, and courts are translated into real public policy in the bureaucracy. As the role of the national government has expanded, the national legislature and executive have increasingly delegated authority to administrative agencies to make fundamental policy decisions. How this administrative state is designed, its coherence, its responsiveness, and its efficacy determine, in Robert Dahl’s phrase, “who gets what, when, and how.” This study of agency design, thus, has implications for the study of politics in many areas. The structure of bureaucracies can determine the degree to which political actors can change the direction of agency policy. Politicians frequently attempt to lock their policy preferences into place through insulating structures that are mandated by statute or executive decree. This insulation of public bureaucracies such as the National Transportation Safety Board, the Federal Election Commission, and the National Nuclear Security Administration, is essential to understanding both administrative policy outputs and executive-legislative politics in the United States. This book explains why, when, and how political actors create administrative agencies in such a way as to insulate them from political control, particularly presidential control.

The Politics Of Presidential Appointments

Author: David E. Lewis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400837685
Size: 42.76 MB
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In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, many questioned whether the large number of political appointees in the Federal Emergency Management Agency contributed to the agency's poor handling of the catastrophe, ultimately costing hundreds of lives and causing immeasurable pain and suffering. The Politics of Presidential Appointments examines in depth how and why presidents use political appointees and how their choices impact government performance--for better or worse. One way presidents can influence the permanent bureaucracy is by filling key posts with people who are sympathetic to their policy goals. But if the president's appointees lack competence and an agency fails in its mission--as with Katrina--the president is accused of employing his friends and allies to the detriment of the public. Through case studies and cutting-edge analysis, David Lewis takes a fascinating look at presidential appointments dating back to the 1960s to learn which jobs went to appointees, which agencies were more likely to have appointees, how the use of appointees varied by administration, and how it affected agency performance. He argues that presidents politicize even when it hurts performance--and often with support from Congress--because they need agencies to be responsive to presidential direction. He shows how agency missions and personnel--and whether they line up with the president's vision--determine which agencies presidents target with appointees, and he sheds new light on the important role patronage plays in appointment decisions.

Judicial Politics In The United States

Author: Mark C. Miller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429973233
Size: 32.84 MB
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Judicial Politics in the United States examines the role of courts as policymaking institutions and their interactions with the other branches of government and other political actors in the U.S. political system. Not only does this book cover the nuts and bolts of the functions, structures and processes of our courts and legal system, it goes beyond other judicial process books by exploring how the courts interact with executives, legislatures, and state and federal bureaucracies. It also includes a chapter devoted to the courts' interactions with interest groups, the media, and general public opinion and a chapter that looks at how American courts and judges interact with other judiciaries around the world. Judicial Politics in the United States balances coverage of judicial processes with discussions of the courts' interactions with our larger political universe, making it an essential text for students of judicial politics.

President George W Bush S Influence Over Bureaucracy And Policy

Author: C. Provost
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230620167
Size: 57.48 MB
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This book investigates the methods used by the Bush Administration to control bureaucratic agencies, including executive orders, signing directives, political appointments, and others, as well as the effects those methods have had on agency outputs.

Presidential Pork

Author: John Hudak
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815725213
Size: 62.64 MB
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Presidential earmarks? Perhaps even more so than their counterparts in Congress, presidents have the motive and the means to politicize spending for political power. But do they? In Presidential Pork, John Hudak explains and interprets presidential efforts to control federal spending and accumulate electoral rewards from that power. The projects that members of Congress secure for their constituents certainly attract attention. Political pundits still chuckle about the "Bridge to Nowhere." But Hudak clearly illustrates that while Congress claims credit for earmarks and pet projects, the practice is alive and well in the White House, too. More than any representative or senator, presidents engage in pork barrel spending in a comprehensive and systematic way to advance their electoral interests. It will come as no surprise that the White House often steers the enormous federal bureaucracy to spend funds in swing states. It is a major advantage that only incumbents enjoy. Hudak reconceptualizes the way in which we view the U.S. presidency and the goals and behaviors of those who hold the nation's highest office. He illustrates that presidents and their White Houses are indeed complicit in distributing presidential pork—and how they do it. The result is an illuminating and highly original take on presidential power and public policy.

The Challenge Of Democracy Government In America 2008 Update Edition

Author: Kenneth Janda
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0618990941
Size: 33.65 MB
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The 2008 Update Edition of The Challenge of Democracy brings students the very latest in research and events central to the field of American Government. A sixteen-page pictorial insert, featuring arresting images and articles from The Associated Press, brings these current events to life. Updated examples, visuals, and references throughout the book provide the most recent scholarship and include the Scooter Libby sentence, the Alberto Gonzales controversy, and the 2008 presidential race. This edition of the bestselling textbook continues the highly acclaimed, non-ideological framework that explores three themes: freedom, order, and equality; majoritarianism vs. pluralism; and globalization. This edition continues to provide its readers with leading-edge learning and teaching technology. Offerings include downloadable chapter overviews narrated by the authors and course management with an interactive e-book available in Eduspace as well as Blackboard/WebCT. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Praxisforschung In Der Kinder Und Jugendhilfe

Author: Stephan Maykus
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531168135
Size: 48.25 MB
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Die zunehmende Schnittstellenposition der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe, ihre Vernetzung mit dem Bildungs- und Gesundheitswesen etwa, verlangt die stetige Klärung ihrer Rollen und Funktionen. Praxisforschung als Kontext- und Prozessforschung kann dabei im begleitenden Kontakt zwischen Wissenschaftler(inne)n und Praktiker(inne)n eine wesentliche Funktion übernehmen. Welche neuen Fragestellungen und Erwartungen, zugeschriebenen Ziele und Funktionen ergeben sich für die Praxisforschung im Kontext einer sich ändernden Praxis der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe? Welchen aktiven Beitrag leistet andererseits Praxisforschung für die Entwicklung der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe? Anhand theoretischer und methodischer Überlegungen sowie praktischer Beispiele wird in diesem Band untersucht, ob das für die Praxisforschung konstituierende Verhältnis zur Praxis - der wechselseitige Transfer von Erkenntnissen - eine neue Qualität bekommt und welche Entwicklungsoptionen sich für die Praxisforschung und die dort tätigen Institutionen ergeben.

Im Freien Fall

Author: Joseph Stiglitz
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641040701
Size: 22.38 MB
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Das Plädoyer des Nobelpreisträgers für eine neue globale Wirtschaftspolitik Der freie Fall der Weltwirtschaft begann im Herbst 2008 mit dem Zusammenbruch der Investment-Bank Lehman Brothers. Die Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise, die wir seither erleben, ist die schlimmste seit den 1930er Jahren. In seinem neuen Buch fragt Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz, wie es dazu kommen konnte – und erklärt, wie wir solche Katastrophen in Zukunft verhindern können. Mit der Wirtschaftskrise hat sich die jahrzehntelang herrschende Wirtschaftsdoktrin selbst entzaubert: Falsche Anreize, entfesselte Märkte und eine ungerechte Verteilung des Reichtums haben die Welt an den Rand des Abgrunds geführt. Für Joseph Stiglitz ist klar: Ein »Weiter so« kann es nicht geben. Statt mit hektischen Rettungsmaßnahmen die eigene, nationale Wirtschaft zu retten und danach wieder zur Tagesordnung überzugehen, müssen wir diesen kritischen Moment nutzen, um eine neue globale Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik zu schaffen. Joseph Stiglitz beschreibt in seinem neuen Buch, wie solch eine krisenfeste und gerechtere Wirtschaftsordnung aussehen könnte. Neben einer besseren Regulierung der Finanzmärkte und einer aktiveren Rolle des Staates in der Wirtschaft, müssen wir vor allem dafür Sorge tragen, weltweit Arbeitsplätze zu sichern und den Wohlstand gerechter zu verteilen.