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Principles And Practice Of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: John Meurig Thomas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352731458X
Size: 24.27 MB
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This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Principles And Methods For Accelerated Catalyst Design And Testing

Author: E.G. Derouane
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402007217
Size: 20.96 MB
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The pace of development in the chemical industry is increasing steadily, bringing with it a corresponding need to develop catalysts as rapidly as possible. High throughput experimentation has had great success in drug design but hitherto it has scarcely been used in the catalysis field. There is thus a need to make the underlying principles of this methodology more widely understood, in a coherent, integrated format. The present book fulfils such a need as it delineates and consolidates the principles and methods underlying accelerated catalyst design and testing. The main challenges for progress in the field are also identified. An indispensable book for all those working in catalytic process analysis and development, in industry and the academic laboratory. Contains an extensive review of catalytic principles, making the book also suitable for postgraduate students seeking to pursue a career in the catalysis field.

Introduction To Catalytic Combustion

Author: R.E. Hayes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789056990923
Size: 40.46 MB
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In a clear and concise manner, this book explains how to apply concepts in chemical reaction engineering and transport phenomena to the design of catalytic combustion systems. Although there are many textbooks on the subject of chemical reaction engineering, catalytic combustion is mentioned either only briefly or not at all. The authors have chosen three examples where catalytic combustion is utilized as a primary combustion process and natural gas is used as a fuel - stationary gas turbines, process fluid heaters, and radiant heaters; these cover much of the area where research is currently most active. In each of these there are clear environmental benefits to be gained illustrating catalytic combustion as a "cleaner primary combustion process" . The dominant heat transfer processes in each of the applications are different, as are the support systems, flow geometrics and operating conditions.

Heterogeneous Catalysts For Clean Technology

Author: Karen Wilson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527659005
Size: 27.47 MB
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Reactive, but not a reactant. Heterogeneous catalysts play an unseen role in many of today's processes and products. With the increasing emphasis on sustainability in both products and processes, this handbook is the first to combine the hot topics of heterogeneous catalysis and clean technology. It focuses on the development of heterogeneous catalysts for use in clean chemical synthesis, dealing with how modern spectroscopic techniques can aid the design of catalysts for use in liquid phase reactions, their application in industrially important chemistries - including selective oxidation, hydrogenation, solid acid- and base-catalyzed processes - as well as the role of process intensification and use of renewable resources in improving the sustainability of chemical processes. With its emphasis on applications, this book is of high interest to those working in the industry.

Catalytic Kinetics

Author: Dmitry Yu Murzin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080455464
Size: 43.69 MB
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Chemistry and chemical technology have been at the heart of the revolutionary developments of the 20th century. The chemical industry has a long history of combining theory (science) and practice (engineering) to create new and useful products. Worldwide, the process industry (which includes chemicals, petrochemicals, petroleum refining, and pharmaceuticals) is a huge, complex, and interconnected global business with an annual production value exceeding 4 trillion dollars. Although in industry special focus is in heterogeneous catalysis, homogeneous, enzymatic, photochemical and electrochemical catalysis should not be overlooked; as the major aim is to produce certain chemicals in the best possible way, applying those types of catalysis, which suit a particular process in the most optimal way. Catalysis according to the very definition of it deals with enhancement of reaction rates, that is, with catalytic kinetics. This book unifies the main sub disciplines forming the cornerstone of catalytic kinetics. * Provides a broad overview catalytic kinetics * Bridges the gaps that exist between hetero-, homo- and bio-catalysis * Written by internationally renowned experts in this field

Activation And Catalytic Reactions Of Saturated Hydrocarbons In The Presence Of Metal Complexes

Author: A.E. Shilov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402004209
Size: 39.86 MB
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hemistry is the science about breaking and forming of bonds between atoms. One of the most important processes for organic chemistry is breaking bonds C–H, as well as C–C in various compounds, and primarily, in hydrocarbons. Among hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane etc. ), are especially attractive as substrates for chemical transformations. This is because, on the one hand, alkanes are the main constituents of oil and natural gas, and consequently are the principal feedstocks for chemical industry. On the other hand, these substances are known to be the less reactive organic compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons may be called the “noble gases of organic chemistry” and, if so, the first representative of their family – methane – may be compared with extremely inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel between noble gases and alkanes is not fully accurate. Indeed the transformations of alkanes, including methane, have been known for a long time. These reactions involve the interaction with molecular oxygen from air (burning – the main source of energy!), as well as some mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. However, all these transformations occur at elevated temperatures (higher than 300–500 °C) and are usually characterized by a lack of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water during burning is an extremely valuable process – but not from a chemist viewpoint.

Modeling And Simulation Of Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012800455X
Size: 52.91 MB
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Heterogeneous catalysis and mathematical modeling are essential components of the continuing search for better utilization of raw materials and energy, with reduced impact on the environment. Numerical modeling of chemical systems has progressed rapidly due to increases in computer power, and is used extensively for analysis, design and development of catalytic reactors and processes. This book presents reviews of the state-of-the-art in modeling of heterogeneous catalytic reactors and processes. Reviews by leading authorities in the respective areas Up-to-date reviews of latest techniques in modeling of catalytic processes Mix of US and European authors, as well as academic/industrial/research institute perspectives Connections between computation and experimental methods in some of the chapters