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Process Control In Textile Manufacturing

Author: Abhijit Majumdar
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095633
Size: 32.99 MB
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Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing

Chromic Materials

Author: Michal Vik
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351170988
Size: 51.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This informative volume reflects the state of art in the science of color-changeable materials and provides an abundance of in-depth knowledge about the field of colorimetry. The book describes the facts behind the chromic phenomena from the point of application, spectrophotometry of chromic materials, and instrumentation and testing. The authors begin with a short historical overview of the chromic phenomena, chromic materials, and classification of chromic materials and then go on to provide comprehensive treatises on chromic (or color-changeable) textiles and production techniques. Detailed descriptions of measurement methods that are usable in cases of translucent or opaque materials are provided as well. A number of new concepts are discussed along with standardized CIE (International Commission on Illumination) colorimetry with various CIE color space systems. Chromic materials appear as a dynamic system, which allows for a wide range of potential applications and related research. The authors share their own experiences with measurement of color chromic materials with the view to help fill the huge gap in field of measurement from the point of view in standardization. The authors conclude with an in-depth study of the testing of chromic testing, including testing for color fastness, fatigue resistance, light fastness, wash fastness, and rubbing fastness.

Process Control And Yarn Quality In Spinning

Author: G. Thilagavathi
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing India in T
ISBN: 9789380308357
Size: 16.46 MB
Format: PDF
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'Process Control and Yarn Quality in Spinning' outlines the concepts of raw material selection, control of various process parameters to optimise the process conditions, and analysis and interpretation of various types of test reports to find out the source of fault. Chapters also discuss count and strength variation, yarn evenness and imperfections, and control of productivity. Real time examples and case studies are also presented.

Woven Textiles

Author: K Gandhi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095587
Size: 37.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Traditionally used in apparel and interior fabrics, woven textiles are increasingly being employed in a variety of technical applications. Woven textiles: Principles, developments and applications provides an essential overview of the manufacture, structure and application of these important textiles. Beginning with an introduction to the fibres and yarns used in weaving, part one goes on to explore key preparatory techniques and the fundamentals of weaving technology. The characteristics of woven structures are then discussed in greater depth in part two, alongside investigation into the use of computer assisted design (CAD) systems, techniques for modelling the structure of woven fabrics, and methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures. Part three focuses of the application of woven textiles to a wide range of technologies. The use of woven textiles in automotive interiors and other transport applications is discussed, along with woven apparel fabrics, geotextiles, hollow woven fabrics and woven textiles for medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Woven textiles: Principles, developments and applications is an indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles. It also provides a useful overview of woven textile processing and applications for academics and students. Provides an essential overview of the manufacture, structure and application of woven textiles Explores key preparatory techniques and the fundamentals of weaving technology and discusses the characteristics of woven structures Covers the use of computer-assisted design (CAD) systems and methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures, among other topics

Fibrous And Textile Materials For Composite Applications

Author: Sohel Rana
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811002347
Size: 17.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book focuses on the fibers and textiles used in composite materials. It presents both existing technologies currently used in commercial applications and the latest advanced research and developments. It also discusses the different fiber forms and architectures, such as short fibers, unidirectional tows, directionally oriented structures or advanced 2D- and 3D-textile structures that are used in composite materials. In addition, it examines various synthetic, natural and metallic fibers that are used to reinforce polymeric, cementitious and metallic matrices, as well as fiber properties, special functionalities, manufacturing processes, and composite processing and properties. Two entire chapters are dedicated to advanced nanofiber and nanotube reinforced composite materials. The book goes on to highlight different surface treatments and finishes that are applied to improve fiber/matrix interfaces and other essential composite properties. Although a great deal of information about fibers and textile structures used for composite applications is already available, this is the only book currently available that discusses all types of fibers and structures used to reinforce polymers, cement, metal or soil to improve their general performance and multi-functional behaviors. As such, it fills an important gap in the available literature and provides a valuable resource for a wide range of students and researchers from academia and industry.

The Global Textile And Clothing Industry

Author: Roshan Shishoo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095625
Size: 47.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advances in technology, combined with the ever-evolving needs of the global market, are having a strong impact on the textile and clothing sector. The global textile and clothing industry: Technological advances and future challenges provides an essential review of these changes, and considers their implications for future strategies concerning production and marketing of textile products. Beginning with a review of trends in the global textile industry, the book goes on to consider the impact of environmental regulation on future textile products and processes. Following this, the importance of innovation-driven textile research and development, and the role of strategic technology roadmapping are highlighted. Both the present structure and future adaptation of higher education courses in textile science are reviewed, before recent advances in textile manufacturing technology, including joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design and explored in depth. Finally, The global textile and clothing industry concludes by considering automating textile preforming technology for the mass production of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, The global textile and clothing industry: Technological advances and future challenges is an essential guide to key challenges and developments in this industrial sector. Comprehensively examines the implications of technological advancements and the evolving needs of the global market on the textile and clothing industry and considers their role on the future of textile manufacturing The importance of innovation-driven textile research and development and the role of strategic technology roadmapping are thoroughly investigated Recent advances in textile manufacturing technology, including joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design and explored in depth

Handbook Of Yarn Production

Author: Peter Reeves Lord
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855736962
Size: 37.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Written a leading expert, this book is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to textile yarn manufacturing. The first three chapters provide an overview of yarn production, products and key principles. Chapters then review in detail the production processes for short-staple, long-staple and filament yarns and discuss quality control and the economics of staple-yarn production. The final section consists of a series of appendices with more detailed technical data and worked examples, providing in-depth analysis of key topics.

Industrial Cutting Of Textile Materials

Author: Ineta Vilumsone-Nemes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095560
Size: 36.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A cutting room is a separate area in a clothing manufacturer where garment components are cut out. The accuracy and efficiency of cutting room operations is critical to all subsequent operations and to final garment quality. Drawing on the author’s extensive experience, Industrial cutting of textile materials summarises good practice in cutting room operations. After an introduction, the author reviews initial steps such as unloading, sorting and quality control of materials. She then discusses subsequent operations from lay planning and marker making, through manual and automated spreading and cutting, to fusing of cut components and final work operations such as sorting cut components for sewing. Dr Vi?umsone-Nemes also discusses marker making, spreading and cutting of more intricate fabrics such as striped fabrics and fabrics with check, motif and border patterns, narrow lace and pile fabrics. Industrial cutting of textile materials provides essential knowledge about cutting processes to designers, technologists, and managers to help in improving product quality and in controlling production processes effectively. Summarises good practice in cutting room operations Reviews initial steps such as unloading, sorting and quality control of materials and discusses subsequent operations from lay planning and marker making to fusing of cut components and final work operations Includes coverage of more intricate fabrics such as striped fabrics and fabrics with check, motif and border patterns, narrow lace and pile fabrics

Coated And Laminated Textiles

Author: Walter Fung
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855735767
Size: 30.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Coating and lamination offer methods of improving and modifying the physical properties and appearance of fabrics and also the development of entirely new products by combining the benefits of fabrics, polymers and films. This detailed book covers all aspects of coating and lamination within the textile industry including - compound ingredients, how to set and adhere to strictly controlled processing conditions, the accurate control of production variables, the safe handling of toxic materials and the ongoing research into future products which will facilitate recycling and disposal. This book is particularly useful in the insight it gives about the challenges and opportunities that these new treatments offer and is essential reading for technologists, chemists and production engineers working in this exciting field. Authoritative review of the latest developments in coating and lamination processes for textiles Focuses on the importance of setting and adhering to processing conditions Written by the author of the well-known Textiles in automotive engineering