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Molecular Driving Forces

Author: Ken A. Dill
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 9780815320517
Size: 23.76 MB
Format: PDF
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This text shows how many complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes. A central theme is the idea that simplistic models can give surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Written in a clear and student-friendly style, the book gives an excellent introduction to the field for novices. It should also be useful to those who want to refresh their understanding of this important field, and those interested in seeing how physical principles can be applied to the study of problems in the chemical, biological, and material sciences. Furthermore, Molecular Driving Forces contains a number of features including: 449 carefully produced figures illustrating the subject matter; 178 worked examples in the chapters which explain the key concepts and show their practical applications; The text is mathematically self-contained, with 'mathematical toolkits' providing the required maths; Advanced material that might not be suitable for some elementary courses is clearly delineated in the text; End-of-chapter references and suggestions for further reading.

Advances In Filament Yarn Spinning Of Textiles And Polymers

Author: Dong Zhang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099175
Size: 14.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers reviews the different types of spinning techniques for synthetic polymer-based fibers, and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning. Synthetic polymer-based fibers are used in a great variety of consumer and industrial textile applications ranging from clothing to home furnishings to surgical procedures. This book explores how a wide array of spinning techniques can be applied in the textile industry. Part one considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning. The book then discusses developments in technologies for manufacturing synthetic polymer films to produce different fibers with specialized properties. Part two focuses on spinning techniques, including the benefits and limitations of melt spinning and the use of gel spinning to produce high-strength and high-elastic fibers. These chapters focus specifically on developments in bi-component, bi-constituent, and electro-spinning, in particular the fabrication of nanocomposite fibers. The final chapters review integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning. This collection is an important reference for a wide range of industrial textile technologists, including spinners, fabric and garment manufacturers, and students of textile technology. It is also of great interest for polymer scientists. Reviews the different spinning techniques and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning Considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning Reviews integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning

Macromolecular Science

Author: R. Ulrich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468428535
Size: 33.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In 1974, as we approached the National Bicentennial and the Centenary of the American Chemical Society, Professor Otto Vogl, then Chairman of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, arranged a very special symposium dedicated to a review of the history of the Divi sion. It was an extraordinary occasion which included remarks by Professors Herman Mark, Charles Marvel, William Bailey, and Charles Overberger, all past Chairmen of the Division. The Executive Committee of the Division of Polymer Chemistry felt that 1976 deserved even more attention since it was to be also the 25th, the Silver Anniversary, of the Division of Polymer Chemis try. This year would be a most appropriate one not only to review milestones in our discipline, but also to look to the future. It was decided to undertake this volume and Dr. R. D. Ulrich agreed to serve as editor in assembling the collected papers. It is the hope of the officers of the Division that this volume will serve many purposes - a reference text, a record, and a source of perspective. F. E. Bailey Chairman (1976) Division of Polymer Chemistry American Chemical Society vii Contents R. D. Ulrich - The History of the ACS Division 1 of Polymer Chemistry, Inc. Bovey F. A. 31 F. R. Eirich 53 J. D. Ferry 63 P. J. Flory 69 Huggins M. L. 99 L. Mandelkern 113 123 H. F. Mark • C. S. Marvel 133 B. Maxwell 143 .

Handbook Of Micromechanics And Nanomechanics

Author: Shaofan Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411248
Size: 38.59 MB
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This book presents the latest developments and applications of micromechanics and nanomechanics. It particularly focuses on some recent applications and impact areas of micromechanics and nanomechanics that have not been discussed in traditional micromechanics and nanomechanics books on metamaterials, micromechanics of ferroelectric/piezoelectric, electromagnetic materials, micromechanics of interface, size effects and strain gradient theories, computational and experimental nanomechanics, multiscale simulations and theories, soft matter composites, and computational homogenization theory. This book covers analytical, experimental, as well as computational and numerical approaches in depth.

Principles Of Polymerization

Author: George Odian
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471274003
Size: 52.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The new edition of a classic text and reference The large chains of molecules known as polymers are currently used in everything from "wash and wear" clothing to rubber tires to protective enamels and paints. Yet the practical applications of polymers are only increasing; innovations in polymer chemistry constantly bring both improved and entirely new uses for polymers onto the technological playing field. Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition presents the classic text on polymer synthesis, fully updated to reflect today's state of the art. New and expanded coverage in the Fourth Edition includes: * Metallocene and post-metallocene polymerization catalysts * Living polymerizations (radical, cationic, anionic) * Dendrimer, hyperbranched, brush, and other polymer architectures and assemblies * Graft and block copolymers * High-temperature polymers * Inorganic and organometallic polymers * Conducting polymers * Ring-opening polymer ization * In vivo and in vitro polymerization Appropriate for both novice and advanced students as well as professionals, this comprehensive yet accessible resource enables the reader to achieve an advanced, up-to-date understanding of polymer synthesis. Different methods of polymerization, reaction parameters for synthesis, molecular weight, branching and crosslinking, and the chemical and physical structure of polymers all receive ample coverage. A thorough discussion at the elementary level prefaces each topic, with a more advanced treatment following. Yet the language throughout remains straightforward and geared towards the student. Extensively updated, Principles of Polymerization, Fourth Edition provides an excellent textbook for today's students of polymer chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science, as well as a current reference for the researcher or other practitioner working in these areas.

Scaling Concepts In Polymer Physics

Author: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801412035
Size: 34.27 MB
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The first stage of the physics of long, flexible chains was pioneered by eminent scientists such as Debye, Kuhn, Kramers, and Flory, who formulated the basic ideas. In recent years, because of the availability of new experimental and theoretical tools, a second stage of the physics of polymers has evolved. In this book, a noted physicist explains the radical changes that have taken place in this exciting and rapidly developing field.Pierre-Gilles de Gennes points out the three developments that have been essential for recent advances in the study of large-scale conformations and motions of flexible polymers in solutions and melts. They are the advent of neutron-scattering experiments on selectively deuterated molecules; the availability of inelastic scattering of laser light, which allows us to study the cooperative motions of the chains; and the discovery of an important relationship between polymer statistics and critical phenomena, leading to many simple scaling laws.Until now, information relating to these advances has not been readily accessible to physical chemists and polymer scientists because of the difficulties in the new theoretical language that has come into use. Professor de Gennes bridges this gap by presenting scaling concepts in terms that will be understandable to students in chemistry and engineering as well as in physics.