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Problems With Temperature Regulation During Exercise

Author: Ethan Nadel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323160980
Size: 53.23 MB
Format: PDF
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Problems with Temperature Regulation during Exercise covers the proceedings of the 1976 Problems of Temperature Regulation during Exercise symposium in conjunction with the American College of Sports Medicine meeting, held in Anaheim, California. This book contains seven chapters that consider the various aspects of a specialized problem within the broader area of temperature regulation and exercise physiology. After briefly providing an overview of the temperature regulation during exercise, this text goes on discussing the physical means by which heat is transferred both within the body and between the body and its environment. These topics are followed by a presentation of the physiological systems that control the rates of heat transfer. The subsequent chapters examine the conditions in which the controlling systems are limited in their abilities to transfer heat and to adapt in their capabilities. The remaining chapters explore the specific influences that enhance heat dissipation mechanisms at a given level of central thermoregulatory drive. This work is of great benefit to circulatory physiologists and biophysicists.

Lore Of Running

Author: Timothy Noakes
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 9780873229593
Size: 56.89 MB
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Dr. Noakes explores the physiology of running, all aspects of training, and recognizing, avoiding, and treating injuries. 133 illustrations.

Body Temperature Regulation

Author: Austin B. Cisneros
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781607412823
Size: 10.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Body temperature regulation refers to processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature. Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different. This process is one aspect of homeostasis, a dynamic state of stability between an animal's internal environment and its external environment. The maintenance of body temperature in animals is a result of the process of metabolism, by which foodstuffs are converted into protein, carbohydrates, and fat, with the release of energy in the form of heat. Because active muscles metabolize food faster than muscles at rest, giving off more heat in the process, physical activity increases body temperature. This book provides a great variety of research on human as well as animal body temperature regulation. The principles of thermodynamics pertinent to the exchange of heat energy between the body and its surrounding environment is reviewed. Included also are studies on the effects of diet, body weight, exercise, disease, age and drugs.

Musculoskeletal Disease Associated With Diabetes Mellitus

Author: Masaaki Inaba
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431557202
Size: 40.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The aim of this book is to review the latest findings on musculoskeletal disease associated with diabetes. It has been increasingly recognized that maintaining skeletal health is an important factor in achieving longevity in healthy subjects. Diabetes has been established as a disease independently associated with sarcopenia and increased risk of bone fracture resulting from osteoporosis; therefore, it is reasonable to maintain that musculoskeletal health is important in preserving good health. As either bone or muscle is intimately involved in the regulation of metabolic status, keeping the musculoskeletal system healthy is important for improving abnormal glucose metabolism toward normal levels and is vital, as well, for maintaining normal activities of daily living. Muscle is a target of insulin for enhancing the entry of glucose; thus it is conceivable that sarcopenia and muscle containing fat streaks causes insulin resistance in diabetic patients. Furthermore, bone is an organ that regulates Ca and Pi levels in serum by releasing or resorbing Ca and Pi to and from bone tissue. It is now known that bone is a definitive endocrine organ for regulating glucose metabolism and Pi metabolism by secreting osteocalcin and FGF-23 from osteocytes/osteoblasts. Readers will learn of the recent findings in this area, and this book will benefit physicians who deal with diabetes, particularly orthopedists and bone specialists, as well as all physical therapists.

Thermoregulation And Human Performance

Author: Frank E. Marino
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805586485
Size: 22.17 MB
Format: PDF
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Over the last decades, our understanding of the relationship between thermoregulation, performance and fatigue has changed dramatically. New advances in technology and methodology permitted the study of rising and decreasing body temperature on metabolism and provided insights into the role the nervous system plays in determining human performance under thermally stressful situations. Further analysis of previous research has been necessary in addition to considering theories derived from complimentary areas of research such as evolutionary biology, anthropology and cellular and molecular biology. This publication provides different interpretations of recent research for a better understanding of the limitations of thermoregulation. In particular, it presents evidence for the human's ability to anticipate thermal limits and adjust their performance accordingly so that cellular homeostasis is preserved. Further, the book is featuring the inclusion of the effect of reduced body temperature on muscular performance and endurance which today is a popular method for providing avenues of reduced thermal strain and recovery from exercise. This publication will be an essential read for those working in thermal medicine, exercise physiology and human performance.

Physiology And Pathophysiology Of Temperature Regulation

Author: Clark M. Blatteis
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810231729
Size: 58.40 MB
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This is a user-friendly monograph designed for medical students as well as graduate students and postdoctoral trainees in medicine and other health-related sciences who need a comprehensive overview of thermoregulation. It presents the bases of the modern concepts in thermal physiology and pathophysiology, bringing together the disciplines encompassed by this highly integrative field ? physiology, anatomy, biophysics, molecular and cellular biology, pharmacology, neuroscience, pathology, medicine, and others ? into a clear and concise form that can be read comfortably in a relatively short time. This text was conceived by the Commission on Thermal Physiology of the International Union of Physiological Sciences in response to its concern over the inadequate and outdated coverage of this topic in traditional textbooks. The membership of this Commission comprises international experts in each of the subfields of thermal physiology, with extensive research and teaching experience in their respective specialties. They are the authors of the chapters of this indispendable textbook.

Human Body Temperature

Author: Y. Houdas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489903453
Size: 41.49 MB
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The physiology of man is a complex subject. Unfortunately the regulation of temperature in the human body is not always well explained in textbooks. Many conference proceedings on the subject have been produced that give excellent detail on research topics. However, the subject matter is rarely presented as a composite whole. New technology has broadened the scope of methods available for studying body temperature. Thermography in particular has made it possible to record in real time the temperature distribution of large areas of the body surface. Modem image processing methods permit dynamic studies to be carried out and detailed analyses made retrospectively-a tremendous advance over the complex and slow techniques formerly used by physiologists. Yet although the associa tion between disease and temperature is as old as medicine itself, beyond the implicit faith in the clinical mercury thermometer, other measuring techniques are finding a slow acceptance. This book is designed to put into perspective the critical factors that make up "body temperature. " Body temperature cannot be viewed as a static entity but rather must be seen as a dynamic process. An understanding of this phenomenon is important to all who use thermal imaging and measuring techniques in clinical medi cine. These methods have, in recent years, brought engineers, physi cists, technicians, and clinicians together. Inevitably, however, there v vi Preface are gaps and overlaps in technology and understanding.

Exercise Physiology For Health Fitness And Performance

Author: Sharon Plowman
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781784061
Size: 37.29 MB
Format: PDF
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This textbook integrates basic exercise physiology with research studies to stimulate learning, allowing readers to apply principles in the widest variety of exercise and sport science careers. It combines basic exercise physiology with special applications and contains flexible organisation of independent units.

Military Quantitative Physiology Problems And Concepts In Military Operational Medicine

Author: The Borden Institute, U.S. Army Medical Department (U.S.)
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 0160939119
Size: 37.74 MB
Format: PDF
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Few human activities demand or deserve as much attention of the citizens of a nation as the array of man-made and natural “environmental” threats faced by the soldiers and other warriors defending the nation – those that pose the risk of disease, injury, combat wounds, and even death. This book is the Army’s first detailing research in computational physiology models and highlighting pivotal research. It outlines the extent to which basic and applied biomedical scientists, clinicians, modelers, and others strive to understand the extent of these threats, and provide intellectual and materiel options to mitigate these risks. This book summarizes major Army research efforts to quantify and model military relevant physiology. These chapters highlight the translation of this research into useful predictive tools. The tools are of importance to medical planners, materiel developers, commanders, and in many cases, every soldier. These chapters detail the experimental basis for many of the predictive tools that are currently in use. This book is written for military clinicians, and medical researchers who may be reasonably expected to explain some of the background, as well as those who will extend the research. Many people will find this book interesting because it details research on topics that affect everyone in everyday life, including how we sleep, eat, and exercise, as well as more specific topics such as the effects of caffeine on performance, risks associated with laser pointers, and even Army blast models that have influenced safety thresholds for car airbag deployments.