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Random Walk A Modern Introduction

Author: Gregory F. Lawler
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488767
Size: 75.57 MB
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Random walks are stochastic processes formed by successive summation of independent, identically distributed random variables and are one of the most studied topics in probability theory. This contemporary introduction evolved from courses taught at Cornell University and the University of Chicago by the first author, who is one of the most highly regarded researchers in the field of stochastic processes. This text meets the need for a modern reference to the detailed properties of an important class of random walks on the integer lattice. It is suitable for probabilists, mathematicians working in related fields, and for researchers in other disciplines who use random walks in modeling.

Irrfahrten Faszination Der Random Walks

Author: Norbert Henze
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365822858X
Size: 17.67 MB
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Mit diesem Buch gelingt dem Autor des bekannten Lehrwerkes Stochastik für Einsteiger auf geradezu spielerische Weise, den Leser mit zahlreichen überraschenden Zufallsphänomenen und Nicht-Standard-Grenzwertsätzen im Zusammenhang mit einfachen Irrfahrten und verwandten Themen zu fesseln. Das Werk besticht mit einer durchgängig problemorientierten, lebendigen Darstellung, zu der auch fast 100 anschauliche Bilder beitragen. Es wird immer wieder konkret Modellbildung betrieben, und die erhaltenen Ergebnisse werden ausführlich diskutiert und vernetzt. Studierende, die dieses Werk in Proseminaren zur Stochastik getestet haben, waren insbesondere vom Zusammenspiel von geometrischen Argumenten (Spiegelungsprinzip), Kombinatorik, elementarer Stochastik und Analysis fasziniert. ​Gegenüber der ersten, unter einem etwas anderen Titel erschienenen Auflage, wurden neben zahlreichen Korrekturen zusätzliche Erklärungen eingefügt und Aktualisierungen vorgenommen.

Non Homogeneous Random Walks

Author: Mikhail Menshikov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316867366
Size: 23.12 MB
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Stochastic systems provide powerful abstract models for a variety of important real-life applications: for example, power supply, traffic flow, data transmission. They (and the real systems they model) are often subject to phase transitions, behaving in one way when a parameter is below a certain critical value, then switching behaviour as soon as that critical value is reached. In a real system, we do not necessarily have control over all the parameter values, so it is important to know how to find critical points and to understand system behaviour near these points. This book is a modern presentation of the 'semimartingale' or 'Lyapunov function' method applied to near-critical stochastic systems, exemplified by non-homogeneous random walks. Applications treat near-critical stochastic systems and range across modern probability theory from stochastic billiards models to interacting particle systems. Spatially non-homogeneous random walks are explored in depth, as they provide prototypical near-critical systems.

Intersection Local Times Loop Soups And Permanental Wick Powers

Author: Yves Le Jan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470436957
Size: 62.70 MB
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Several stochastic processes related to transient Lévy processes with potential densities , that need not be symmetric nor bounded on the diagonal, are defined and studied. They are real valued processes on a space of measures endowed with a metric . Sufficient conditions are obtained for the continuity of these processes on . The processes include -fold self-intersection local times of transient Lévy processes and permanental chaoses, which are `loop soup -fold self-intersection local times' constructed from the loop soup of the Lévy process. Loop soups are also used to define permanental Wick powers, which generalizes standard Wick powers, a class of -th order Gaussian chaoses. Dynkin type isomorphism theorems are obtained that relate the various processes. Poisson chaos processes are defined and permanental Wick powers are shown to have a Poisson chaos decomposition. Additional properties of Poisson chaos processes are studied and a martingale extension is obtained for many of the processes described above.

Geometric Analysis

Author: Peter Li
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107020646
Size: 58.90 MB
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Basic techniques for researchers interested in the field of geometric analysis.

Financial Derivatives

Author: Jamil Baz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521815109
Size: 41.36 MB
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This book offers a complete, succinct account of the principles of financial derivatives pricing. The first chapter provides readers with an intuitive exposition of basic random calculus. Concepts such as volatility and time, random walks, geometric Brownian motion, and Ito's lemma are discussed heuristically. The second chapter develops generic pricing techniques for assets and derivatives, determining the notion of a stochastic discount factor or pricing kernel, and then uses this concept to price conventional and exotic derivatives. The third chapter applies the pricing concepts to the special case of interest rate markets, namely, bonds and swaps, and discusses factor models and term structure consistent models. The fourth chapter deals with a variety of mathematical topics that underlie derivatives pricing and portfolio allocation decisions such as mean-reverting processes and jump processes and discusses related tools of stochastic calculus such as Kolmogorov equations, martingale techniques, stochastic control, and partial differential equations.

Probability On Graphs

Author: Geoffrey Grimmett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488368
Size: 35.14 MB
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This introduction to some of the principal models in the theory of disordered systems leads the reader through the basics, to the very edge of contemporary research, with the minimum of technical fuss. Topics covered include random walk, percolation, self-avoiding walk, interacting particle systems, uniform spanning tree, random graphs, as well as the Ising, Potts, and random-cluster models for ferromagnetism, and the Lorentz model for motion in a random medium. Schramm–Löwner evolutions (SLE) arise in various contexts. The choice of topics is strongly motivated by modern applications and focuses on areas that merit further research. Special features include a simple account of Smirnov's proof of Cardy's formula for critical percolation, and a fairly full account of the theory of influence and sharp-thresholds. Accessible to a wide audience of mathematicians and physicists, this book can be used as a graduate course text. Each chapter ends with a range of exercises.

Grundbegriffe Der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung

Author: A. Kolomogoroff
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642498884
Size: 76.18 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.