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Proceedings Of The 2nd Annual Gas Processing Symposium

Author: Farid Benyahia
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444535894
Size: 20.73 MB
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Advances in Gas Processing: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Gas Processing Symposium 11-1 4 January, 2010, Doha, Qatar, reviews the state of knowledge in gas processing. The contributions are organized around five main themes: (i) environmental sustainability; (ii) natural gas processing technologies; (iii) energy efficiency in operations; (iv) design and safety; and (v) operational excellence. The papers on environmental sustainability cover topics such as the biogasification of waste monoethanolamine; the role of LNG in a carbon constrained world; and sustainable water management. The papers on natural gas processing technologies include the removal of acid gases from natural gas streams via membrane technology and selective control of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis hydrocarbons product distribution. The papers on energy efficiency in operations cover lifted turbulent jet flame in a cross-flow; novel hybrid biomass and coal processes; and the adoption of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The papers on design and safety include studies on the optimal design and operation of a GTL process and efficient design, operating, and control strategies for LNG plants. The papers on operational excellence deal with topics such as chemicals in gas processing; the monitoring and optimization of hydrocarbon separation equipment; and the inhibition of gas hydrate formation. * Provides a state-of-the-art review of gas processing technologies * Covers design, operating tools, and methodologies * Includes case studies and practical applications

Progress In Exergy Energy And The Environment

Author: Ibrahim Dincer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319046810
Size: 49.82 MB
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This thorough and highly relevant volume examines exergy, energy and the environment in the context of energy systems and applications and as a potential tool for design, analysis, optimization. It further considers their role in minimizing and/or eliminating environmental impacts and providing for sustainable development. In this regard, several key topics ranging from the basics of the thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications are covered.

Process Integration

Author: Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080454290
Size: 52.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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With growing global competition, the process industries must spare no effort in insuring continuous process improvement in terms of Increasing profitability; Conservation of resources and Prevention of pollution. The question is how can engineers achieve these goals for a given process with numerous units and streams? Until recently conventional approaches to process design and operation put emphasis only on individual units and parts of the process. A more powerful integrated approach was lacking. The new field of Process Integration looks towards the processing plant as a whole in its attempt to find solutions and improvements. Research over the past two decades has resulted in many techniques that allow engineers to better understand complex facilities and significantly enhance their performance. This textbook presents a comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the concepts, tools and applications of Process Integration. Emphasis is given to systematic ways of analyzing process performance. Graphical, algebraic and mathematical procedures are presented in detail. In addition to covering the fundamentals of the subject, the book also includes numerous case studies and examples that illustrate how Process Integration is solving actual industrial problems. Systematic methodology for analyzing the process as an integrated system, identifying global insights of the process, and generating optimum strategies and solutions Proper mix of fundamental principles, insightful tools, and industrial applications Generic techniques that are applicable to a wide variety of processing facilities Packed with case studies, practical tools, charts, tables, and performance criteria Extensive bibliography to provide ready access to process integration literature Excellent review of state-of-the-art technology, development trends, and future research directions

Adaptation In Natural And Artificial Systems

Author: John Henry Holland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262581110
Size: 61.93 MB
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List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

Handbook Of Natural Gas Transmission And Processing

Author: Saeid Mokhatab
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080466972
Size: 19.58 MB
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Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing gives engineers and managers complete coverage of natural gas transmission and processing in the most rapidly growing sector to the petroleum industry. The authors provide a unique discussion of new technologies that are energy efficient and environmentally appealing at the same time. It is an invaluable reference on natural gas engineering and the latest techniques for all engineers and managers moving to natural gas processing as well as those currently working on natural gas projects. * Provides practicing engineers critical information on all aspects of gas gathering, processing and transmission * First book that treats multiphase flow transmission in great detail * Examines natural gas energy costs and pricing with the aim of delivering on the goals of efficiency, quality and profit

Standard Handbook Of Machine Design

Author: Joseph Shigley
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071501436
Size: 41.61 MB
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The definitive machine design handbook for mechanical engineers, product designers, project engineers, design engineers, and manufacturing engineers covers every aspect of machine construction and operation. The 3rd edition of the Standard Handbook of Machine Design will be redesigned to meet the challenges of a new mechanical engineering age. In addition to adding chapters on structural plastics and adhesives, which are replacing the old nuts bolts and fasteners in design, the author will also update and streamline the remaining chapters.

Lng

Author: Michael D. Tusiani
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 087814885X
Size: 33.12 MB
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The demand for natural gas rises annually, straining existing supplies, and emerging markets often aren't accessible by pipeline. Using everyday language and real-world examples, authors Michael D. Tusiani and Gordon Shearer present LNG as the most viable energy answer. Their straightforward explanation of a complex industry proves that LNG can deliver a critical link in the energy demands of international economies.Readers will realize the complexity of this industry, which involves an intricate link of critical companies, governments, and stand-alone facilities. ""LNG: A Nontechnical Guide"" will be a valuable reference for energy industry leaders, investment bankers, and professors specializing in energy.

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes

Author: Robert E. Kesting
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 63.47 MB
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Until very recently it was widely assumed that permeability and selectivity of separation membranes were invariably coupled, and that one could only be increased at the expense of the other. New findings, however, demonstrate that both may be increased simultaneously by controlling micropore size and rigidity and barrier layer anisotropicity. Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes explains how this decoupling took place. In doing so it provides an up-to-date qualitative treatment of the relationship between structure and function in polymeric gas separation membranes; acquaints the reader with the most important commercial polymers, membranes, manufacturing processes, membrane configurations, and packaging; and explains how polymeric membranes are applied to specific gas separations. Supplemented with over 200 helpful illustrations, this book offers an exposition of the chemical natures of hypothetical black box membranes and those of specific polymers. Chemical structure at the functional group level is considered as the synthesis of steric and polar factors. An extensive section on physical structure includes the authors' major contribution to the field, the integrally skinned trilayer known commercially as "Prism Alpha". Treatment of membrane fabrication processes includes the important phase inversion process with its dry, wet, and thermal variations as well as an exposition of the nucleation and growth mechanism for membrane formation in light of recent discoveries. Also treated are membrane configurations (hollow fiber versus flat sheet), packaging (tube-in-shell, plate and frame), engineering/system design, and commercial applications, including several hybrid systems in whichvarious membrane processes are combined with one another or with some other separation mode. For professionals, researchers, and graduate students in polymer science, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, biotechnology, and chemical engineering, this critical evaluation of the present state of the art will be of immense help in gaining a theoretical understanding of the subject and applying that knowledge in practical situations. It will also be of value to business and marketing professionals who wish to keep abreast of the rapidly evolving separations field.

Handbook Of Petrochemicals Production Processes

Author: Robert Meyers
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Prof Med/Tech
ISBN: 0071410422
Size: 65.31 MB
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Supported by some of the largest petrochemical and petroleum companies in the world, this unique handbook provides the secrets to the latest in licensed petrochemical technology for some of the most economically important chemicals used throughout the world Process chemistry and thermodynamics are covered for each major processing unit as applicable.

Handbook Of Evolutionary Computation

Author: Thomas Bäck
Publisher: Inst of Physics Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780750303927
Size: 39.57 MB
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Many scientists and engineers now use the paradigms of evolutionary computation (genetic algorithms, evolution strategies, evolutionary programming, genetic programming, classifier systems, and combinations or hybrids thereof) to tackle problems that are either intractable or unrealistically time consuming to solve through traditional computational strategies. Recently there have been vigorous initiatives to promote cross-fertilization between the EC paradigms, and also to combine these paradigms with other approaches such as neural networks to create hybrid systems with enhanced capabilities. To address the need for speedy dissemination of new ideas in these fields, and also to assist in cross-disciplinary communications and understanding, Oxford University Press and the Institute of Physics have joined forces to create a major reference publication devoted to EC fundamentals, models, algorithms and applications. This work is intended to become the standard reference resource for the evolutionary computation community. The Handbook of Evolutionary Computation will be available in loose-leaf print form, as well as in an electronic version that combines both CD-ROM and on-line (World Wide Web) access to its contents. Regularly published supplements will be available on a subscription basis.