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Principles And Practices Of Performance Assessment

Author: Nidhi Khattri
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136499199
Size: 36.89 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume explores the recent national trend toward adoption of performance assessments. Embraced at all levels of educational decision-making--state, district, school, and teacher--the shapes these assessments take and the affects they have at the classroom level can differ significantly from one setting to another. Based on case studies of 16 schools, this study describes what performance assessments actually look like--the types of tasks they pose to children, the scoring methods used, the purposes to which they are put, and how they fit in with other components of assessment systems. It also shows how they differ when they are introduced by state departments of education, districts, and schools themselves. Factors that affect policymakers' and educators' abilities to successfully design and introduce performance assessments are also explored. These include the purposeful coordination of performance assessment with related education reforms, such as the adoption of content and student performance standards, and the professional development for teachers necessary to the successful implementation of performance assessments. Barriers to adoption, most notably the challenges of developing a technically sound performance assessment, are discussed as well. Crucial to teachers' ability to appropriate performance assessments for use in their own classrooms is their invovlement in designing and implementing them. Although it would be impossible for a state or school district to involve all teachers in the design of a performance assessment, they can take steps to foster teachers' understanding of the purposes and methods of the assessment, thereby supporting their ability to use similar methods in their daily teaching. Toward that end, this book describes the experiences of teachers and students with a range of assessments that all fall under the umbrella of performance assessment. In addition, it provides: *rich illustrations of those experiences across a diverse group of schools; *descriptions of the trade-offs inherent in developing a student assessment system; *demonstrations of why no single assessment can be "all things to all people;" and *valuable insights for teachers, administrators, policymakers, and researchers who want to improve their understanding of how performance assessments work in practice and how they may best serve to improve teaching and learning.

Irrigation Management

Author: Martin Burton
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845935160
Size: 36.77 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In many countries irrigated agriculture consumes a large proportion of the available water resources, often over 70% of the total. There is considerable pressure to release water for other uses and, as a sector, irrigated agriculture will have to increase the efficiency and productivity of its water use. This is particularly true for manually operated irrigation systems managed by government agencies, which provide water for a large number of users on small landholdings and represent 60% of the total irrigated area worldwide. Drawing on the author's 30 years of experience in some 28 countries, this book offers knowledge of the management of irrigation and drainage systems, including traditional technical areas of systems operation and maintenance, and expanding managerial, institutional and organizational aspects. Chapters provide guidelines to improve management, operation and maintenance processes, which move management thinking out of traditional public-sector mindsets to a more customer-focused, performance-oriented service delivery. As a practical guide to improve efficiency and productivity in irrigated agriculture, this book will be essential reading for irrigation managers and technicians as well as students and policy makers in water management, agriculture and sustainable development.

Public Health Leadership Putting Principles Into Practice

Author: Louis Rowitz
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449649467
Size: 52.49 MB
Format: PDF
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New Edition Available 12/28/2012 This thorough revision maintains the same basic structure of the first edition of Public Health Leadership. In five parts, it explores the basic theories and principles of leadership and then describes how they may be applied in the public health setting. Leadership skills and competencies, as well as methods for measuring and evaluating leaders are also thoroughly covered. The final chapter has been expanded to cover the future of public health and global leadership. Four new chapters have been added to the Second Edition: a chapter on the interface between management and leadership, a chapter on systems and complexity leadership concerns, and a chapter on employee development. The final new chapter will explore the transition from traditional leadership roles to the new roles required by a focus on bioterrorism and other disasters. New case studies, interviews, and exercises have also been added. The Second Edition also features new sidebar boxes with quotes from classic and contemporary writers on leadership.

Sensory Evaluation Of Food Principles And Practices

Author: Harry T. Lawless
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780834217522
Size: 24.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The book is designed as a text for undergraduate and graduate courses in sensory evaluation and as a reference for industrial practitioners. It covers all the basic techniques of sensory testing, from simple discrimination tests to home use placements for consumers. It provides a practical guide to how tests are conducted and, for the reader who wishes a deeper understanding, provides the fundamental psychological and statistical theories that form the basis and rationale for sensory test design. Statistics used in sensory evaluation are demonstrated as integrated applications in the context of appropriate sensory methods and are also presented as a stand-alone material in appendixes. Statistical applications are tailored to common and relevance are obvious, and space is not wasted on designs or analyses that are not suitable for data collection from human observers. The text presents divergent philosophies in a balanced manner. Chapters are constructed so that beginning students who want only practical aspects of conducting sensory tests will find clear instructions on how tests should be conducted. Advanced students and practitioners will profit from the detailed section on rationale and sensory evaluation issues. "It covers the entire spectrum of sensory analysis. I have read many books on this intriguing subject, but this is the Rolls-Royce." a?? Aubrey Parsons, governing council member, International Union for Food Science and Technology

Classroom Assessment

Author: James H. McMillan
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
Size: 60.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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“The 4th edition of McMillan,Classroom Assessment, has the essentials teachers should know when they are in the field.” —Saramma T. Mathew, Troy University Classroom Assessmentprovides prospective and current teachers with a concise, non-technical, and practical guide to conducting a full range of high-quality classroom assessments. The text emphasizes assessment in the context of the realities of teaching and teacher decision-making in an era of standards-based education. Assessment methods are integrated with instruction and presented according to when teachers evaluate students (before, during, and after an instructional unit), the learning targets that are measured, and standards emphasized in state-wide testing. There is considerable emphasis on the nature of learning targets and how different assessments are most appropriate for different targets. For each assessment technique, suggestions for effective practice are presented with examples, case studies, and teacher interviews. New to This Edition Shows through “Teacher's Corner” segments how actual teachers apply principles in their classrooms so that students can readily transfer lessons to actions Provides expanded coverage of formative assessment and the concept of alignment of classroom assessments with large-scale assessments and standards to meet current classroom needs Gives more comprehensive coverage of large-scale testing for accountability and the role of state standards in influencing classroom assessment Emphasizes the difference between assessment of learning and assessment for learning to illustrate how assessment affects lessons and daily activity Includes new and extensive treatment of the role of student motivation and the effect of feedback and praise on motivation Has an Instructor's Manual/Test Bank and Companion Website with additional resources available online by contacting your local representative Package this text with [Insert MyLabSchool Logo] -a powerful set of online tools that bring the classroom to life! Visitwww.mylabschool.comfor more information!

Mastering Principles And Practices In Pmbok Prince 2 And Scrum

Author: Jihane Roudias
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0134060873
Size: 16.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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PMBOK®, PRINCE2®, and Scrum are today's three most widely recognized project management standards. The most successful project managers know how to draw on all three, and often combine them to deliver their projects more effectively and efficiently. In Mastering Principles and Practices in PMBOK, Prince2, and Scrum, Jihane Roudias shows project managers how these methods complement each other, how to integrate them, and how to troubleshoot projects involving any or all of them. Roudias illuminates core project concepts, processes, and areas of knowledge in each methodology, guides you in synthesizing them, and reviews the types of difficulties you may encounter in each project process. Drawing on extensive personal experience, Roudias also emphasizes the importance of project risk management, monitoring, and evaluation systems – and demonstrates how to use them to make timely and informed decisions at every stage of your project. For every project management practitioner and student pursuing PMBOK/PMI, PRINCE2, and/or Scrum certification, or seeking to use these methodologies together to achieve better project performance.

Reading Assessment

Author: Shelby J. Barrentine
Publisher: International Reading Assoc.
ISBN: 9780872072503
Size: 51.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Elementary teachers looking for alternative assessment techniques will find this compilation from The Reading Teacher to be an invaluable resource. Discover practical solutions for overcoming the boundaries and labels that standardized tests place on students, teachers, and schools. This book will give you the basis for solid explanations about why particular assessment practices make a difference in teaching children and the tools needed to meet and beat the assessment challenge.

Principles Of Public Health Practice

Author: F. Douglas Scutchfield
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780766828438
Size: 44.94 MB
Format: PDF
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Essential for anyone involved in the development of public health systems today and into the future, this book describes the characteristics of local, state and federal public health agencies. Extremely well-referenced, this book can serve as a source book for beginning further education or to help with research topics in public health. In the 2nd edition, 5 new chapters are added to provide state-of-the-art coverage of today’s public health issues. The new chapters include Chapter 3, The last Decade examines public health in the nineties, Chapter 12 Performance Standards, Chapter 16, Public Health Workforce, Chapter 17, Health Promotion/Disease Prevention Effectiveness, and Chapter 28, International Health Features.

Designing Performance Assessment Systems For Urban Teacher Preparation

Author: Francine P. Peterman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135613648
Size: 73.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Designing Performance Assessment Systems for Urban Teacher Preparation presents an argument for, and invites, critical examination of teacher preparation and assessment practices--in light of both the complexity and demands of urban settings and the theories of learning and learning to teach that guide teacher education practices. This dynamic approach distinguishes the authors' stance on urban teacher assessment as one that can help address social justice issues related to gender, race, socioeconomic class, and other differences, and at the same time promote the professional development of all educators engaged in the process of learning to teach. The contextually bound, sociocultural stance that informs this book promises greater teacher and student achievement. Culminating six years of vital dialogue and focused, local activity among teachers and teacher educators from institutions in the Urban Network to Improve Teacher Education, Designing Performance Assessment Systems for Urban Teacher Preparation presents: *the historical context that was examined for this work, a theoretical framework to undergrad teacher preparation assessment, and design principles to guide the development of assessment systems; *four case studies of participants' struggles and successes in designing and implementing these systems; and *a discussion of the importance of context and current trends in assessment practices in urban teaching. This volume is particularly relevant for university and school-based teacher educators who help prepare teachers to work in urban schools, and for personnel in state departments of education and other agencies who are responsible for certification and beginning teacher support. While the focus is on preparing teachers for urban settings, the theoretical and practical foundations and the case studies have broad implications and provide useful insights for anyone involved in developing and using performance assessment systems--teacher educators, university and school administrators, classroom teachers, and educational researchers.