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Prison Violence

Author: Kristine Levan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131707579X
Size: 71.52 MB
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Drawing on a range of research and media sources to provide an international perspective on the topic of prison violence, this book focuses on the impact of such violence on the individual both while he or she is incarcerated and upon his or her release from prison, as well as on society as a whole. With a special emphasis on comparisons of violence among incarcerated populations in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom, Prison Violence: Causes, Consequences and Solutions explores the various systems that exist to combat the problem, whilst also considering public perceptions of offenders and punishment, as influenced by media and coverage of high-profile cases. Providing a comprehensive analysis of prison violence on national and international levels, this book examines the extent of the problem, theoretical understandings of the issue and concrete solutions designed to prevent and handle such violence. As such, it will be of interest to policy makers as well as scholars of sociology, criminology and penology.

The Evidence Enigma

Author: Tiffany Bergin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131703256X
Size: 21.77 MB
Format: PDF
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Why do policymakers sometimes adopt policies that are not supported by evidence? How can scholars and practitioners encourage policymakers to listen to research? This book explores these questions, presenting a fascinating case study of a policy that did not work, yet spread rapidly to almost every state in the United States: the policy of correctional boot camps. Examining the claims on which the implementation of the policy were based, including the assertions that such boot camps would reduce reoffending, save public money and ease overcrowding - none of which proved to be universally accurate - The Evidence Enigma also investigates the political, economic, cultural, and other factors which encouraged the spread of this policy. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are used to test hypotheses, as the author draws rich comparisons with other policies, including Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE), abstinence-only sex education programs, and the electronic monitoring or tagging of offenders in England and Wales. Presenting important lessons for guarding against the proliferation of policies that don't work in future, this ground-breaking and accessible book will be of interest to those working in the fields of criminology, sociology and social and public policy.

Crime And Punishment In America

Author: Elliott Currie
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250024218
Size: 55.48 MB
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An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.

Locked In

Author: John Pfaff
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465096921
Size: 17.38 MB
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"Pfaff, let there be no doubt, is a reformer...Nonetheless, he believes that the standard story--popularized in particular by Michelle Alexander, in her influential book, The New Jim Crow--is false. We are desperately in need of reform, he insists, but we must reform the right things, and address the true problem."--Adam Gopnik, The New Yorker A groundbreaking examination of our system of imprisonment, revealing the true causes of mass incarceration as well as the best path to reform In the 1970s, the United States had an incarceration rate comparable to those of other liberal democracies-and that rate had held steady for over 100 years. Yet today, though the US is home to only about 5 percent of the world's population, we hold nearly one quarter of its prisoners. Mass incarceration is now widely considered one of the biggest social and political crises of our age. How did we get to this point? Locked In is a revelatory investigation into the root causes of mass incarceration by one of the most exciting scholars in the country. Having spent fifteen years studying the data on imprisonment, John Pfaff takes apart the reigning consensus created by Michelle Alexander and other reformers, revealing that the most widely accepted explanations-the failed War on Drugs, draconian sentencing laws, an increasing reliance on private prisons-tell us much less than we think. Pfaff urges us to look at other factors instead, including a major shift in prosecutor behavior that occurred in the mid-1990s, when prosecutors began bringing felony charges against arrestees about twice as often as they had before. He describes a fractured criminal justice system, in which counties don't pay for the people they send to state prisons, and in which white suburbs set law and order agendas for more-heavily minority cities. And he shows that if we hope to significantly reduce prison populations, we have no choice but to think differently about how to deal with people convicted of violent crimes-and why some people are violent in the first place. An authoritative, clear-eyed account of a national catastrophe, Locked In transforms our understanding of what ails the American system of punishment and ultimately forces us to reconsider how we can build a more equitable and humane society.

Mobbing

Author: Maureen P. Duffy
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195380010
Size: 24.59 MB
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Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions addresses the devastating impact that mobbing has on victims, their families, and the organizations in which it occurs. The book provides a fascinating analysis of how organizations can foster mobbing, and what can be done to help mobbing victims and their organizations to heal.

The Growth Of Incarceration In The United States

Author: Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309298018
Size: 37.91 MB
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After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States has increased fivefold during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. prison population is largely drawn from the most disadvantaged part of the nation's population: mostly men under age 40, disproportionately minority, and poorly educated. Prisoners often carry additional deficits of drug and alcohol addictions, mental and physical illnesses, and lack of work preparation or experience. The growth of incarceration in the United States during four decades has prompted numerous critiques and a growing body of scientific knowledge about what prompted the rise and what its consequences have been for the people imprisoned, their families and communities, and for U.S. society. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines research and analysis of the dramatic rise of incarceration rates and its affects. This study makes the case that the United States has gone far past the point where the numbers of people in prison can be justified by social benefits and has reached a level where these high rates of incarceration themselves constitute a source of injustice and social harm. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines policy changes that created an increasingly punitive political climate and offers specific policy advice in sentencing policy, prison policy, and social policy. The report also identifies important research questions that must be answered to provide a firmer basis for policy. This report is a call for change in the way society views criminals, punishment, and prison. This landmark study assesses the evidence and its implications for public policy to inform an extensive and thoughtful public debate about and reconsideration of policies.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595586431
Size: 28.74 MB
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Argues that the War on Drugs and policies that deny convicted felons equal access to employment, housing, education and public benefits create a permanent under-caste based largely on race. Reprint. 12,500 first printing.

Are Prisons Obsolete

Author: Angela Y. Davis
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609801040
Size: 44.38 MB
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With her characteristic brilliance, grace and radical audacity, Angela Y. Davis has put the case for the latest abolition movement in American life: the abolition of the prison. As she quite correctly notes, American life is replete with abolition movements, and when they were engaged in these struggles, their chances of success seemed almost unthinkable. For generations of Americans, the abolition of slavery was sheerest illusion. Similarly,the entrenched system of racial segregation seemed to last forever, and generations lived in the midst of the practice, with few predicting its passage from custom. The brutal, exploitative (dare one say lucrative?) convict-lease system that succeeded formal slavery reaped millions to southern jurisdictions (and untold miseries for tens of thousands of men, and women). Few predicted its passing from the American penal landscape. Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for the prison is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.

Confronting A Culture Of Violence

Author:
Publisher: USCCB Publishing
ISBN: 9781555860288
Size: 38.30 MB
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Addresses the need for a moral revolution and a renewed ethic of justice, responsibility, and community. Recognizes impressive examples in dioceses, parishes, and schools across the country.

Correctional Counseling A Cognitive Growth Perspective

Author: Central Washington University Key Sun
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763799432
Size: 52.43 MB
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The cognitive growth model maintains that correctional counseling is intended to help offenders balance their lives and important relations through developing more accurate social cognitions and understanding about the self, others, and patterns governing their interactions. This updated Second Edition employs the cognitive growth model to examine the major contemporary issues in correctional counseling and thoroughly explains how to use the model to fully understand and effectively perform correctional counseling. Correctional Counseling: A Cognitive Growth Perspective discusses such issues as, the counselor roles, work settings and challenges, offender classification and assessment, counseling processes, intervention/therapeutic techniques, and more. With this text the reader will learn how to respond to correctional clients and help them cope with their issues in the community and within prison. New to the Second Edition: -A NEW chapter (Chapter 11) on understanding and treating substance abuse has been added to address the increasing issue of substance abuse for the offender population. -Includes a NEW chapter (Chapter 12) on restorative justice. This chapter examines the skills and principles of restorative justice and addresses the needs of the victim, community, and the offender. -Contains updated crime statistics, further examines the issue of prisoner reentry, and provides additional information on drug/mental health courts. -Includes an expanded discussion on art therapy for assessment, and focuses on its techniques and benefits. -The chapter on counseling processes (Chapter 7) has been updated to include coverage on the issue of a gender-sensitive approach in counseling female offenders, and assessment and intervention for juvenile offenders. -The chapter on mentally disordered offenders (Chapter 10) includes an expanded discussion on research about mental illness and violence, and further analyzes the debate between social cognitive explanation and the biomedical explanation for mental disorder. Key Features: -Comprehensive in coverage, this text includes discussions on all major issues in contemporary correctional counseling (correctional counselors' roles, settings and challenges, major systems of therapeutic models, counseling processes, ethical dilemmas, etc.). Readers gain a wide-range of knowledge about correctional counseling theories and practice. -Although comprehensive, all discussions remain concise so that the reader can focus on and learn the most relevant and useful knowledge needed to succeed in the field. -Describes controversial issues in correctional counseling, including the limitations of counseling models and multidisciplinary perspectives for evidence-based counseling. This text encourages the reader to think critically and analyze the correctional issues being discussed. Instructor Resources: Instructor's Manual Test Bank PowerPoint Lecture Outlines"