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Quantitative Methods And Applications In Gis

Author: Fahui Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142000428X
Size: 53.21 MB
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Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS integrates GIS, spatial analysis, and quantitative methods to address various issues in socioeconomic studies and public policy. Methods range from basic regression analysis to advanced topics such as linear programming and system of equations. Applications vary from typical themes in urban and regional analysis - trade area analysis, accessibility measures, analysis of regional growth patterns, land use simulation - to issues related to crime and health analyses. The book covers common tasks such as distance and travel time estimation, spatial smoothing and interpolation, and accessibility measures. It also covers the major issues that are encountered in spatial analysis including modifiable areal unit problems, rate estimate of rare events in small populations, and spatial autocorrelation. Each chapter has one subject theme, introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme, and then uses case studies to implement the method in a GIS environment.

Quantitative Methods And Socio Economic Applications In Gis Second Edition

Author: Fahui Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466584734
Size: 38.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The second edition of a bestseller, Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS (previously titled Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS) details applications of quantitative methods in social science, planning, and public policy with a focus on spatial perspectives. The book integrates GIS and quantitative (computational) methods and demonstrates them in various policy-relevant socio-economic applications with step-by-step instructions and datasets. The book demonstrates the diversity of issues where GIS can be used to enhance the studies related to socio-economic issues and public policy. See What’s New in the Second Edition: All project instructions are in ArcGIS 10.2 using geodatabase datasets New chapters on regionalization methods and Monte Carlo simulation Popular tasks automated as a convenient toolkit: Huff Model, 2SFCA accessibility measure, regionalization, Garin-Lowry model, and Monte Carlo based spatial simulation Advanced tasks now implemented in user-friendly programs or ArcGIS: centrality indices, wasteful commuting measure, p-median problem, and traffic simulation Each chapter has one subject theme and introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme. While each method is illustrated in a special case of application, it can also be used to analyze different issues. For example, spatial regression is used to examine the relationship between job access and homicide patterns; systems of linear equations are analyzed to predict urban land use patterns; linear programming is introduced to solve the problem of wasteful commuting and allocate healthcare facilities; and Monte Carlo technique is illustrated in simulating urban traffic. The book illustrates the range of computational methods and covers common tasks and major issues encountered in a spatial environment. It provides a platform for learning technical skills and quantitative methods in the context of addressing real-world problems, giving you instant access to the tools to resolve major socio-economic issues.

Quantitative Geography

Author: A Stewart Fotheringham
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761959489
Size: 80.12 MB
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Integrating a discussion of the application of quantitative methods with practical examples, this book explains the philosophy of the new quantitative methodologies and contrasts them with the methods associated with geography's `Quantitative Revolution' of the 1960s. Key issues discussed include: the nature of modern quantitative geography; spatial data; geographical information systems; visualization; local analysis; point pattern analysis; spatial regression; and statistical inference. Concluding with a review of models used in spatial theory, the authors discuss the current challenges to spatial data analysis. Written to be accessible, to communicate the diversity and excitement of recent thinking, Quantitative Geog

Computing The Past

Author: Jens Andresen
Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
Size: 39.38 MB
Format: PDF
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The twentieth `Computer Applications in Archaeology' conference was held at Aarhus University, and this volume contains over 50 of the 90 lectures presented. Handsomely produced in hardback, it is very cheap for so large a book. Among the many papers, under 8 headings, are:Prospecting and Image Processing: The use of ground probing radar on archaeological sites (R Milligan & M Atkin); Image processing applications in archaeology (M Forte); Creating digital terrain models (J Haigh); GIS and Evaluation of Spatial Patterns: Spatial statistics and GIS (K Kvamme); Multiple viewshed analysis using GIS and its application (C Ruggles et al); GIS and Sites and Monuments Records: Bridging the urban-rural gap (J Chartrand et al); Use of GIS in antiquities registration and research (J Boaz & E Uleberg); Databases: Excavation archives (G Semeraro); Museums Index - an object orientated approach (J Feder); Artificial Intelligence: Computer-based techniques for the representation of automatic problem-solving in archaeology (J A Barcelo); Statistics - Methods and Techniques: Diversity indices and archaeology (T J Ringrose); The provenancing of archaeological ceramics (C E Buck); Statistics - Applications: Pre-processing of archaeological data (J Rulf); Mathematical models for the reconstruction of prehistoric settlement patterns (T Weber); Visualisation, Hypermedia and Education: Reconstruction of ancient Japanese tombs and villages (K Ozawa); The Roman conquest of Britain - a computer-based educational package (J Wilcock).

Sp Tbronzezeitliche Bestattungen Auf Kreta

Author: Wanda Löwe
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Size: 29.44 MB
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An extensive catalogue of graves, sarcophagi, larnakes, funerary customs and artefacts from Late Bronze Age Greece, with a limited amount of discussion on their significance for our understanding of LBA Cretan culture.

Die Gleichungen Der Physik

Author: Sander Bais
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3764373628
Size: 41.46 MB
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Seit Jahrtausenden versuchen wir, die Natur zu verstehen. Wir konnten einige der grossen Mysterien enträtseln, die uns umgeben, indem wir den Makro- und Mikrokosmos mit immer raffinierteren Werkzeugen untersuchen. Nicht nur, dass wir dabei eine überwältigende Vielfalt an Fakten gesammelt haben, wir enthüllten sogar Grundgesetze, welche die Struktur und Entwicklung der physikalischen Realität steuern. Insbesondere lernten wir aus diesen Beobachtungen, dass die Natur sich uns in der Sprache der Mathematik mitteilt. Die künstlichste aller Sprachen wird so zur natürlichsten. Die Gesetze stellen sich uns als Gleichungen dar, vielleicht der kompakteste und eindeutigste Ausdruck menschlichen Wissens. Dieses Buch ist ein Reiseführer zu den Gleichungen, den Meilensteinen des Wissens, die entscheidende Wendepunkte unseres Verständnises markieren. Wir wandern vom Herzstück der klassischen Physik, den Gesetzen von Newton und Maxwell, einerseits zu Einsteins scharfsinnigen Erkenntnissen über die Struktur von Raum und Zeit, und andererseits zu den Gleichungen von Schrödinger und Dirac und dem Standardmodell der Elementarteilchenphysik, das die Türen zum Mikrokosmos öffnete. Am Ende stehen wir vor den Super-Strings als mögliche Grundlage einer allumfassenden Theorie.

The Oxford Handbook Of Quantitative Methods Vol 2 Statistical Analysis

Author: Todd D. Little
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199934908
Size: 48.23 MB
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Research today demands the application of sophisticated and powerful research tools. Fulfilling this need, The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods is the complete tool box to deliver the most valid and generalizable answers to todays complex research questions. It is a one-stop source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Comprising two volumes, this handbook covers a wealth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It begins with essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then addresses core measurement topics before delving into the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. Topics in the handbook then segway into the realm of statistical inference and modeling with chapters dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous chapters associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques round out this broad selection of topics. Comprehensive, authoritative, and user-friendly, this two-volume set will be an indispensable resource for serious researchers across the social, behavioral, and educational sciences.

Gps In Der Praxis

Author: Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3709193699
Size: 23.29 MB
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Das satellitengestützte Positionierungssystem GPS wurde ursprünglich für die militärische Navigation konzipiert und entwickelt. Bald wurden aber auch die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten im zivilen Bereich erkannt. Unter anderem zählt GPS heute bereits zu den Standardmethoden der geodätischen Punktbestimmung, wobei Genauigkeiten bis in den Millimeterbereich erzielt werden können. Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle, die eine praxisbezogene Beschreibung von GPS hinsichtlich der Beobachtung und der Auswertung suchen. Nach einer elementaren Einführung in das Prinzip von GPS werden die wichtigsten Aspekte der Beobachtung beginnend von der Planung über die Durchführung bis zur Berechnung der Basisvektoren beschrieben. Das Schwergewicht des Buches liegt in der Auswertung. Im Detail werden die Netzbildung, die Transformation der GPS-Ergebnisse in das lokale geodätische Datum sowie die gemeinsame Ausgleichung von GPS und terrestrischen Messungen behandelt, wobei zahlreiche numerische Beispiele angeführt sind. Im Anhang sind neben den Zahlenwerten für die Parameter der bekanntesten Ellipsoide auch die Formelsysteme für die gebräuchlichsten konformen Abbildungen enthalten.