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Quantitative Development In Infancy And Early Childhood

Author: Kelly S. Mix
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195344165
Size: 30.72 MB
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The aim of this book is to define and discuss the key issues raised by new findings in the study of quantitative development. One basic question addressed is how the abilities reported in infants and young children relate to later development. In some accounts, one is left with the impression that infants possess all the fundamental skills that make up mature quantitative reasoning. According to this view, subsequent development seems to consist of little more than the gradual expression of these skills in increasing complex and explicit tasks. This is a major departure from previously held views of quantitative development, such as that of Piaget. To evaluate these new claims, authors will first review the abilities attributed to infants and then define the parameters of early childhood competencies. Comparing the two developmental periods, the authors will evaluate the finding, discuss the transition between these age periods, and offer a framework for understanding later development of quantitative skills, such as counting and calculation. Underlying the argument throughout will be an examination of the nativist versus empiricist debate that has taken center stage in infancy research.

Nature And Nurture During Infancy And Early Childhood

Author: Robert Plomin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521034241
Size: 12.72 MB
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This 1988 book uses quantitative genetics to offer a general theory of the development of individual differences, drawing upon the Colorado Adoption Project.

F Rderung Der Zahlbegriffsentwicklung Bei Sehenden Und Blinden Kindern

Author: Juliane Leuders
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834825492
Size: 45.64 MB
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Die wissenschaftliche Kenntnislage zur Entwicklung mathematischer Kompetenzen bei blinden Kindern ist lückenhaft, heterogen und teilweise widersprüchlich. Auch für sehende Kinder wurden psychologische Forschungsergebnisse bisher nur teilweise aus didaktischer Perspektive ausgewertet. Juliane Leuders bietet einen umfassenden Überblick über den deutschen und englischsprachigen Forschungsstand zu den Grundlagen des Arithmetiklernens von sehenden und blinden Vorschulkindern und Schulanfängern. Sie thematisiert neuro- und wahrnehmungspsychologische Grundlagen des Hörens und Tastens und erörtert kognitive Prozesse und die Entwicklung des zahlbezogenen Denkens. Im didaktischen Teil beschreibt sie den Kompetenzerwerb im inklusiven Unterricht, die Qualität von Veranschaulichungen und erarbeitet konkrete Vorschläge für die Adaption von Unterrichtsmaterialien.

The Origin Of Concepts

Author: Susan Carey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887918
Size: 52.85 MB
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Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they have been constructed by adults, how do children acquire them? While primarily focusing on the second question, in The Origin of Concepts , Susan Carey shows that the answers to both overlap substantially. Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of core cognition are the output of dedicated input analyzers, as with perceptual representations, but these core representations differ from perceptual representations in having more abstract contents and richer functional roles. Carey argues that the key to understanding cognitive development lies in recognizing conceptual discontinuities in which new representational systems emerge that have more expressive power than core cognition and are also incommensurate with core cognition and other earlier representational systems. Finally, Carey fleshes out Quinian bootstrapping, a learning mechanism that has been repeatedly sketched in the literature on the history and philosophy of science. She demonstrates that Quinian bootstrapping is a major mechanism in the construction of new representational resources over the course of childrens cognitive development. Carey shows how developmental cognitive science resolves aspects of long-standing philosophical debates about the existence, nature, content, and format of innate knowledge. She also shows that understanding the processes of conceptual development in children illuminates the historical process by which concepts are constructed, and transforms the way we think about philosophical problems about the nature of concepts and the relations between language and thought.

Sensory Motor Organizations And Development In Infancy And Early Childhood

Author: H. Bloch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400920717
Size: 14.33 MB
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This book is the outcome of a Nato Workshop, held in France in July 1989. The workshop was organized to examine current ideas about sensory-motor organizations during human infancy and their development through early childhood. The study of sensory-motor development is experiencing a profound shift in scope, focus, methodology and theoretical foundations. Many of these changes are quite new and not yet well covered in the literature. We thought it would be useful for some of the leading researchers in this field to convene together and to compare notes, and collectively to establish future directions for the field. The reasons for a new conceptualization of sensory-motor development are no doubt numerous, but three are especially significant: 1. One concerns a shift from studying either sensory or motor processing to investigation of the relations between the two. 2. The second is connected to the new emphasis on action, and its implications for goal-directed and intentional behaviour extending over time. 3. Lastly, new theories and methodologies provide access to new tools for studying and conceptualizing the developmental process. 1.-One of the most enduring legacies of the behaviorist perspective has been a focus on the stimulus and the response to the exclusion of the relation between them (Pick, 1989). Historically, this bias translated into a research agenda in which the investigator was concerned with either perceptual or motor competence, but rarely the relation between them.

Teaching Number In The Classroom With 4 8 Year Olds

Author: Robert J Wright
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473908744
Size: 53.72 MB
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Bring the principles and practice of the acclaimed Mathematics Recovery Programme to whole-class teaching! WHY INVEST IN THE NEW EDITION? In full-colour with a revised layout for clearer navigation More up-to-date tasks, activities and real classroom examples Learning trajectories for guiding instruction and tracking progress on key topics Extra resources online on the companion website Part of the best-selling Maths Recovery series, this practical, step-by-step guide to classroom instruction takes an inquiry-based approach to assess children's knowledge and build on this to develop a firm foundation of understanding and confidence in mathematics. Topics covered range from beginning number and early counting strategies to multi-digit addition and subtraction right through to multiplication and division. An invaluable resource for use on pre-service teacher training courses and for all primary classroom teachers and assistants, including experienced Mathematics Recovery instructors, as well as learning support personnel, primary mathematics advisors, numeracy consultants and educational psychologists. WHAT EXTRAS ARE ON THE COMPANION WEBSITE? Downloadable extra chapter resources like print-out grids, worksheets, cards and much more A Facilitator’s Guide that can be used either individually or in group study to help you get the most out of the material In-class video demonstrations to clearly show how the instructional activities in the book are used in the classroom Webinar discussing the key points in the book and how it supports your teaching Visit the companion website at https://study.sagepub.com/wrighttnc "Research informs practice in this easy to access resource. Each chapter gives educators practical, bite-sized assessments, linked to a host of activities that helps them target teaching and develop the firm foundations which are so vital for confident and competent mathematicians." - Jill Piotrowski, Numeracy Consultant, Wigan Local Authority, UK "'The Classroom Instructional Framework in Early Number is research-based and provides a roadmap of not only the what, but the when and the how to teach all aspects of early number." - Vicki Nally, Mathematics Consultant at Catholic Education Office, Melbourne "The structured approach offers a wealth of rich and easily implemented classroom-based activities that work - thousands of teachers in Ireland attest to this!" - Noreen O'Loughlin, Director Maths Recovery and Maths Education Lecturer, Mary Immaculate College, Limerick, Ireland

Social And Emotional Development In Infancy And Early Childhood

Author: Janette B. Benson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123785756
Size: 26.10 MB
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Research is increasingly showing the effects of family, school, and culture on the social, emotional and personality development of children. Much of this research concentrates on grade school and above, but the most profound effects may occur much earlier, in the 0-3 age range. This volume consists of focused articles from the authoritative Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development that specifically address this topic and collates research in this area in a way that isn't readily available in the existent literature, covering such areas as adoption, attachment, birth order, effects of day care, discipline and compliance, divorce, emotion regulation, family influences, preschool, routines, separation anxiety, shyness, socialization, effects of television, etc. This one volume reference provides an essential, affordable reference for researchers, graduate students and clinicians interested in social psychology and personality, as well as those involved with cultural psychology and developmental psychology. Presents literature on influences of families, school, and culture in one source saving users time searching for relevant related topics in multiple places and literatures in order to fully understand any one area Focused content on age 0-3- save time searching for and wading through lit on full age range for developmentally relevant info Concise, understandable, and authoritative for immediate applicability in research

Handbook Of Pediatric Neuropsychology

Author: Andrew S. Davis, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826157379
Size: 25.59 MB
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ìBy far, the most comprehensive and detailed coverage of pediatric neuropsychology available in a single book today, Davis provides coverage of basic principles of pediatric neuropsychology, but overall the work highlights applications to daily practice and special problems encountered by the pediatric neuropsychologist.î Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD Texas A&M University "The breadth and depth of this body of work is impressive. Chapters written by some of the best researchers and authors in the field of pediatric neuropsychology address every possible perspective on brain-behavior relationships culminating in an encyclopedic textÖ. This [book] reflects how far and wide pediatric neuropsychology has come in the past 20 years and the promise of how far it will go in the next." Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, EdD, NCSP, ABPdN The Chicago School of Professional Psychology "...it would be hard to imagine a clinical situation in pediatric neuropsychology in whichthis book would fail as a valuable resource."--Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology "I believe there is much to recommend this hefty volume. It is a solid reference that I can see appreciating as a resource as I update my training bibliography."--Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society This landmark reference covers all aspects of pediatric neuropsychology from a research-based perspective, while presenting an applied focus with practical suggestions and guidelines for clinical practice. Useful both as a training manual for graduate students and as a comprehensive reference for experienced practitioners, it is an essential resource for those dealing with a pediatric population. This handbook provides an extensive overview of the most common medical conditions that neuropsychologists encounter while dealing with pediatric populations. It also discusses school-based issues such as special education law, consulting with school staff, and reintegrating children back into mainstream schools. It contains over 100 well-respected authors who are leading researchers in their respective fields. Additionally, each of the 95 chapters includes an up-to-date review of available research, resulting in the most comprehensive text on pediatric neuropsychology available in a single volume. Key Features: Provides thorough information on understanding functional neuroanatomy and development, and on using functional neuroimaging Highlights clinical practice issues, such as legal and ethical decision-making, dealing with child abuse and neglect, and working with school staff Describes a variety of professional issues that neuropsychologists must confront during their daily practice, such as ethics, multiculturalism, child abuse, forensics, and psychopharmacology

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Childhood Cognitive Development

Author: Usha Goswami
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351737
Size: 70.16 MB
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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives