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Properties Of Materials

Author: Robert E. Newnham
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198520751
Size: 67.89 MB
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Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. While tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anistropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to qualify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and party on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.

Properties Of Materials

Author: Robert E. Newnham
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191523403
Size: 13.54 MB
Format: PDF
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Crystals are sometimes called 'Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom'. In addition to their great beauty, crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This book describes the underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials. It has been written at a level suitable for science and engineering students and can be used for teaching a one- or two-semester course. Tensors, matrices, symmetry and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. Whilst tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anisotropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to quantify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and partly on the basic physics and chemistry of materials. After introducing the point groups appropriate for single crystals, textured materials and ordered magnetic structures, the directional properties of many different materials are described: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion and other transport properties, and both primary and secondary ferroic behaviour. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having become an important component of the information age, nonlinear optics is described along with the piezo-optics, magneto-optics and electro-optics, and analogous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical activity, and chemical anisotropy are discussed in the final chapters of the book.

Structure Of Materials

Author: Marc De Graef
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139560476
Size: 21.95 MB
Format: PDF
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This highly readable, popular textbook for upper undergraduates and graduates comprehensively covers the fundamentals of crystallography and symmetry, applying these concepts to a large range of materials. New to this edition are more streamlined coverage of crystallography, additional coverage of magnetic point group symmetry and updated material on extraterrestrial minerals and rocks. New exercises at the end of chapters, plus over 500 additional exercises available online, allow students to check their understanding of key concepts and put into practice what they have learnt. Over 400 illustrations within the text help students visualise crystal structures and more abstract mathematical objects, supporting more difficult topics like point group symmetries. Historical and biographical sections add colour and interest by giving an insight into those who have contributed significantly to the field. Supplementary online material includes password-protected solutions, over 100 crystal structure data files, and Powerpoints of figures from the book.

Physical Properties Of Crystals

Author: J. F. Nye
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198511656
Size: 23.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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First published in 1957, this classic study has been reissued in a paperback version that includes an additional chapter bringing the material up to date. The author formulates the physical properties of crystals systematically in tensor notation, presenting tensor properties in terms of their common mathematical basis and the thermodynamic relations between them. The mathematical groundwork is laid in a discussion of tensors of the first and second ranks. Tensors of higher ranks and matrix methods are then introduced as natural developments of the theory. A similar pattern is followed in discussing thermodynamic and optical aspects.

Transition Metal Oxides

Author: P.A. Cox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588945
Size: 76.90 MB
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Transition metal oxides form a series of compounds with a uniquely wide range of electronic properties. The main aim of this book is to describe the varied electronic behaviour shown by transition metal oxides, and to discuss the different types of theoretical models that have been proposed to interpret this behaviour.

Dielectric Phenomena In Solids

Author: Kwan Chi Kao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080470165
Size: 41.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In general, a dielectric is considered as a non-conducting or insulating material (such as a ceramic or polymer used to manufacture a microelectronic device). This book describes the laws governing all dielectric phenomena. · A unified approach is used in describing each of the dielectric phenomena, with the aim of answering "what?", "how?" and "why" for the occurrence of each phenomenon; · Coverage unavailable in other books on ferroelectrics, piezoelectrics, pyroelectrics, electro-optic processes, and electrets; · Theoretical analyses are general and broadly applicable; · Mathematics is simplified and emphasis is placed on the physical insight of the mechanisms responsible for the phenomena; · Truly comprehensive coverage not available in the current literature.

Solid State Physics

Author: Gerald Burns
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483288269
Size: 64.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The objective of Solid State Physics is to introduce college seniors and first-year graduate students in physics, electrical engineering, materials science, chemistry, and related areas to this diverse and fascinating field. I have attempted to present this complex subject matter in a coherent, integrated manner, emphasizing fundamental scientific ideas to give the student a strong understanding and "feel" for the physics and the orders of magnitude involved. The subject is varied, covering many important, sophisticated, and practical areas, which, at first, may appear unrelated but which are actually built on the same foundation: the bonding between atoms, the periodic translational symmetry, and the resulting electron energy levels. The text is comprehensive enough so that the basics of broad areas of present research are covered, yet flexible enough so that courses of varying lengths can be satisfied. the exercises at the end of each chapter serve to reinforce and extend the text.

Soft Condensed Matter

Author: Richard A.L. Jones
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198505891
Size: 15.91 MB
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Probably one of the most fashionable areas in the physical sciences today, 'Soft Condensed Matter' provides an excellent introduction to the topic, and includes colloids, polymers, liquid crystals, and amphiphiles. It is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and chemical engineering.

Magnetism In Crystalline Materials

Author: A. P. Cracknell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483187292
Size: 66.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Magnetism in Crystalline Materials covers the applications of the theory of groups of cambiant symmetry and the physical properties of magnetically ordered crystalline solids. This book is divided into eight chapters; the first of which discusses the macroscopic properties of magnetic crystals. The structures of magnetically ordered crystals are then explained; this topic is followed by discussions on the theory of corepresentations; magnetic phase transitions; and the tensor properties of magnetic crystals. This text also looks into topics on electrons, lattice vibrations, and spin waves. This selection will be valuable to physicists and to others interested in the magnetism of crystalline materials.