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Probiotic Bacteria And Their Effect On Human Health And Well Being

Author: A. Guarino
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318023256
Size: 44.26 MB
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Our microflora is an individual personal feature, providing a distinct tag to individuals. However, our intestinal microbiome is strongly affected by genetic, nutritional, and other external factors, and evolves with age. An effect of different microbial patterns on health appears very likely as there seem to be specific changes of intestinal microflora associated with various diseases. Specific microbial tags may thus be used as biomarkers of disease: to diagnose it, to monitor its evolution, and eventually to predict its response to treatment. This scenario opens the opportunity for targeting intestinal microflora using probiotics, both for prevention and treatment of an increasing number of conditions. Probiotic therapy is applied either as an adjunct to other treatments or as primary therapy, and evidence of efficacy is accumulating in several conditions, affecting either the intestine or nonintestinal organs. This publication provides an update on probiotics directed at physicians, biologists, biotechnologists, and researchers working in the food industry and agriculture, as well as in the environmental and basic sciences.

Nutritional Care Of Preterm Infants

Author: B. Koletzko
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318026417
Size: 63.52 MB
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Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.

Nutrition And Growth

Author: B. Koletzko
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318025666
Size: 27.99 MB
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The relation between nutrition and growth in children is one of the key concerns of pediatric health that touches a multitude of specialties. Exchanging concepts and knowledge between professionals of all the different disciplines involved is thus crucial to facilitate research and interdisciplinary clinical collaborations. The present 'Yearbook on Nutrition and Growth' is unique in its concept: The contributing editors of each chapter have chosen recent journal articles that have the most potential in relation to the topic of their chapter. Providing the practicing physician with succinct editorial comments, the editors also evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application. This yearbook is a valuable resource for pediatricians interested in the subspecialties of nutrition, endocrinology and gastroenterology, but also for pediatric nutritionists and dieticians, and other health professionals involved in the care of children.

Evidence Based Research In Pediatric Nutrition

Author: H. Szajewska
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318024570
Size: 46.72 MB
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Recognition of evidence-based medicine is not only increasing rapidly, but it has become essential to pediatric nutrition. Starting with some methodological issues - discussing systemic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical trials - this publication then concisely summarizes current knowledge as well as ignorance and uncertainty regarding selected aspects of childhood nutrition. These aspects include functional gastrointestinal disorders, issues concerning various kinds of milk, complementary foods, enteral nutrition, celiac disease or obesity. Contents are based on evidence and summarize current guidelines; moreover, when there is no clear evidence, they provide some food for thought.

Bioactive Foods In Promoting Health

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080958540
Size: 70.96 MB
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Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion: Probiotics and Prebiotics brings together experts working on the different aspects of supplementation, foods, and bacterial preparations, in health promotion and disease prevention, to provide current scientific information, as well as providing a framework upon which to build clinical disease treatment studies. Since common dietary bacterial preparations are over-the-counter and readily available, this book will be useful to the growing nutrition, food science, and natural product community that will use it as a resource in identifying dietary behavioral modifications in pursuit of improved health as well as for treatment of specific disease, as it focuses on the growing body of knowledge of the role of various bacteria in reducing disease risk and disease. Probiotics are now a multi-billion-dollar, dietary supplement business which is built upon extremely little research data. In order to follow the 1994 ruling, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with the support of Congress is currently pushing this industry to base its claims and products on scientific research. Research as shown that dietary habits need to be altered for most people whether for continued or improved good health. The conclusions and recommendations from the various chapters in this book will provide a basis for those important factors of change by industry with new uses. Animal studies and early clinical ones will lead to new uses and studies. Particularly the cutting edge experimental and clinical studies from Europe will provide novel approaches to clinical uses through their innovative new studies. Feature: Heavy emphasis on clinical applications (benefits and/or lack thereof) as well as future biomedical therapeutic uses identified in animal model studies Benefits: Focused on therapies and data supporting them for application in clinical medicine as complementary and alternative medicines Feature: Key insights into gut flora and the potential health benefits thereof. Benefit: Health scientists and nutritionists will use this information to map out key areas of research. Food scientists will use it in product development. Feature:Information on pre-and probiotics as important sources of micro-and macronutrients Benefit: Aids in the development of methods of bio-modification of dietary plant molecules for health promotion. Feature: Coverage of a broad range of bacterial consituents Benefits: Nutritionists will use the information to identify which of these constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on health status of an individual Feature: Science-based information on the health promoting characteristics of pre-and probiotics Benefits: Provides defense of food selections for individual consumption based on health needs and current status Feature: Diverse international authoring team experienced in studying prebiotics and probiotics for medical practice Benefits: Unusally broad range of experiences and newly completed clinical and animal studies provides extended access to latest information

The Human Microbiome Diet And Health

Author: Food Forum
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030926586X
Size: 25.34 MB
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The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.

Dairy In Human Health And Disease Across The Lifespan

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128098694
Size: 62.16 MB
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Dairy in Human Health and Disease across the Lifespan addresses the contribution of milk to the human diet and health throughout the life span. This comprehensive book is divided into three sections and presents a balanced overview of dairy’s impact on nutrition from infancy to adulthood. Summaries capture the most salient points of each chapter, and the book provides coverage of dairy as a functional food in health and disease. Presents various dairy products and their impact on health specific to various stages in the lifespan Provides information to identify which food and diet constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on modification of health and nutrition Incorporates contributions from an international team of authors with varying areas of expertise related to dairy and nutrition

Diet Microbiome And Health

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128114924
Size: 74.48 MB
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Diet, Microbiome and Health, Volume 11, in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, presents the most up-to-date research to help scientists, researchers and students in the field of food engineering understand the different microbial species we have in our guts, why they are important to human development, immunity and health, and how to use that understanding to further promote research to create healthy food products. In addition, the book provides studies that clearly demonstrate how dietary preferences and social behavior significantly impact the diversity of microbial species in the gut and their numeric values, which may balance health and disease. Highlights research discoveries on how gut microbiota influence and are impacted by health and disease Includes information on and examples of healthy foods Discusses gut microbiota in autism, GI disease, neuropsychiatric disorders, obesity and metabolic disease Explores the barrier function of the gut Examines how food preferences impact gut microbiota

Probiotics Prebiotics And Synbiotics

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128023716
Size: 23.60 MB
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Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion reviews and presents new hypotheses and conclusions on the effects of different bioactive components of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics to prevent disease and improve the health of various populations. Experts define and support the actions of bacteria; bacteria modified bioflavonoids and prebiotic fibrous materials and vegetable compounds. A major emphasis is placed on the health-promoting activities and bioactive components of probiotic bacteria. Offers a novel focus on synbiotics, carefully designed prebiotics probiotics combinations to help design functional food and nutraceutical products Discusses how prebiotics and probiotics are complementary and can be incorporated into food products and used as alternative medicines Defines the variety of applications of probiotics in health and disease resistance and provides key insights into how gut flora are modified by specific food materials Includes valuable information on how prebiotics are important sources of micro-and macronutrients that modify body functions

Probiotics In Food

Author:
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org
ISBN: 9789251055137
Size: 33.31 MB
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This paper includes joint FAO and WHO work to evaluate the latest information and scientific evidence available on the functional and safety aspects of food probiotics, as well as the methodology to assess such aspects, by bringing together worldwide scientific experts in the field. It includes the reports of an expert consultation held in Cordoba, Argentina, in October 2001 and of a working group in London, Ontario, Canada, in May 2002. These reports provide scientific evidence in relation to the safetyassessment of probiotics, general guidance for their evaluation and on specific questions in relation to their pathology, toxigenicity, allergenicity, as well as to their functional and nutritional properties. The guidelines for the evaluation on probiotics in food were developed as part of this joint effort, providing criteria and methodology to assess the efficacy and the safety of these products.--Publisher's description.