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Principles Of Environmental Physics

Author: John Monteith
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869935
Size: 77.76 MB
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Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture

Physical Principles Of Meteorology And Environmental Physics

Author: David Blake
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812813845
Size: 48.90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book starts with the big picture, relating Einstein's famous mass-energy formula E = mc2 to the global climate; and then proceeds to examine the structure and dynamics of the atmosphere, from the synoptic scale through to the microscale, including the interaction of living things with their environment. It covers a range of topics from the laboratory to the field, including the analysis of thermodynamic diagrams and dispersion of pollutants, simple micrometeorological experiments on a sports field, as well as a detailed study on the measurement of carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and tropical rainforests.Straightforward, simple models and short arguments are used wherever possible to promote physical understanding, for example, in the discussion of the greenhouse effect. The aim is to bring the reader to the point where he or she is able to understand and analyze weather charts in daily use around the world; obtain an appreciation of current experimental techniques; and also make informed, quantitative estimates in relation to current issues surrounding the current debate on climate change.

Environmental Physics

Author: Egbert Boeker
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470666757
Size: 49.76 MB
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Environmental Physics Third Edition - Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Egbert Boeker & Rienk van Grondelle, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands Environmental Physics, Third Edition serves as an introduction to physics in the context of societal problems such as energy supply, pollution, climate change and finite resources of fossil fuels and uranium. The emphasis of this text is on physics, i.e. the concepts and principles that help in understanding the ways to produce energy efficiently or to mitigate climate change. Extra attention is given to photosynthesis due to its importance in the field of renewable energy. This thoroughly revised and updated third edition focuses on the utilization of sustainable energy and mitigating climate change. The text explains the physical mechanisms behind climate change and discusses the physics of renewable energy options. Nuclear power is treated in a separate chapter because of its social and political importance. In the final chapter political and social aspects of ‘renewable energy and climate change' are reviewed. A distinguishing feature of the text is the discussion of spectroscopy and spectroscopic methods, again from basic concepts, as a crucial means to quantitatively analyze and monitor the condition of the environment, the factors determining climate change and all aspects of energy conversion. This textbook will be invaluable to students in physics and related subjects such as physical chemistry and geophysics. It assumes a basic knowledge in physics and mathematics, and all equations are derived from first principles and explained in a physical way. Supplementary material including sections from earlier editions of this book, a description of environmental experiments for a student's labs and computer codes to expand some of the books' content are available from www.few.vu.nl/environmentalphysics

An Introduction To The Environmental Physics Of Soil Water And Watersheds

Author: C. W. Rose
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521536790
Size: 31.45 MB
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This introductory 2004 textbook describes the nature of the Earth's environment and its physical processes so as to highlight environmental concerns arising from human use and misuse of soil and water resources. The author provides a thorough introduction to the basic issues regarding the sustainable, productive use of land resources that is vital in maintaining healthy rivers and good groundwater qualities. He develops a quantitative approach to studying these growing environmental concerns in a way that does not require prior knowledge of the physical sciences or calculus. The straightforward writing style, lack of prerequisite knowledge and copious illustrations make this textbook suitable for introductory university courses, as well as being a useful primer for research and management staff in environmental and resources management organisations. Each chapter ends with a set of student exercises for which solutions are available from [email protected]

Principles Of Environmental Physics Plants

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1497069343
Size: 31.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Principles of Environmental Physics, Plants. In this book, you will learn topics such as Transport of Heat, Mass, and Momentum, Transport of Radiant Energy, Radiation Environment, and Microclimatology of Radiation Radiative Properties of Natural Materia ... plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Introduction To Environmental Physics

Author: Peter Hughes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482273063
Size: 49.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The changing climate and its affect on all of us is becoming increasingly apparent - ozone depletion, hurricanes, floods and extreme weather behaviour. Introduction to Environmental Physics challenges the way we think about how and why environmental change occurs. This authoritative book aims to cover some of the more common and popular topics addressed in "physics of the earth", "physics of the environment" and "environmental physics" courses. It provides an essentially non- mathematical treatment suitable for a first year undergraduate level course. The principle topics covered are the physics of the built environment, the physics of human survival, energy for living, environmental health, revealing the planet, the sun and the atmosphere, the biosphere, the global climate and climate change. With contributions from well-respected experts on the subject, this textbook contains a summary, references and questions at the end of each chapter. This is an ideal textbook for first year undergraduates in a variety of courses, particularly physical geography, physics, environmental and earth science, with worked examples illustrating principles and vignettes from scientists who have made a significant contribution to the field enlightening the student along the way. As the authors say in the preface to this book, "At the outset of the 21st century there are many environmental challenges to be wrestled with, and though the environment is changing, the Physics is not!"

Lebensmittelphysik

Author: L.O. Figura
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540349901
Size: 54.60 MB
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Die Lebensmittelphysik befasst sich mit den physikalischen Eigenschaften der Lebensmittel und deren Erfassung. Die physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln spielen überall dort eine wesentliche Rolle, wo moderne lebensmitteltechnologische Verfahren für die Gewinnung der Rohstoffe oder die Herstellung eines Lebensmittels angewandt werden. Die Bestimmung physikalischer Größen von Lebensmitteln und Bedarfsgegenständen sind aus der Planung, Steuerung und Automatisierung der Herstellungsprozesse in der Lebensmittel-, Pharma- und Kosmetikindustrie und angrenzenden Bereichen nicht mehr wegzudenken. Neben der chemischen Qualitätskontrolle spielt die Bestimmung physikalischer Eigenschaften darüber hinaus eine wichtige Rolle bei der Bestimmung und Sicherung der Qualität unserer Lebensmittel. Der Konsument fordert zunehmend "weniger Chemie" in der Lebensmittelproduktion und große Bereiche der Lebensmittelindustrie werden diesen Wünschen in steigendem Maße entgegenkommen müssen, indem sie moderne physikalische Verfahren in der Produktion einsetzen. Auch hierfür ist ein grundlegendes Verständnis der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln und den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen ihrer messtechnischen Erfassung eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Lebensmittelphysik von Grund auf und orientiert sich hierbei ausschließlich an den Erfordernissen der Lebensmittelpraxis, ohne auf die wichtigen Grundlagen zu verzichten. Das Buch ist daher für Studenten der Lebensmittelchemie und -technologie an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen eine wichtige Quelle für die zukünftige Ausbildung. Auch Ingenieure, Technologen und Techniker in der Lebensmittelindustrie werden dieses Buch benutzen, um ihre Kenntnisse zu vertiefen oder grundlegendes Verständnis für neue physikalische Verfahren zu erwerben.

Physik Und Umwelt

Author: Egbert Boeker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322831299
Size: 63.48 MB
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Daß der Mensch mit der Technik und ihren Folgen die Umwelt stark verändert, ist uns spätestens seit Tschernobyl und dem Auftreten des Ozonlochs bewußt. Täglich werden wir mit physikalischen Messungen von Umwelteigenschaften konfrontiert, deren physikalische Prinzipien und Aussage wir zumeist glauben müssen. "Physik und Umwelt" schließt nun die Lücke für den physikalisch vorgebildeten Nichtfachmann, der keine spezielle Literatur zu Rate ziehen möchte. Entstanden aus Vorlesungen der Autoren an der Universität Amsterdam ist es auch für Vorlesungen des Hauptstudiums für Ingenieure und Physiker geeignet. Damit bietet das Buch in Thema und Niveau eine ideale Ergänzung zu dem bewährten Vieweg-Titel "Chemie und Umwelt" von Andreas Heintz und Guido Reinhardt.

Foundations Of Environmental Physics

Author: Kyle Forinash
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1597269603
Size: 53.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Foundations of Environmental Physics is designed to focus students on the current energy and environmental problems facing society, and to give them the critical thinking and computational skills needed to sort out potential solutions. From its pedagogical approach, students learn that a simple calculation based on first principles can often reveal the plausibility (or implausibility) of a proposed solution or new technology. Throughout its chapters, the text asks students to apply key concepts to current data (which they are required to locate using the Internet and other sources) to get a clearer picture of the most pressing issues in environmental science. The text begins by exploring how changes in world population impact all aspects of the environment, particularly with respect to energy use. It then discusses what the first and second laws of thermodynamics tell us about renewable and nonrenewable energy; how current energy use is changing the global climate; and how alternative technologies can be evaluated through scientific risk assessment. In approaching real-world problems, students come to understand the physical principles that underlie scientific findings. This informative and engaging textbook offers what prospective scientists, managers, and policymakers need most: the knowledge to understand environmental threats and the skills to find solutions.