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The United Nations In Southeast Asia And The South Pacific

Author: Roderic Alley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349268259
Size: 15.90 MB
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This study of the United Nations in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific evaluates the organization's role and performance in Cambodia and over refugees; regarding human rights, development, environment and the needs of women; within regional cooperation; and as an instrument of state policy. These cases illustrate how multilateral conduct through the United nations provides a barometer indicating the intensity with which policy initiatives and values are sustained by relevant governmental interests alike. In the regional settings considered, conduct towards and within the UN has amplified unresolved value differences regarding relations with major powers, sustainability, and national identity.

Making War And Building Peace

Author: Michael W. Doyle
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837694
Size: 44.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Making War and Building Peace examines how well United Nations peacekeeping missions work after civil war. Statistically analyzing all civil wars since 1945, the book compares peace processes that had UN involvement to those that didn't. Michael Doyle and Nicholas Sambanis argue that each mission must be designed to fit the conflict, with the right authority and adequate resources. UN missions can be effective by supporting new actors committed to the peace, building governing institutions, and monitoring and policing implementation of peace settlements. But the UN is not good at intervening in ongoing wars. If the conflict is controlled by spoilers or if the parties are not ready to make peace, the UN cannot play an effective enforcement role. It can, however, offer its technical expertise in multidimensional peacekeeping operations that follow enforcement missions undertaken by states or regional organizations such as NATO. Finding that UN missions are most effective in the first few years after the end of war, and that economic development is the best way to decrease the risk of new fighting in the long run, the authors also argue that the UN's role in launching development projects after civil war should be expanded.

United Nations Secretaries General

Author: Peter J. Kelly
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 10.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The United Nations has fought an uphill battle since its formation in 1945. One General Secretary after another has fought unruly members, the tendency of several countries to ignore UN resolutions and continuous budget difficulties caused in part by the refusal of deadbest countries to pay their dues. In spite of these problems, the UN has numerous successes to its credit. If the world is not to go up in flames the United Nations will play an even larger role in the future. Before this can happen, however, the world will require leaders with more foresight and courage than those around now. The Secretaries General of the UN have laboured, sometimes in obscurity, to accomplish their missions. This book gathers together citations, including abstracts, from the journal literature, books, government reports and edited collections.

Pathways For Peace

Author: United Nations;World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464811865
Size: 63.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Violent conflicts today are complex and increasingly protracted, involving more nonstate groups and regional and international actors. It is estimated that by 2030—the horizon set by the international community for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals—more than half of the world’s poor will be living in countries affected by high levels of violence. Information and communication technology, population movements, and climate change are also creating shared risks that must be managed at both national and international levels. Pathways for Peace is a joint United Nations†“World Bank Group study that originates from the conviction that the international community’s attention must urgently be refocused on prevention. A scaled-up system for preventive action would save between US$5 billion and US$70 billion per year, which could be reinvested in reducing poverty and improving the well-being of populations. The study aims to improve the way in which domestic development processes interact with security, diplomacy, mediation, and other efforts to prevent conflicts from becoming violent. It stresses the importance of grievances related to exclusion—from access to power, natural resources, security and justice, for example—that are at the root of many violent conflicts today. Based on a review of cases in which prevention has been successful, the study makes recommendations for countries facing emerging risks of violent conflict as well as for the international community. Development policies and programs must be a core part of preventive efforts; when risks are high or building up, inclusive solutions through dialogue, adapted macroeconomic policies, institutional reform, and redistributive policies are required. Inclusion is key, and preventive action needs to adopt a more people-centered approach that includes mainstreaming citizen engagement. Enhancing the participation of women and youth in decision making is fundamental to sustaining peace, as well as long-term policies to address the aspirations of women and young people.

Cambodia

Author: Helen Jarvis
Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 10.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1996
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The very name Cambodia has a resonance which commands attention, setting-off a whole series of connatations. Most of these are usually connected with the horrors of Pol Pot, the Khmwer Rouge, genocide and the severe US bombing Cambodia suffered during the Vietnam War period. At the beginning of 1998, the country is in the unenviable position of being ruled by an uneasy coalition between the former socialist Cambodian People's Party and the monarchist FUNCINPEC (National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia). Furthermore, this administration constitutes the eighth different form of government since the nation became independent from France in 1953.