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Primary School In Japan

Author: Peter Cave
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134064098
Size: 61.18 MB
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The balance between individual independence and social interdependence is a perennial debate in Japan. A series of educational reforms since 1990, including the implementation of a new curriculum in 2002, has been a source of fierce controversy. This book, based on an extended, detailed study of two primary schools in the Kinki district of Japan, discusses these debates, shows how reforms have been implemented at the school level, and explores how the balance between individuality and social interdependence is managed in practice. It discusses these complex issues in relation to personal identity within the class and within the school, in relation to gender issues, and in relation to the teaching of specific subjects, including language, literature and mathematics. The book concludes that, although recent reforms have tended to stress individuality and independence, teachers in primary schools continue to balance the encouragement of individuality and self-direction with the development of interdependence and empathy.

The First European Description Of Japan 1585

Author: Luis Frois SJ
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317917812
Size: 42.83 MB
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In 1585, at the height of Jesuit missionary activity in Japan, which was begun by Francis Xavier in 1549, Luis Frois, a long-time missionary in Japan, drafted the earliest systematic comparison of Western and Japanese cultures. This book constitutes the first critical English-language edition of the 1585 work, the original of which was discovered in the Royal Academy of History in Madrid after the Second World War. The book provides a translation of the text, which is not a continuous narrative, but rather more than 600 distichs or brief couplets on subjects such as gender, child rearing, religion, medicine, eating, horses, writing, ships and seafaring, architecture, and music and drama. In addition, the book includes a substantive introduction and other editorial material to explain the background and also to make comparisons with present-day Japanese life. Overall, the book represents an important primary source for understanding a particularly challenging period of history and its connection to contemporary Europe and Japan.

Making Japanese Heritage

Author: Christoph Brumann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135255733
Size: 11.64 MB
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This book examines the making of heritage in contemporary Japan, investigating the ways in which particular objects, practices and institutions are ascribed public recognition and political significance. Through detailed ethnographic and historical case studies, it analyses the social, economic, and even global political dimensions of cultural heritage. It shows how claims to heritage status in Japan stress different material qualities of objects, places and people - based upon their ages, originality and usage. Following on an introduction that thoroughly assesses the field, the ethnographic and historiographic case studies range from geisha; noh masks; and the tea ceremony; urban architecture; automata; a utopian commune and the sites of Mitsubishi company history. They examine how their heritage value is made and re-made, and appraise the construction of heritage in cases where the heritage value resides in the very substance of the object’s material composition - for example, in architecture, landscapes and designs - and show how the heritage industry adds values to existing assets: such as sacredness, urban charm or architectural and ethnic distinctiveness. The book questions the interpretation of material heritage as an enduring expression of social relations, aesthetic values and authenticity which, once conferred, undergoes no subsequent change, and standard dismissals of heritage as merely a tool for enshrining the nation; supporting the powerful; fostering nostalgic escapism; or advancing capitalist exploitation. Finally, it considers the role of people as agents of heritage production, and analyses the complexity of the relationships between people and objects. This book is a rigorous assessment of how conceptions of Japanese heritage have been forged, and provides a wealth of evidence that questions established assumptions on the nature and social roles of heritage.

Facetten Der Japanischen Popul R Und Medienkultur

Author: Stephan Köhn
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447055994
Size: 18.72 MB
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Die vielseitigen Arbeitsgebiete und Fragestellungen des modernen kulturwissenschaftlichen Japan-Diskurses stehen auch in diesem zweiten Band im Mittelpunkt. Vier der insgesamt sieben Beitrage beschaftigen sich mit der japanischen Gegenwartskultur: der Inszenierung japanischchinesischer Begegnungen in Film und Fernsehen; den kulturbedingten Lesarten des Mediums Film anhand von Miikes Werk "Audition"; den Moglichkeiten und Grenzen des Manga als historisch "realistisches" Medium am Fall von Nakazawa Keijis "Barfuss durch Hiroshima"; dem Erfolgsrezept der Sangerin Nakajima Miyuki in Japans schnelllebigem Showbusiness. Weitere zwei Beitrage widmen sich den Aspekten der Kommerzialisierung in Japans Vormoderne: der damals uberaus erfolgreichen, heute jedoch wissenschaftlich geringgeschatzten erzahlenden Prosa Ejima Kisekis zu Beginn des 18. Jahrhunderts; den Vermarktungsstrategien fur Vielfarbendrucke im 19. Jahrhundert. Der siebte Beitrag beleuchtet abschliessend die Einflussnahme der japanischen Kolonialregierung auf die heutige Form des popularen taiwanischen Puppentheaters Budaixi. Die Lekture der Texte verdeutlicht die immer noch nicht uberwundene Exotisierung Japans im Zeitalter der Globalisierung, die Bedeutung von Film und Schlager als Indikatoren fur Japans wechselnde gesellschaftliche Befi ndlichkeiten und die aus westlichen Denkmustern resultierende, verzerrte Rezeption von Phanomenen der vormodernen Massen- und Medienkultur Japans.


Author: Takeo Doi
ISBN: 9783518111284
Size: 50.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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