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Quantum Physics In One Dimension

Author: Thierry Giamarchi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198525001
Size: 39.83 MB
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This volume presents in a pedagogical yet complete way correlated systems in one dimension. After an introduction to the basic concepts of correlated systems, it gives a step-by-step description of the techniques needed to treat one dimension, and discusses the resulting physics.

Quantum Physics In One Dimension

Author: Thierry Giamarchi
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198525004
Size: 49.18 MB
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This book is a pedagogical yet complete introduction to the physics of one-dimensional systems, a topic of fundamental importance in the light of today's progress in nanotechnology and materials research. Written in a gentle, easy-going style it is accessible to graduate students and leads to the frontiers of current research.

Quantum Physics In One Dimension

Author: Thierry Giamarchi
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198525004
Size: 14.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 1338
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This book is a pedagogical yet complete introduction to the physics of one-dimensional systems, a topic of fundamental importance in the light of today's progress in nanotechnology and materials research. Written in a gentle, easy-going style it is accessible to graduate students and leads to the frontiers of current research.

The Principles Of Quantum Mechanics

Author: Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520115
Size: 79.33 MB
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The first edition of this work appeared in 1930, and its originality won it immediate recognition as a classic of modern physical theory. The fourth edition has been bought out to meet a continued demand. Some improvements have been made, the main one being the complete rewriting of the chapter on quantum electrodymanics, to bring in electron-pair creation. This makes it suitable as an introduction to recent works on quantum field theories.

An Introduction To Non Perturbative Foundations Of Quantum Field Theory

Author: Franco Strocchi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651346
Size: 16.33 MB
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Quantum Field Theory (QFT) has proved to be the most useful strategy for the description of elementary particle interactions and as such is regarded as a fundamental part of modern theoretical physics. In most presentations, the emphasis is on the effectiveness of the theory in producing experimentally testable predictions, which at present essentially means Perturbative QFT. However, after more than fifty years of QFT, we still are in the embarrassing situation of not knowing a single non-trivial (even non-realistic) model of QFT in 3+1 dimensions, allowing a non-perturbative control. As a reaction to these consistency problems one may take the position that they are related to our ignorance of the physics of small distances and that QFT is only an effective theory, so that radically new ideas are needed for a consistent quantum theory of relativistic interactions (in 3+1 dimensions). The book starts by discussing the conflict between locality or hyperbolicity and positivity of the energy for relativistic wave equations, which marks the origin of quantum field theory, and the mathematical problems of the perturbative expansion (canonical quantization, interaction picture, non-Fock representation, asymptotic convergence of the series etc.). The general physical principles of positivity of the energy, Poincare' covariance and locality provide a substitute for canonical quantization, qualify the non-perturbative foundation and lead to very relevant results, like the Spin-statistics theorem, TCP symmetry, a substitute for canonical quantization, non-canonical behaviour, the euclidean formulation at the basis of the functional integral approach, the non-perturbative definition of the S-matrix (LSZ, Haag-Ruelle-Buchholz theory). A characteristic feature of gauge field theories is Gauss' law constraint. It is responsible for the conflict between locality of the charged fields and positivity, it yields the superselection of the (unbroken) gauge charges, provides a non-perturbative explanation of the Higgs mechanism in the local gauges, implies the infraparticle structure of the charged particles in QED and the breaking of the Lorentz group in the charged sectors. A non-perturbative proof of the Higgs mechanism is discussed in the Coulomb gauge: the vector bosons corresponding to the broken generators are massive and their two point function dominates the Goldstone spectrum, thus excluding the occurrence of massless Goldstone bosons. The solution of the U(1) problem in QCD, the theta vacuum structure and the inevitable breaking of the chiral symmetry in each theta sector are derived solely from the topology of the gauge group, without relying on the semiclassical instanton approximation.

Mathematical Theory Of Quantum Fields

Author: Huzihiro Araki
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192539116
Size: 45.43 MB
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This is an introduction to the mathematical foundations of quantum field theory, using operator algebraic methods and emphasizing the link between the mathematical formulations and related physical concepts. It starts with a general probabilistic description of physics, which encompasses both classical and quantum physics. The basic key physical notions are clarified at this point. It then introduces operator algebraic methods for quantum theory, and goes on to discuss the theory of special relativity, scattering theory, and sector theory in this context.

Anomalies In Quantum Field Theory

Author: Reinhold A. Bertlmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198507628
Size: 55.35 MB
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An anomaly is the failure of classical symmetry to survive the process of quantization and regularization. The study of anomalies is the key to a deeper understanding of quantum field theory and has played an increasingly important role in the theory over the past 20 years. This text presents all the different aspects of the study of anomalies in an accessible and self-contained way. Much emphasis is now being placed on the formulation of the theory using the mathematical ideas of differential geometry and topology. This approach is followed here, and the derivations and calculations are given explicitly as an aid to students. Topics discussed include the relevant ideas from differential geometry and topology and the application of these paths (path integrals, differential forms, homotopy operators, etc.) to the study of anomalies. Chapters are devoted to abelian and nonabelian anomalies, consistent and covariant anomalies, and gravitational anomalies. The comprehensive overview of the theory presented in this book will be useful to both students and researchers.

The Global Approach To Quantum Field Theory

Author: Bryce Seligman DeWitt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198527909
Size: 18.31 MB
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This new volume takes a complete look at how classical field theory, quantum mechanics and quantum field theory are interrelated. It takes a global approach and discusses the importance of quantization by relating it to different theories such as tree amplitude and conservation laws. There arespecial chapters devoted to Euclideanization and renormalization, space and time inversion and the closed-time-path formalism.

The Universe In A Helium Droplet

Author: G. E. Volovik
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198507828
Size: 48.18 MB
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There are fundamental relations between three vast areas of physics: particle physics, cosmology and condensed matter physics. The fundamental links between the first two areas, in other words, between micro- and macro-worlds, have been well established. There is a unified system of laws governing the scales from subatomic particles to the Cosmos and this principle is widely exploited in the description of the physics of the early Universe. The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics. According to the modern view, elementary particles (electrons, neutrinos, quarks, etc.) are excitations of a more fundamental medium called the quantum vacuum. This is the new 'aether' of the 21st Century. Electromagnetism, gravity, and the fields transferring weak and strong interactions all represent different types of the collective motion of the quantum vacuum. Among the existing condensed matter systems, a quantum liquid called superfluid 3He-A most closely represents the quantum vacuum. Its quasiparticles are very similar to the elementary particles, while the collective modes of the liquid are very similar to electromagnetic and gravitational fields, and the quanta of these collective modes are analogues of photons and gravitons. The fundamental laws of physics, such as the laws of relativity (Lorentz invariance) and gauge invariance, arise when the temperature of the quantum liquid decreases. This book is written for graduate students and researchers in all areas of physics.

Advances In The Casimir Effect

Author: Michael Bordag
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191579882
Size: 58.69 MB
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The subject of this book is the Casimir effect, a manifestation of zero-point oscillations of the quantum vacuum resulting in forces acting between closely spaced bodies. For the benefit of the reader, the book assembles field-theoretical foundations of this phenomenon, applications of the general theory to real materials, and a comprehensive description of all recently performed measurements of the Casimir force with a comparison between experiment and theory. There is an urgent need for a book of this type, given the increase of interest in forces originating from the quantum vacuum. Numerous new results have been obtained in the last few years which are not reflected in previous books on the subject, but which are very promising for fundamental science and nanotechnology. The book is a unique source of information presenting a critical assessment of all the main results and approaches from hundreds of journal papers. It also outlines new ideas which have not yet been universally accepted but which are finding increasing support from experiment.