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Quantitative Methods And Applications In Gis

Author: Fahui Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142000428X
Size: 15.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS integrates GIS, spatial analysis, and quantitative methods to address various issues in socioeconomic studies and public policy. Methods range from basic regression analysis to advanced topics such as linear programming and system of equations. Applications vary from typical themes in urban and regional analysis - trade area analysis, accessibility measures, analysis of regional growth patterns, land use simulation - to issues related to crime and health analyses. The book covers common tasks such as distance and travel time estimation, spatial smoothing and interpolation, and accessibility measures. It also covers the major issues that are encountered in spatial analysis including modifiable areal unit problems, rate estimate of rare events in small populations, and spatial autocorrelation. Each chapter has one subject theme, introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme, and then uses case studies to implement the method in a GIS environment.

Quantitative Methods And Socio Economic Applications In Gis Second Edition

Author: Fahui Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584734
Size: 11.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The second edition of a bestseller, Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS (previously titled Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS) details applications of quantitative methods in social science, planning, and public policy with a focus on spatial perspectives. The book integrates GIS and quantitative (computational) methods and demonstrates them in various policy-relevant socio-economic applications with step-by-step instructions and datasets. The book demonstrates the diversity of issues where GIS can be used to enhance the studies related to socio-economic issues and public policy. See What’s New in the Second Edition: All project instructions are in ArcGIS 10.2 using geodatabase datasets New chapters on regionalization methods and Monte Carlo simulation Popular tasks automated as a convenient toolkit: Huff Model, 2SFCA accessibility measure, regionalization, Garin-Lowry model, and Monte Carlo based spatial simulation Advanced tasks now implemented in user-friendly programs or ArcGIS: centrality indices, wasteful commuting measure, p-median problem, and traffic simulation Each chapter has one subject theme and introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme. While each method is illustrated in a special case of application, it can also be used to analyze different issues. For example, spatial regression is used to examine the relationship between job access and homicide patterns; systems of linear equations are analyzed to predict urban land use patterns; linear programming is introduced to solve the problem of wasteful commuting and allocate healthcare facilities; and Monte Carlo technique is illustrated in simulating urban traffic. The book illustrates the range of computational methods and covers common tasks and major issues encountered in a spatial environment. It provides a platform for learning technical skills and quantitative methods in the context of addressing real-world problems, giving you instant access to the tools to resolve major socio-economic issues.

Applied Gis And Spatial Analysis

Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470844090
Size: 11.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The popularity of geography as an academic discipline is partly explained by its relevance to the real world. Spatial analysis uses geographic information and statistical methods for the study of specific applications, ranging from business location analysis to the measurement of inner city deprivation, and when used in conjunction with GIS, visual representations and "what if" scenarios can be created. An increasing number of public and private sector organisations now regard spatial analysis as a valuable problem-solving tool. "Applied GIS and Spatial Analysis" focuses on the use of quantitative methods and GIS in applied contexts, demonstrating the wide range of techniques that are used to deal with problems at different spatial scales. It provides readers with a range of global applications from local/national government and business, and is structured to convey the public-private focus of the material. Arranged in four main parts, "Applied GIS and Spatial Analysis" covers: Geobusiness, which considers applications in the private sector. Social Deprivation, a set of chapters commissioned by various local authorities helping to expose different aspects of social problems, especially deprivation and crime. Transport and Location, relating to transport networks and location problems. National Spatial Planning, which looks at large-scale national social and economic problems, largely funded by government departments. This book is unique as it concentrates on commercially-sponsored applications of GIS and quantitative geography research methodologies that are undertaken by professional quantitative geographers."" Internationally renowned editors and contributors from academic and business consultancies present spatial analysis techniques and the actual "process" of problem solving, to illustrate the applied nature of contemporary quantitative geography. A wealth of case studies enriches the chapters and exemplifies the practical application of GIS, statistical models, location-allocation models, and networks of flow models. "Applied Spatial Modelling and GIS" is essential reading for postgraduates and researchers of Quantitative Geography, GIS, Spatial Modelling and Retail Geography. It is also highly recommended for upper-level undergraduate and MSc students taking modules in GIS and Quantitative Geography, and will be a valuable source of reference for practitioners involved in the use of GIS for private and public sector planning.

Qualitative Gis

Author: Meghan Cope
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446244563
Size: 49.80 MB
Format: PDF
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Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool for analyzing and representing quantitative spatial data. Qualitative GIS explains the recent integration of qualitative research with Geographical Information Systems With a detailed contextualising introduction, the text is organised in three sections: Representation: examines how researchers are using GIS to create new types of representations; working with spatial data, maps, and othervisualizations to incorporate multiple meanings and to provide texture and context. Analysis: discusses the new techniques of analysis that are emerging at the margins between qualitative research and GIS, this in the wider context of a critical review of mixed-methods in geographical research Theory: questions how knowledge is produced, showing how ideas of 'science' and 'truth' inform research, and demonstrates how qualitative GIS can be used to interrogate discussions of power, community, and social action Making reference to representation, analysis, and theory throughout, the text shows how to frame questions, collect data, analyze results, and represent findings in a truly integrated way. An important addition to the mixed methods literature, Qualitative GIS will be the standard reference for upper-level students and researchers using qualitative methods and Geographic Information Systems.

Mapping Global Cities

Author: Ayse Pamuk
Publisher: Esri Press
ISBN: 9781589481435
Size: 21.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Describes how GIS is used in urban planning and policymaking.

An Introduction To R For Spatial Analysis And Mapping

Author: Chris Brunsdon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473911192
Size: 10.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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"In an age of big data, data journalism and with a wealth of quantitative information around us, it is not enough for students to be taught only 100 year old statistical methods using 'out of the box' software. They need to have 21st-century analytical skills too. This is an excellent and student-friendly text from two of the world leaders in the teaching and development of spatial analysis. It shows clearly why the open source software R is not just an alternative to commercial GIS, it may actually be the better choice for mapping, analysis and for replicable research. Providing practical tips as well as fully working code, this is a practical 'how to' guide ideal for undergraduates as well as those using R for the first time. It will be required reading on my own courses." - Richard Harris, Professor of Quantitative Social Science, University of Bristol R is a powerful open source computing tool that supports geographical analysis and mapping for the many geography and ‘non-geography’ students and researchers interested in spatial analysis and mapping. This book provides an introduction to the use of R for spatial statistical analysis, geocomputation and the analysis of geographical information for researchers collecting and using data with location attached, largely through increased GPS functionality. Brunsdon and Comber take readers from ‘zero to hero’ in spatial analysis and mapping through functions they have developed and compiled into R packages. This enables practical R applications in GIS, spatial analyses, spatial statistics, mapping, and web-scraping. Each chapter includes: Example data and commands for exploring it Scripts and coding to exemplify specific functionality Advice for developing greater understanding - through functions such as locator(), View(), and alternative coding to achieve the same ends Self-contained exercises for students to work through Embedded code within the descriptive text. This is a definitive 'how to' that takes students - of any discipline - from coding to actual applications and uses of R.

Geomorphological Mapping

Author: Mike J. Smith
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444535365
Size: 41.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Geomorphological Mapping: a professional handbook of techniques and applications is a new book targeted at academics and practitioners who use, or wish to utilise, geomorphological mapping within their work. Synthesising for the first time an historical perspective to geomorphological mapping, field based and digital tools and techniques for mapping and an extensive array of case studies from academics and professionals active in the area. Those active in geomorphology, engineering geology, reinsurance, Environmental Impact Assessors, and allied areas, will find the text of immense value. Growth of interest in geomorphological mapping and currently no texts comprehensively cover this topic Extensive case studies that will appeal to professionals, academics and students (with extensive use of diagrams, potentially colour plates) Brings together material on digital mapping (GIS and remote sensing), cartography and data sources with a focus on modern technologies (including GIS, remote sensing and digital terrain analysis) Provides readers with summaries of current advances in methodological/technical aspects Accompanied by electronic resources for digital mapping

Analytic Mapping And Geographic Databases

Author: G. David Garson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803947528
Size: 69.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The techniques of analytic mapping and of geographic information systems (GIS) have become increasingly important tools for analyzing census, crime, environmental and consumer data. The authors of this significant volume discuss data access, transformation and preparation issues, and how to select the appropriate analytic graphics techniques through a review of various GIS and common data sources, such as census products, TIGER files, and CD-ROM access. They describe each procedure, review its assumptions and requirements and provide illustrative output for sample data using selected software. Researchers and administrators who need to manage data of geographic locations will find this book a useful guide to systems for storing, retrieving,