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Prosocial Motives Emotions And Behavior

Author: Mario Mikulincer
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN:
Size: 16.73 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines the interplay of positive and negative influences on human behavior from a variety of perspectives. It contains contributions from recognized pioneers of research on prosocial behavior. It also includes contributions from widely-recognized experts in their subject areas. It examines several prosocial emotions, such as compassionate love, gratitude, generosity, and forgiveness, showing how these arise in individuals and groups and how they can be fostered.

The Oxford Handbook Of Prosocial Behavior

Author: David A. Schroeder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195399811
Size: 46.21 MB
Format: PDF
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The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior provides a comprehensive review of the current literature on when and why people act to benefit others. It provides a comprehensive overview of the field to give both the casual reader and the neophyte to the field some perspective about fundamental questions (what, why, when, and who) relative to prosocial behavior. Taking a multi-level approach, the chapters represent the broad spectrum of this multi-faceted domain. Topics range from micro-level analyses involving evolutionary and comparative psychological factors to macro-level applications, such as reducing intergroup conflicts and ethnic genocide. Between these extremes, the contributors--all internationally recognized in their field--offer their perspectives on developmental processes that may predispose individuals to empathize with and respond to the needs of others, individual differences that seem to interact with situational demands to promote helping, and the underlying motivations of those helping others. They explain volunteerism, intragroup cooperation, and intergroup cooperation to move the analysis from the individual to group-level phenomena. They extend the consideration of this topic to include support of pro- environmental actions, means to encourage participation in medical clinical trials, and the promotion of world peace. The ways that gender, interpersonal relationships, race, and religion might affect decisions to give aid and support to others are also addressed. The final chapter offers a unique view of prosocial behavior that encourages researchers and readers to take an even broader consideration of the field to search for a prosocial consilience.

Prosocial Development

Author: Laura M. Padilla-Walker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199964785
Size: 50.77 MB
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Prosocial behavior-broadly defined as voluntary action intended to help or benefit another-has been associated with positive outcomes across the lifespan. Children with a more prosocial orientation are better liked and trusted by their peers, have a higher status in peer groups, are better at maintaining friendships, demonstrate better self regulation, empathy, and social cognitive skills, and excel in academics. Researchers have shown that prosocial behaviors correlate to lower rates of school suspension and drop-out, teen pregnancy, substance use, aggression, and delinquency. These positive effects speak to the value of prosocial behavior during formative years. Prosocial Development examines a variety of biological, socialization, and contextual influences on prosocial development from infancy through early adulthood. While the definition of prosocial behavior may seem straightforward, recent research has highlighted its multifaceted nature. This volume specifically focuses on the multidimensionality of prosocial development, examining different contexts, motivations, types, and targets of prosocial behavior that are differentially predicted by socialization and dispositional characteristics. Skillfully edited by Drs. Padilla-Walker and Carlo, each chapter in this volume highlights some aspect of multidimensionality in regard to prosocial behavior and meaningful avenues for future research. This volume will be an important tool for scholars, researchers, and practitioners who are interested in prosocial, moral, and positive youth development. The organization and focus of this volume are also well-suited for use as a text for graduate courses in moral development, child and adolescent development, social psychology, sociology, anthropology, and family studies.

Altruism In Cross Cultural Perspective

Author: Douglas A. Vakoch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146146952X
Size: 52.40 MB
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Altruism in Cross-Cultural Perspective provides such a scholarly overview, examining the intersection of culture and such topics as evolutionary accounts of altruism and the importance of altruism in ritual and religion. ​​The past decade has seen a proliferation of research on altruism, made possible in part by significant funding from organizations such as the John Templeton Foundation. While significant research has been conducted on biological, social, and individual dimensions of altruism, there has been no attempt to provide an overview of the ways that altruistic behavior and attitudes vary across cultures. The book addresses the methodological challenges of researching altruism across cultures, as well as the ways that altruism is manifest in difficult circumstances. A particular strength of the book is its attention to multiple disciplinary approaches to understanding altruism, with contributors from fields including psychology, anthropology, sociology, biology, communication, philosophy, religious studies, gender studies, and bioethics.​

Handbook Of Temperament

Author: Marcel Zentner
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462506518
Size: 65.28 MB
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Timely and authoritative, this unique handbook explores the breadth of current knowledge on temperament, from foundational theory and research to clinical applications. Leaders in the field examine basic temperament traits, assessment methods, and what brain imaging and molecular genetics reveal about temperament's biological underpinnings. The book considers the pivotal role of temperament in parent–child interactions, attachment, peer relationships, and the development of adolescent and adult personality and psychopathology. Innovative psychological and educational interventions that take temperament into account are reviewed. Integrative in scope, the volume features extensive cross-referencing among chapters and a forward-looking summary chapter.

Evolution Re Psychologie

Author: David M. Buss
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783827370945
Size: 35.38 MB
Format: PDF
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In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.

Understanding Other Oriented Hope

Author: Andrew J. Howell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319150073
Size: 37.25 MB
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This Brief integrates the literature and research on other-oriented hope. It discusses the position of other-oriented hope as one manifestation of the broader attribute of other-interest and argues the importance of other-interest in well-being. The Brief examines definitions and attributes of other-oriented hope, based upon theoretical and empirical understandings of hope more generally. Thereafter it reviews both qualitative and quantitative research findings concerning the occurrence of other-oriented hope in several domains, including other-oriented hope among parents of ill children, other-oriented hope among caregivers and other-oriented hope among the elderly. Several theoretical frameworks for understanding the phenomenon of other-oriented hope are considered, as are the functions of and elements comprising, other-oriented hope. The differentiation of other-oriented hope and related concepts, such as compassion and love, is considered. Finally, the brief examines the application of other-oriented hope to practical work in counselling and caregiving and outlines several directions for future work on other-oriented hope.

Das Macht Paradox

Author: Dacher Keltner
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593399075
Size: 17.51 MB
Format: PDF
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Macht haben, Mensch bleiben Es sind nicht die Ellenbogen, es ist unser Gemeinsinn, der uns Macht verleiht. Doch sobald wir Macht haben und ihren Verführungen erliegen, geht uns die soziale Kompetenz schnell wieder verloren. Wir alle sind Opfer dieses Macht-Paradoxes, sagt der renommierte Psychologe Dacher Keltner. In seinem neuen Buch zeigt er, dass Macht und auch Machtmissbrauch in jedem Winkel unseres sozialen Lebens vorkommen: - In der Arbeitswelt, - in der Familie, - innerhalb von Freundschaften und gesellschaftlichen Gruppen. Macht bestimmt das Leben aller Menschen. Und erst wenn wir einen Blick durch die Brille der Macht werfen, lässt sich dieses Paradox auflösen. Damit die Guten nicht nur an die Macht kommen, sondern empathisch bleiben und sie behalten. Keltners Buch ist eine revolutionäre neue positive Psychologie der Macht. Einer der bedeutendsten Psychologen Amerikas inspiriert uns dazu, auf eine neue Weise über Macht nachzudenken. Sein Buch hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. "Dacher Keltner verändert die Vorstellungen darüber, wie Macht und wie Ungleichheit funktionieren. Es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis seine Ideen sich überall verbreiten. Und im Gegensatz zu anderen Psychologen, die ich kenne, ist er kein Spinner." Michael Lewis, Autor von "The Big Short"

Warum Wir Kooperieren

Author: Michael Tomasello
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783518260364
Size: 27.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Seit vielen Jahrhunderten wird die Frage nach der Natur des Menschen von zwei grundsätzlichen Positionen bestimmt: Hobbes' Meinung, daß die Menschen egoistisch zur Welt kommen und die Gesellschaft sie zur Kooperation erziehen muß, und Rousseaus Darstellung, nach der die Menschen von Natur aus kooperativ sind und später von ihrem Umfeld zu Egoisten gemacht werden. In "Warum wir kooperieren" berichtet Tomasello von wegweisenden Studien mit Kindern und Schimpansen, die neues Licht auf diese uralte Frage werfen. Kinder sind von Geburt an hilfsbereit und kooperativ, lernen aber im Laufe ihres Heranwachsens, eher selektiv zu kooperieren und beginnen den sozialen Normen ihrer Gruppe zu folgen.