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Probation And Parole

Author: Howard Abadinsky
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132350051
Size: 35.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Written by former community corrections professional, this book provides a state-of-the-art view of probation and parole. Offering a new two-color design, this revision contains updated material from agencies throughout the country and features 12 chapters that focus on all aspects of topic from the practitioner's point of view. Throughout the book, controversial issues are addressed and capture the conflict between the need to maximize community safety and the need to control the cost of operating prisons. Additional attention is paid to both the juvenile and adult populations and the book considers how the probation officers work with each.

Routledge Handbook Of Corrections In The United States

Author: O. Hayden Griffin III
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317291212
Size: 16.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Routledge Handbook of Corrections in the United States brings together original contributions from leading scholars in criminology and criminal justice that provide an in-depth, state-of-the-art look at the most important topics in corrections. The book discusses the foundations of corrections in the United States, philosophical issues that have guided historical movements in corrections, different types of punishment and supervision, trends in incarceration, issues affecting race, ethnicity, and special populations in corrections, and a variety of other emerging issues. This book scrutinizes innovative community programs as well as more traditional sanctions, and exposes the key issues and debates surrounding the correctional process in the United States. Among other important topics, selections address the inherent discrimination within the system, special issues surrounding certain populations, and the utilization of the death penalty as the ultimate punishment. This book serves as an essential reference for academicians and practitioners working in corrections and related agencies, as well as for students taking courses in criminal justice, criminology, and related subjects.

Law Courts And Justice In America

Author: Howard Abadinsky
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478622563
Size: 79.67 MB
Format: PDF
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Faculty praised each of the previous six editions of Howard Abadinsky’s clear, comprehensive overview of the US legal system. His latest edition—Law, Courts, and Justice in America (previously Law and Justice)—represents a refined, updated synthesis of the complex, fluid justice system in the United States. Part I (Law) describes the history of the US justice system and the emergence of law schools; the realities of a law school education; and the current state of the legal profession for both women and men. Part II (Courts) unravels the structure of federal and state court systems, delineating differences between constitutional and legislative courts and between trial and appellate courts; the structure and purpose of appellate courts; and the Supreme Court, noting variations in the interpretation of statutes, the Constitution, and the original intent of legislators; and the roles of judges, prosecutors, and attorneys. Part III (Justice) demystifies the criminal, civil, and juvenile judicial processes; plea-bargaining and the controversies surrounding it; and adjudication options outside of traditional, adversarial legal venues. Throughout, landmark cases, important historical events, illustrative examples, and boxed items highlight or expand chapter content.

Discretionary Justice

Author: Carolyn Strange
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479810908
Size: 75.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The pardon is an act of mercy, tied to the divine right of kings. Why did New York retain this mode of discretionary justice after the Revolution? And how did governors’ use of this prerogative change with the advent of the penitentiary and the introduction of parole? This book answers these questions by mining previously unexplored evidence held in official pardon registers, clemency files, prisoner aid association reports and parole records. This is the first book to analyze the histories of mercy and parole through the same lens, as related but distinct forms of discretionary decision-making. It draws on governors’ public papers and private correspondence to probe their approach to clemency, and it uses qualitative and quantitative methods to profile petitions for mercy, highlighting controversial cases that stirred public debate. Political pressure to render the use of discretion more certain and less personal grew stronger over the nineteenth century, peaking during constitutional conventionsand reaching its height in the Progressive Era. Yet, New York’s legislators left the power to pardon in the governor’s hands, where it remains today. Unlike previous works that portray parole as the successor to the pardon, this book shows that reliance upon and faith in discretion has proven remarkably resilient, even in the state that led the world toward penal modernity.

Drug Use And Abuse A Comprehensive Introduction

Author: Howard Abadinsky
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305961544
Size: 34.20 MB
Format: PDF
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Updated to include the latest data and research, Abadinsky's DRUG USE AND ABUSE: A COMPREHENSIVE INTRODUCTION, 9th Edition, delivers a thorough, interdisciplinary examination of all aspects of drug and alcohol use and misuse. The text draws from the disciplines of history, law, pharmacology, political science, social work, counseling, psychology, sociology, and criminal justice -- resulting in the most comprehensive, authoritative single source available. The author explores the history of drugs, their impact on society, the pharmacological impact of drugs on the body, drug policy implications, the criminal justice system response, the illegal drug business, law enforcement, and theories of use, as well as the effects, treatment, and prevention of abuse. Other topics include the nonmedical use of prescription drugs, synthetic substances, the use of stimulants to treat PTSD and ADD, the pharmacology and controversies surrounding marijuana, and United States and global drug policy. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Size: 53.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Community Based Corrections

Author: Leanne Fiftal Alarid
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305633725
Size: 30.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Objective, comprehensive, and up-to-date, the eleventh edition of best-selling COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS provides an excellent introduction to the theory, procedures, evidence-based practices, and personnel involved in community-based corrections. Students learn about the supervision techniques and treatment programs that constitute alternatives to incarceration, and which are designed to meet the level of risk and needs of each individual. These include probation, parole, electronic monitoring, house arrest, residential facilities, restitution, fines, and other options. Coverage of theories related to community correctional goals includes discussion of specific deterrence; rehabilitation through risk, needs, and responsivity; and restorative justice. Input from professionals in the field gives students invaluable insight into real-world practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.