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Prospect Theory And Foreign Policy Analysis In The Asia Pacific

Author: Kai He
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415656214
Size: 40.30 MB
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Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.

Chinese Scholars And Foreign Policy

Author: Huiyun Feng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429639066
Size: 78.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How does China see the rest of the world? One way to answer this question is to look at the work of China’s scholars in the field of International Relations (IR). This leads to a second question – to what extent do Chinese IR scholars influence Beijing’s foreign policy and outlook? The contributors to this book seek to answer these key questions, drawing on their own first- and second-hand experiences of involvement in scholarly IR debates in China. Discussing fundamental aspects of China’s foreign policy such as China’s view of the international structure, soft power projection, maritime disputes, and the principle of non-interference, this book provides insights into the hinterland of Chinese foreign policy-making. It is an invaluable reference for global IR scholars, especially those with a direct interest in understanding and predicting China’s actions and reactions on a range of international issues.

Us China Competition And The South China Sea Disputes

Author: Huiyun Feng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351214284
Size: 34.52 MB
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Traditionally, the South China Sea (SCS) issue was not on the negotiation table between the United States and China. However, the tensions between the United States and China over the SCS have gradually simmered up to a strategic level. Why and how did the SCS become a flashpoint between the United States and China? Will the United States and China really go to war over the SCS? Why did China adopt an "assertive" policy towards the South China Sea in the 2000s? What will regional actors do in the face of this "new normal" of competition between China and the United States? Will multilateral institutions in the Asia Pacific alleviate the potential conflicts over the SCS disputes? How will US-Chinese competition in the SCS shape the dynamics of Asian security? This edited book addresses these questions systematically and theoretically, with contributions from leading scholars in the field of US-China relations and Asian security from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Singapore. It elevates the analysis of the SCS disputes from maritime and legal issues to the strategic level between the United States and China.

China S Crisis Behavior

Author: Kai He
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316539113
Size: 69.78 MB
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Since the end of the Cold War, China has experienced several notable interstate crises: the 1999 'embassy bombing' incident, the 2001 EP-3 mid-air collision with a United States aircraft, and the Diaoyu/Senkaku dispute with Japan. China's response to each incident, however, has varied considerably. Drawing from a wealth of primary sources and interviews, this book offers a systematic analysis of China's crisis behavior in order to identify the factors which determine when Chinese leaders decide to escalate or scale down their response to crises. Inspired by prospect theory - a Nobel Prize-winning behavioral psychology theory - Kai He proposes a 'political survival prospect' model as a means to understand the disparities in China's behavior. He argues that China's response depends on a combination of three factors that shape leaders' views on the prospects for their 'political survival status', including the severity of the crisis, leaders' domestic authority, and international pressure.

Leadership Challenge

Author: James M. Kouzes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527503742
Size: 70.80 MB
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Through research, interviews and the experience of hundreds of managers, Kouzes and Posner show how leadership can be learned and mastered by all. Readable, interesting, and up-to-date. Highly recommended.--Library Journal.

Interkulturelle Zusammenarbeit

Author: Geert Hofstede
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322900371
Size: 79.52 MB
Format: PDF
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Ende der 60er Jahre beschäftigte ich mich eher zufällig mit kulturellen Unterschiede- und stieß dabei auf umfangreiches Material für eine Studie. Als Ergebnis dieser Studie wurde im Jahr 1980 ein Buch zu diesem Thema mit dem Titel Culture's Consequences veröffentlicht. Es war bewußt für ein Fachpublikum geschrieben, denn es weckte Zweifel an der Allgemeingültigkeit traditioneller Lehren der Psychologie, Organisationssoziolo gie und Manag!!menttheorie: ich mußte daher sowohl die theoretische Argumentation darlegen, als auch Basisdaten und die statistischen Verfahren angeben, an hand derer ich meine Thesen aufstellte. Die 1984 erschienene Taschenbuchausgabe verzichtete auf Basisdaten und Statistik, war ansonsten aber mit der gebundenen Ausgabe von 1980 identisch. Culture's Consequences erschien in einer Zeit, als das Interesse an kulturellen Unterschie den sowohl zwischen Ländern als auch zwischen Organisationen rapide anstieg; es gab damals kaum empirisch gestützte Informationen zu diesem Thema. Die Unterschiede zwischen Ländern waren zwar auch in dem vorherigen Buch enthalten, aber vielleicht waren es zu viele auf einmal. Offensichtlich haben sich viele Leser nur mit einem Teil des Inhalts befaßt. Viele Leute, die sich auf das Buch berufen, behaupten beispielsweise, ich hätte die Wertvorstellungen von IBM-(oder "Hermes-") Führungskräften untersucht. Die von mir verwendeten Daten bezogen sich auf IBM-Mitarbeiter, und wie das Buch selbst zeigte, ist dies ein erheblicher Unterschied.