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Purity And Exile

Author: Liisa H. Malkki
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022619096X
Size: 62.91 MB
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In this study of Hutu refugees from Burundi, driven into exile in Tanzania after their 1972 insurrection against the dominant Tutsi was brutally quashed, Liisa Malkki shows how experiences of dispossession and violence are remembered and turned into narratives, and how this process helps to construct identities such as "Hutu" and "Tutsi." Through extensive fieldwork in two refugee communities, Malkki finds that the refugees' current circumstances significantly influence these constructions. Those living in organized camps created an elaborate "mythico-history" of the Hutu people, which gave significance to exile, and envisioned a collective return to the homeland of Burundi. Other refugees, who had assimilated in a more urban setting, crafted identities in response to the practical circumstances of their day to day lives. Malkki reveals how such things as national identity, historical consciousness, and the social imagination of "enemies" get constructed in the process of everyday life. The book closes with an epilogue looking at the recent violence between Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda and Burundi, and showing how the movement of large refugee populations across national borders has shaped patterns of violence in the region.

Die Politische Ordnung Des Fl Chtlingslagers

Author: Katharina Inhetveen
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839413788
Size: 72.80 MB
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Weltweit werden Flüchtlinge langfristig in Flüchtlingslagern untergebracht. Heterogene Akteure - UNO, NGOs, Regierungsvertreter, aber auch die Flüchtlinge selbst - bringen ihre Perspektiven, Interessen, Ressourcen und Außenbeziehungen in die Flüchtlingslager ein. Deren politische Ordnung konstituiert sich zwischen interner Machtdynamik und institutioneller Einbettung in das internationale Flüchtlingsregime. Ausgehend von Neo-Institutionalismus und Theorien der Kasernierung rekonstruiert Katharina Inhetveen diese Ordnung am Fall zweier Lager in Sambia. Ein innovativer, empirisch fundierter Beitrag zur politischen Soziologie des Flüchtlingslagers.

Auf Den Spuren Des K Rpers In Einer Technogenen Welt

Author: Barbara Duden
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322996670
Size: 44.17 MB
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Die rasch wachsende Zahl neuerer Studien zum ,Körper' spiegelt die akute Umformung der Wahrnehmung von ,Körper' im Zuge trivialisierter Genetik, Medizin- und Reproduktionstechnologie, virtueller Repräsentation in den industrialisierten Ländern einerseits und der wachsenden Bedeutung des ,Körpers' in ethnischen Konflikten, fundamentalistischen Politiken kollektiver Identität, in Bürgerkrieg, Militarismus und Gewalt gegen Frauen andererseits. Der Projektbereich KÖRPER der Internationalen Frauenuniversität lud Wissenschaftlerinnen zu einer ,Körper-Akademie' ein, um ihren Ansatz, ihr Vorgehen und ihre Resultate zur Diskussion zu stellen. Der Band versammelt die besten Aufsätze dieses Gesprächs über das zeitgeschichtliche Schicksal des Frauenkörpers von bisher im Deutschsprachigen nicht zugänglichen Autorinnen. Unsere Überzeugung, dass die zeitgeschichtliche Problematik verfehlt wird, wenn der Frauen-,Körper' als Resultat von Produktions- und Konstruktionsleistungen behandelt wird, leitet die Suche nach den somatischen Erfahrungen von Frauen in einer technogenen Welt: Die ,Subjekt-Position', die ,Stimme' hat Vorrang.

Violence

Author: Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847886256
Size: 77.78 MB
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Violence takes many forms. From large-scale acts of terrorism to assaults on single individuals, violence is a defining force in shaping human experience and a central theme in anthropological study. Violence: Ethnographic Encounters presents a set of vivid first-hand accounts of fieldwork experiences of violence. The examples range across Latin America, Asia, the Middle East and Africa, and illustrate instances of state terror, insurgency, communal violence, war, prison violence, class conflict, security measures, and sexual violence. How do these anthropologists come to know a place through such violent experience? Why do they not leave such scenes? What insights follow from such experience? Violence: Ethnographic Encounters offers readers a broad anthropological study of violence through personal encounters.

A Companion To Border Studies

Author: Thomas M. Wilson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118255259
Size: 11.23 MB
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A Companion to Border Studies introduces an excitingand expanding field of interdisciplinary research, through thewriting of an international array of scholars, from diverseperspectives that include anthropology, development studies,geography, history, political science and sociology. Explores how nations and cultural identities are beingtransformed by their dynamic, shifting borders where mobility issometimes facilitated, other times impeded or prevented Offers an array of international views which together form anauthoritative guide for students, instructors and researchers Reflects recent significant growth in the importance ofunderstanding the distinctive characteristics of borders andfrontiers, including cross-border cooperation, security andcontrols, migration and population displacements, hybridity, andtransnationalism

The Making Of The Modern Refugee

Author: Peter Gatrell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199674167
Size: 27.96 MB
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Offers a comprehensive history of global population displacement in the twentieth century, and provides a new analytic approach to the subject by exploring its causes, consequences, and meanings

Refugees Theatre And Crisis

Author: A. Jeffers
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230354823
Size: 14.48 MB
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Using examples of refugee arts and theatrical activity since the 1990s, this book examines how the 'refugee crisis' has conditioned all arts and cultural activity with refugees in a world where globalization and migration go hand in hand.

Between Two Motherlands

Author: Theodora Dragostinova
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801461163
Size: 30.61 MB
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In 1900, some 100,000 people living in Bulgaria-2 percent of the country's population-could be described as Greek, whether by nationality, language, or religion. The complex identities of the population-proud heirs of ancient Hellenic colonists, loyal citizens of their Bulgarian homeland, members of a wider Greek diasporic community, devout followers of the Orthodox Patriarchate in Istanbul, and reluctant supporters of the Greek government in Athens-became entangled in the growing national tensions between Bulgaria and Greece during the first half of the twentieth century. In Between Two Motherlands, Theodora Dragostinova explores the shifting allegiances of this Greek minority in Bulgaria. Diverse social groups contested the meaning of the nation, shaping and reshaping what it meant to be Greek and Bulgarian during the slow and painful transition from empire to nation-states in the Balkans. In these decades, the region was racked by a series of upheavals (the Balkan Wars, World War I, interwar population exchanges, World War II, and Communist revolutions). The Bulgarian Greeks were caught between the competing agendas of two states increasingly bent on establishing national homogeneity. Based on extensive research in the archives of Bulgaria and Greece, as well as fieldwork in the two countries, Dragostinova shows that the Greek population did not blindly follow Greek nationalist leaders but was torn between identification with the land of their birth and loyalty to the Greek cause. Many emigrated to Greece in response to nationalist pressures; others sought to maintain their Greek identity and traditions within Bulgaria; some even switched sides when it suited their personal interests. National loyalties remained fluid despite state efforts to fix ethnic and political borders by such means as population movements, minority treaties, and stringent citizenship rules. The lessons of a case such as this continue to reverberate wherever and whenever states try to adjust national borders in regions long inhabited by mixed populations.